Export (0) Print
Expand All
0 out of 2 rated this helpful - Rate this topic

AssemblyName Class

Describes an assembly's unique identity in full.

Namespace:  System.Reflection
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
[SerializableAttribute]
[ClassInterfaceAttribute(ClassInterfaceType.None)]
[ComVisibleAttribute(true)]
public sealed class AssemblyName : _AssemblyName, 
	ICloneable, ISerializable, IDeserializationCallback

The AssemblyName object contains information about an assembly, which you can use to bind to that assembly. An assembly's identity consists of the following:

  • Simple name.

  • Version number.

  • Cryptographic key pair.

  • Supported culture.

The simple name is typically the file name for the manifest file without its extension. The key pair includes a public and private key, used to create strong-name signatures for assemblies.

All compilers that support the common language runtime will emit the simple name of a nested class, and reflection constructs a mangled name when queried, in accordance with the following conventions.

Delimiter

Meaning

Backslash (\)

Escape character.

Comma (,)

Precedes the assembly name.

Plus sign (+)

Precedes a nested class.

For example, the fully qualified name for a class might look like this:

ContainingClass+NestedClass,MyAssembly

A "++" becomes "\+\+", and a "\" becomes "\\".

This qualified name can be persisted and later used to load the Type. To search for and load a Type, use GetType either with the type name only or with the assembly qualified type name. GetType with the type name only will look for the Type in the caller's assembly and then in the System assembly. GetType with the assembly qualified type name will look for the Type in any assembly.

A fully specified AssemblyName must have the name, culture, public key or public key token, major version, minor version, build number, and revision number parameters. The last four are packaged in the Version type.

To create a simple name, create an AssemblyName object using the default constructor and set the Name. The other properties are optional.

To create a full strong name, create an AssemblyName object using the default constructor and set the Name and KeyPair. The other properties are optional. Use SetPublicKey and SetPublicKeyToken to set the public key and the strong name. The strong name signing always uses the SHA1 hash algorithm.

To ensure that the names are constructed correctly, use the following properties:

You can also get the name by using the /l option with the Global Assembly Cache Tool (Gacutil.exe)

For a partially specified strong name, create an AssemblyName object using the default constructor and set the name and public key. An assembly created using such an AssemblyName can be signed later using the Assembly Linker (Al.exe).

It is possible to specify a public key and a KeyPair with inconsistent values. This can be useful in developer scenarios. In this case, the public key retrieved with GetPublicKey specifies the correct public key, while the KeyPair specifies the public and private keys used during development. When the runtime detects a mismatch between the KeyPair and the public key, it looks up in the registry the correct key that matches the public key.

The format of the display name of an AssemblyName is a comma-delimited Unicode string that begins with the name, as follows:

Name <,Culture = CultureInfo> <,Version = Major.Minor.Build.Revision> <, StrongName> <,PublicKeyToken> '\0'

Name is the textual name of the assembly. CultureInfo is the RFC1766-format-defined culture. Major, Minor, Build, and Revision are the major version, minor version, build number, and revision number of the assembly. StrongName is the hexadecimal-encoded low-order 64 bits of the hash value of the public key generated using the SHA-1 hashing algorithm and the public key specified by SetPublicKey. PublicKeyToken is the hexadecimal-encoded public key specified by SetPublicKey.

Hexadecimal encoding is defined as the conversion of each byte of a binary object to two hexadecimal characters, progressing from least to most significant byte. Additional display values will be added as deemed necessary.

If the full public key is known, then PublicKey may be substituted for StrongName.

Also note that except for Name, which must come first, the lexical order of parameters is unimportant. However, any parameter (Version, Culture, StrongName or PublicKey) not specifically set is considered to be omitted, and the AssemblyName is then considered partial. When specifying partial information, Name parameters must be specified in the order described above.

When supplying a display name, the convention StrongName =null or PublicKey= null indicates that binding and matching against a simply named assembly is required. Additionally, the convention Culture= "" (double quote representing an empty string) indicates matching against the default culture.

