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RuntimeCompatibilityAttribute Class

Specifies whether to wrap exceptions that do not derive from the Exception class with a RuntimeWrappedException object. This class cannot be inherited.

Namespace:  System.Runtime.CompilerServices
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

'Declaration
<SerializableAttribute> _
<AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets.Assembly, Inherited := False, AllowMultiple := False)> _
Public NotInheritable Class RuntimeCompatibilityAttribute _
	Inherits Attribute
'Usage
Dim instance As RuntimeCompatibilityAttribute

Some languages, such as C++, allow you to throw exceptions of any type. Other languages, such as Microsoft C# and Visual Basic, require that every thrown exception be derived from the Exception class. To maintain compatibility between languages, the common language runtime (CLR) wraps objects that do not derive from Exception in a RuntimeWrappedException object.

You can use the RuntimeCompatibilityAttribute class to specify whether exceptions should appear wrapped inside catch blocks and exception filters for an assembly. Many language compilers, including the Microsoft C# and Visual Basic compilers, apply this attribute by default to specify the wrapping behavior.

Note that the runtime still wraps exceptions even if you use the RuntimeCompatibilityAttribute class to specify that you do not want them wrapped. In this case, exceptions are unwrapped only inside catch blocks or exception filters.

The following code example demonstrates how to apply the RuntimeCompatibilityAttribute class to an assembly that throws a String object as an exception in C++ and catches it using a RuntimeWrappedException object.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Runtime::CompilerServices;

[assembly:RuntimeCompatibilityAttribute(WrapNonExceptionThrows = true)]; 

void run()
{
    try
    {
        throw gcnew String("This is a string");

    }
    catch(RuntimeWrappedException^ e)
    {
        Console::WriteLine("RuntimeWrappedException caught!");
    }
}

int main()
{
    run();

    return 0;
}

System.Object
  System.Attribute
    System.Runtime.CompilerServices.RuntimeCompatibilityAttribute

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

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