Export (0) Print
Expand All
0 out of 1 rated this helpful - Rate this topic

CriticalFinalizerObject Class

Ensures that all finalization code in derived classes is marked as critical.

Namespace:  System.Runtime.ConstrainedExecution
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
'Declaration
<ComVisibleAttribute(True)> _
<SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.InheritanceDemand, UnmanagedCode := True)> _
Public MustInherit Class CriticalFinalizerObject

The CriticalFinalizerObject type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Protected methodCriticalFinalizerObjectInitializes a new instance of the CriticalFinalizerObject class.
Top
  NameDescription
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified Object is equal to the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeReleases all the resources used by the CriticalFinalizerObject class. (Overrides Object.Finalize.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as a hash function for a particular type. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Top

Classes deriving from the CriticalFinalizerObject class are implicitly treated as a constrained execution region (CER). This requires code in the finalizer to only call code with a strong reliability contract. For more information about CERs, see the System.Runtime.ConstrainedExecution namespace.

In classes derived from the CriticalFinalizerObject class, the common language runtime (CLR) guarantees that all critical finalization code will be given the opportunity to execute, provided the finalizer follows the rules for a CER, even in situations where the CLR forcibly unloads an application domain or aborts a thread. If a finalizer violates the rules for a CER, it might not successfully execute. In addition, the CLR establishes a weak ordering among normal and critical finalizers: for objects reclaimed by garbage collection at the same time, all the noncritical finalizers are called before any of the critical finalizers. For example, a class such as FileStream, which holds data in the SafeHandle class that is derived from CriticalFinalizerObject, can run a standard finalizer to flush out existing buffered data.

In most cases, you do not need to write classes that derive from the CriticalFinalizerObject class. The .NET Framework class library provides two classes, SafeHandle and CriticalHandle, that provide critical finalization functionality for handle resources. Furthermore, the .NET Framework provides a set of prewritten classes derived from the SafeHandle class, and this set is located in the Microsoft.Win32.SafeHandles namespace. These classes are designed to provide common functionality for supporting file and operating system handles.

The following code example shows the use of the SafeFileHandle class to provide critical finalization for the standard input and output streams. The SafeFileHandle, derived from the SafeHandle class, is passed to the file stream in the FileStream constructor.


Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices
Imports System.IO
Imports Microsoft.Win32.SafeHandles

Public Module Example
   Const STD_INPUT_HANDLE As Integer  = -10
   Const STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE As Integer = -11
   Const STD_ERROR_HANDLE As Integer  = -12

   Public Declare Auto Function GetStdHandle Lib "Kernel32" (type As Integer) As IntPtr

   Public Sub Main()
      Dim fsIn As FileStream = Nothing
      Dim fsOut As FileStream = Nothing

      Try
         Dim sfhIn As New SafeFileHandle(GetStdHandle(STD_INPUT_HANDLE), False)
         fsIn = new FileStream(sfhIn, FileAccess.Read)
         Dim input() As Byte = { 0 }
         fsIn.Read(input, 0, 1)
         Dim sfhOut As New SafeFileHandle(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE), False)
         fsOut = New FileStream(sfhOut, FileAccess.Write)
         fsOut.Write(input, 0, 1)
         Dim sf As SafeFileHandle = fsOut.SafeFileHandle
      Finally
         If fsIn IsNot Nothing Then
            fsIn.Close()
            fsIn = Nothing
         End If
         If fsOut IsNot Nothing Then 
            fsOut.Close()
            fsOut = Nothing
         End If
      End Try
   End Sub
End Module


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
Did you find this helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft. All rights reserved.