The following code example shows an AssemblyName for a simply named assembly with default culture.

ExampleAssembly, Culture=""

The following code example shows a fully specified reference for a strongly named assembly with culture "en".

ExampleAssembly, Version=1.0.0.0, Culture=en, PublicKeyToken=a5d015c7d5a0b012

This example shows how to use various reflection classes to analyze the metadata contained in an assembly.

using System;
using System.Reflection;

class Module1
{

    public static void Main()
    {
        // This variable holds the amount of indenting that  
        // should be used when displaying each line of information.
        Int32 indent = 0;
        // Display information about the EXE assembly.
        Assembly a = System.Reflection.Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly();
        Display(indent, "Assembly identity={0}", a.FullName);
        Display(indent+1, "Codebase={0}", a.CodeBase);

        // Display the set of assemblies our assemblies reference.

        Display(indent, "Referenced assemblies:");
        foreach (AssemblyName an in a.GetReferencedAssemblies() )
        {
             Display(indent + 1, "Name={0}, Version={1}, Culture={2}, PublicKey token={3}", an.Name, an.Version, an.CultureInfo.Name, (BitConverter.ToString (an.GetPublicKeyToken())));
        }
        Display(indent, "");

        // Display information about each assembly loading into this AppDomain. 
        foreach (Assembly b in AppDomain.CurrentDomain.GetAssemblies())
        {
            Display(indent, "Assembly: {0}", b);

            // Display information about each module of this assembly. 
            foreach ( Module m in b.GetModules(true) )
            {
                Display(indent+1, "Module: {0}", m.Name);
            }

            // Display information about each type exported from this assembly.

            indent += 1;
            foreach ( Type t in b.GetExportedTypes() )
            {
                Display(0, "");
                Display(indent, "Type: {0}", t);

                // For each type, show its members & their custom attributes.

                indent += 1;
                foreach (MemberInfo mi in t.GetMembers() )
                {
                    Display(indent, "Member: {0}", mi.Name);
                    DisplayAttributes(indent, mi);

                    // If the member is a method, display information about its parameters. 

                    if (mi.MemberType==MemberTypes.Method)
                    {
                        foreach ( ParameterInfo pi in ((MethodInfo) mi).GetParameters() )
                        {
                            Display(indent+1, "Parameter: Type={0}, Name={1}", pi.ParameterType, pi.Name);
                        }
                    }

                    // If the member is a property, display information about the property's accessor methods. 
                    if (mi.MemberType==MemberTypes.Property)
                    {
                        foreach ( MethodInfo am in ((PropertyInfo) mi).GetAccessors() )
                        {
                            Display(indent+1, "Accessor method: {0}", am);
                        }
                    }
                }
                indent -= 1;
            }
            indent -= 1;
        }
    }

    // Displays the custom attributes applied to the specified member. 
    public static void DisplayAttributes(Int32 indent, MemberInfo mi)
    {
        // Get the set of custom attributes; if none exist, just return.
        object[] attrs = mi.GetCustomAttributes(false);
        if (attrs.Length==0) {return;}

        // Display the custom attributes applied to this member.
        Display(indent+1, "Attributes:");
        foreach ( object o in attrs )
        {
            Display(indent+2, "{0}", o.ToString());
        }
    }

    // Display a formatted string indented by the specified amount. 
    public static void Display(Int32 indent, string format, params object[] param) 

    {
        Console.Write(new string(' ', indent*2));
        Console.WriteLine(format, param);
    }
}

//The output shown below is abbreviated. 
// 
//Assembly identity=ReflectionCS, Version=1.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null 
//  Codebase=file:///C:/Documents and Settings/test/My Documents/Visual Studio 2005/Projects/Reflection/Reflection/obj/Debug/Reflection.exe 
//Referenced assemblies: 
//  Name=mscorlib, Version=2.0.0.0, Culture=, PublicKey token=B7-7A-5C-56-19-34-E0-89 
// 
//Assembly: mscorlib, Version=2.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089 
//  Module: mscorlib.dll 
//  Module: mscorlib.dll 
//  Module: mscorlib.dll 
//  Module: mscorlib.dll 
//  Module: mscorlib.dll 
//  Module: mscorlib.dll 
//  Module: mscorlib.dll 
//  Module: mscorlib.dll 
//  Module: mscorlib.dll 
//  Module: mscorlib.dll 
//  Module: mscorlib.dll 
//  Module: mscorlib.dll 
//  Module: mscorlib.dll 
//  Module: mscorlib.dll 
// 
//  Type: System.Object 
//    Member: GetType 
//    Member: ToString 
//    Member: Equals 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Object, Name=obj 
//    Member: Equals 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Object, Name=objA 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Object, Name=objB 
//    Member: ReferenceEquals 
//      Attributes: 
//        System.Runtime.ConstrainedExecution.ReliabilityContractAttribute 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Object, Name=objA 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Object, Name=objB 
//    Member: GetHashCode 
//    Member: .ctor 
//      Attributes: 
//        System.Runtime.ConstrainedExecution.ReliabilityContractAttribute 
// 
//  Type: System.ICloneable 
//    Member: Clone 
// 
//  Type: System.Collections.IEnumerable 
//    Member: GetEnumerator 
//      Attributes: 
//        System.Runtime.InteropServices.DispIdAttribute 
// 
//  Type: System.Collections.ICollection 
//    Member: CopyTo 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Array, Name=array 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Int32, Name=index 
//    Member: get_Count 
//    Member: get_SyncRoot 
//    Member: get_IsSynchronized 
//    Member: Count 
//      Accessor method: Int32 get_Count() 
//    Member: SyncRoot 
//      Accessor method: System.Object get_SyncRoot() 
//    Member: IsSynchronized 
//      Accessor method: Boolean get_IsSynchronized() 
// 
//  Type: System.Collections.IList 
//    Member: get_Item 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Int32, Name=index 
//    Member: set_Item 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Int32, Name=index 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Object, Name=value 
//    Member: Add 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Object, Name=value 
//    Member: Contains 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Object, Name=value 
//    Member: Clear 
//    Member: get_IsReadOnly 
//    Member: get_IsFixedSize 
//    Member: IndexOf 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Object, Name=value 
//    Member: Insert 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Int32, Name=index 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Object, Name=value 
//    Member: Remove 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Object, Name=value 
//    Member: RemoveAt 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Int32, Name=index 
//    Member: Item 
//      Accessor method: System.Object get_Item(Int32) 
//      Accessor method: Void set_Item(Int32, System.Object) 
//    Member: IsReadOnly 
//      Accessor method: Boolean get_IsReadOnly() 
//    Member: IsFixedSize 
//      Accessor method: Boolean get_IsFixedSize() 
// 
//  Type: System.Array 
//    Member: IndexOf 
//      Parameter: Type=T[], Name=array 
//      Parameter: Type=T, Name=value 
//    Member: AsReadOnly 
//      Parameter: Type=T[], Name=array 
//    Member: Resize 
//      Attributes: 
//        System.Runtime.ConstrainedExecution.ReliabilityContractAttribute 
//      Parameter: Type=T[]&, Name=array 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Int32, Name=newSize 
//    Member: BinarySearch 
//      Attributes: 
//        System.Runtime.ConstrainedExecution.ReliabilityContractAttribute 
//      Parameter: Type=T[], Name=array 
//      Parameter: Type=T, Name=value 
//    Member: BinarySearch 
//      Attributes: 
//        System.Runtime.ConstrainedExecution.ReliabilityContractAttribute 
//      Parameter: Type=T[], Name=array 
//      Parameter: Type=T, Name=value 
//      Parameter: Type=System.Collections.Generic.IComparer`1[T], Name=comparer
System.Object
  System.Reflection.AssemblyName
Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0
Did you find this helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft. All rights reserved.