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FirstChanceExceptionEventArgs Class

Provides data for the notification event that is raised when a managed exception first occurs, before the common language runtime begins searching for event handlers.

System.Object
  System.EventArgs
    System.Runtime.ExceptionServices.FirstChanceExceptionEventArgs

Namespace:  System.Runtime.ExceptionServices
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public class FirstChanceExceptionEventArgs : EventArgs

The FirstChanceExceptionEventArgs type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodFirstChanceExceptionEventArgsInitializes a new instance of the FirstChanceExceptionEventArgs class with a specified exception.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyExceptionThe managed exception object that corresponds to the exception thrown in managed code.
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  NameDescription
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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This class provides the exception handler for the AppDomain.FirstChanceException event with access to the exception.

The following example creates a series of application domains named Child_0 through Child_3, with a Worker object in each application domain. Each Worker object has a reference to the Worker object in the next application domain, except for the Worker in the last application domain. The FirstChanceException event is handled in all application domains except Child_1.

When the application domains have been created, the default application domain calls the TestException method for the first child application domain. Each Worker object calls the TestException method for the next, until the last Worker throws an exception that is either handled or unhandled. Thus, the current thread passes through all the application domains, and TestException is added to the stack in each application domain.

When the last Worker object handles the exception, the FirstChanceException event is raised only in the last application domain. The other application domains never get a chance to handle the exception, so the event is not raised.

When the last Worker object does not handle the exception, the FirstChanceException event is raised in each application domain that has an event handler. After each event handler has finished, the stack continues to unwind until the exception is caught by the default application domain.

NoteNote

To see how the stack display grows as the event is raised closer and closer to the default application domain, change e.Exception.Message to e.Exception in the FirstChanceHandler event handlers. Notice that when TestException is called across application domain boundaries, it appears twice: once for the proxy and once for the stub.

using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Runtime.ExceptionServices;

class Example
{
    static void Main()
    {
        AppDomain.CurrentDomain.FirstChanceException += FirstChanceHandler;

        // Create a set of application domains, with a Worker object in each one. 
        // Each Worker object creates the next application domain.
        AppDomain ad = AppDomain.CreateDomain("AD0");
        Worker w = (Worker) ad.CreateInstanceAndUnwrap(
                                typeof(Worker).Assembly.FullName, "Worker");
        w.Initialize(0, 3);

        Console.WriteLine("\r\nThe last application domain throws an exception and catches it:");
        Console.WriteLine();
        w.TestException(true);

        try
        {
            Console.WriteLine(
                "\r\nThe last application domain throws an exception and does not catch it:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            w.TestException(false);
        }
        catch (ArgumentException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("ArgumentException caught in {0}: {1}", 
                AppDomain.CurrentDomain.FriendlyName, ex.Message);
        }
    }

    static void FirstChanceHandler(object source, FirstChanceExceptionEventArgs e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("FirstChanceException event raised in {0}: {1}",
            AppDomain.CurrentDomain.FriendlyName, e.Exception.Message);
    }
}

public class Worker : MarshalByRefObject
{
    private AppDomain ad = null;
    private Worker w = null;

    public void Initialize(int count, int max)
    {
        // Handle the FirstChanceException event in all application domains except 
        // AD1. 
        if (count != 1)
        {
            AppDomain.CurrentDomain.FirstChanceException += FirstChanceHandler;
        }

        // Create another application domain, until the maximum is reached. 
        // Field w remains null in the last application domain, as a signal 
        // to TestException().  
        if (count < max)
        {
            int next = count + 1;
            ad = AppDomain.CreateDomain("AD" + next);
            w = (Worker) ad.CreateInstanceAndUnwrap(
                             typeof(Worker).Assembly.FullName, "Worker");
            w.Initialize(next, max);
        }
    }

    public void TestException(bool handled)
    {
        // As long as there is another application domain, call TestException() on 
        // its Worker object. When the last application domain is reached, throw a 
        // handled or unhandled exception. 
        if (w != null)
        {
            w.TestException(handled);
        }
        else if (handled)
        {
            try
            {
                throw new ArgumentException("Thrown in " + AppDomain.CurrentDomain.FriendlyName);
            }
            catch (ArgumentException ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("ArgumentException caught in {0}: {1}", 
                    AppDomain.CurrentDomain.FriendlyName, ex.Message);
            }
        }
        else
        {
            throw new ArgumentException("Thrown in " + AppDomain.CurrentDomain.FriendlyName);
        }
    }

    static void FirstChanceHandler(object source, FirstChanceExceptionEventArgs e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("FirstChanceException event raised in {0}: {1}",
            AppDomain.CurrentDomain.FriendlyName, e.Exception.Message);
    }
}

/* This example produces output similar to the following:

The last application domain throws an exception and catches it:

FirstChanceException event raised in AD3: Thrown in AD3
ArgumentException caught in AD3: Thrown in AD3

The last application domain throws an exception and does not catch it:

FirstChanceException event raised in AD3: Thrown in AD3
FirstChanceException event raised in AD2: Thrown in AD3
FirstChanceException event raised in AD0: Thrown in AD3
FirstChanceException event raised in Example.exe: Thrown in AD3
ArgumentException caught in Example.exe: Thrown in AD3
 */

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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