Export (0) Print
Expand All

PreserveSigAttribute Class

Indicates that the HRESULT or retval signature transformation that takes place during COM interop calls should be suppressed.

Namespace:  System.Runtime.InteropServices
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets.Method, Inherited = false)]
[ComVisibleAttribute(true)]
public sealed class PreserveSigAttribute : Attribute

You can apply this attribute to methods.

By default, the Type Library Exporter (Tlbexp.exe) ensures that a call that returns an HRESULT of S_OK is transformed such that the [out, retval] parameter is used as the function return value. The S_OK HRESULT is discarded. For HRESULTs other than S_OK, the runtime throws an exception and discards the [out, retval] parameter. When you apply the PreserveSigAttribute to a managed method signature, the managed and unmanaged signatures of the attributed method are identical.

Preserving the original method signature is necessary if the member returns more than one success HRESULT value and you want to detect the different values. Since most COM member return an HRESULT, by applying the PreserveSigAttribute, you can retrieve an integer representing the success or failure HRESULT. Tlbexp.exe preserves any [out, retavl] parameters as out parameters in the managed signature.

The Type Library Importer (Tlbimp.exe) also applies this attribute; it applies the attribute to dispinterfaces when it imports a type library.

NoteNote:

Return types of Currency, Guid, and Object are not supported by the PreserveSigAttribute class when interoperation occurs from COM to managed code and the managed code is marked with the PreserveSigAttribute class. When you attempt to use one of these return types with the PreserveSigAttribute class during these conditions, a TypeLoadException is thrown.

The following example shows how Tlbexp.exe converts a C# method without PreserveSigAttribute when exporting an assembly to a COM type library.

Managed signature:

int DoSomething (long l);

Unmanaged signature:

HRESULT DoSomething ([in] long l, [out, retval] int * i);

When you apply PreserveSigAttribute to the same C# method and export the assembly, the method conversion differs from the previous example. Notice that Tlbexp.exe removes the HRESULT and the [out, retval] parameter modifier.

Managed signature:

[PreserveSig] int DoSomething (long l);

Unmanaged signature:

int DoSomething ([in] long l);

System.Object
  System.Attribute
    System.Runtime.InteropServices.PreserveSigAttribute

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft