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Complex.Magnitude Property

Gets the magnitude (or absolute value) of a complex number.

Namespace:  System.Numerics
Assembly:  System.Numerics (in System.Numerics.dll)

public double Magnitude { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.Double
The magnitude of the current instance.

The Magnitude property is equivalent to the absolute value of a complex number. It specifies the distance from the origin (the intersection of the x-axis and the y-axis in the Cartesian coordinate system) to the two-dimensional point represented by a complex number. The absolute value is calculated as follows:

| a + bi | = Math.Sqrt(a2 + b2)

If the calculation of the absolute value results in an overflow, this property returns either Double.PositiveInfinity or Double.NegativeInfinity.

The Magnitude and the Phase properties define the position of a point that represents a complex number in the polar coordinate system.

You can instantiate a complex number based on its polar coordinates instead of its Cartesian coordinates by calling the FromPolarCoordinates method.

The following example calculates the absolute value of a complex number and demonstrates that it is equivalent to the value of the Magnitude property.


using System;
using System.Numerics;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Complex complex1 = new Complex(2.0, 3.0);
      Console.WriteLine("|{0}| = {1:N2}", complex1, Complex.Abs(complex1));
      Console.WriteLine("Equal to Magnitude: {0}", 
                        Complex.Abs(complex1).Equals(complex1.Magnitude)); 
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       |(2, 3)| = 3.60555127546399
//       Equal to Magnitude: True


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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