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PingCompletedEventArgs Class

Provides data for the PingCompleted event.

System.Object
  System.EventArgs
    System.ComponentModel.AsyncCompletedEventArgs
      System.Net.NetworkInformation.PingCompletedEventArgs

Namespace:  System.Net.NetworkInformation
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

public class PingCompletedEventArgs : AsyncCompletedEventArgs

The PingCompletedEventArgs type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public propertyCancelledGets a value indicating whether an asynchronous operation has been canceled. (Inherited from AsyncCompletedEventArgs.)
Public propertyErrorGets a value indicating which error occurred during an asynchronous operation. (Inherited from AsyncCompletedEventArgs.)
Public propertyReplyGets an object that contains data that describes an attempt to send an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo request message and receive a corresponding ICMP echo reply message.
Public propertyUserStateGets the unique identifier for the asynchronous task. (Inherited from AsyncCompletedEventArgs.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodRaiseExceptionIfNecessaryRaises a user-supplied exception if an asynchronous operation failed. (Inherited from AsyncCompletedEventArgs.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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Instances of this class are passed to a PingCompletedEventHandler method that is called when a SendAsync call completes. The SendAsync methods send an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo request asynchronously and wait for a corresponding ICMP echo reply message. The Reply property contains the results of the ICMP echo request.

The following code example demonstrates sending an ICMP echo request asynchronously.

using System;
using System.Text;
using System.Net;
using System.Net.NetworkInformation;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Threading;

namespace Examples.System.Net.NetworkInformation.PingTest
{
    public class PingExample
    {
        public static void Main (string[] args)
        {
            if (args.Length == 0)
                throw new ArgumentException ("Ping needs a host or IP Address.");

            string who = args[0];
            AutoResetEvent waiter = new AutoResetEvent (false);

            Ping pingSender = new Ping ();

            // When the PingCompleted event is raised, 
            // the PingCompletedCallback method is called.
            pingSender.PingCompleted += new PingCompletedEventHandler (PingCompletedCallback);

            // Create a buffer of 32 bytes of data to be transmitted. 
            string data = "aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa";
            byte[] buffer = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes (data);

            // Wait 12 seconds for a reply. 
            int timeout = 12000;

            // Set options for transmission: 
            // The data can go through 64 gateways or routers 
            // before it is destroyed, and the data packet 
            // cannot be fragmented.
            PingOptions options = new PingOptions (64, true);

            Console.WriteLine ("Time to live: {0}", options.Ttl);
            Console.WriteLine ("Don't fragment: {0}", options.DontFragment);

            // Send the ping asynchronously. 
            // Use the waiter as the user token. 
            // When the callback completes, it can wake up this thread.
            pingSender.SendAsync(who, timeout, buffer, options, waiter);

            // Prevent this example application from ending. 
            // A real application should do something useful 
            // when possible.
            waiter.WaitOne ();
            Console.WriteLine ("Ping example completed.");
        }

        private static void PingCompletedCallback (object sender, PingCompletedEventArgs e)
        {
            // If the operation was canceled, display a message to the user. 
            if (e.Cancelled)
            {
                Console.WriteLine ("Ping canceled.");

                // Let the main thread resume.  
                // UserToken is the AutoResetEvent object that the main thread  
                // is waiting for.
                ((AutoResetEvent)e.UserState).Set ();
            }

            // If an error occurred, display the exception to the user. 
            if (e.Error != null)
            {
                Console.WriteLine ("Ping failed:");
                Console.WriteLine (e.Error.ToString ());

                // Let the main thread resume. 
                ((AutoResetEvent)e.UserState).Set();
            }

            PingReply reply = e.Reply;

            DisplayReply (reply);

            // Let the main thread resume.
            ((AutoResetEvent)e.UserState).Set();
        }

        public static void DisplayReply (PingReply reply)
        {
            if (reply == null)
                return;

            Console.WriteLine ("ping status: {0}", reply.Status);
            if (reply.Status == IPStatus.Success)
            {
                Console.WriteLine ("Address: {0}", reply.Address.ToString ());
                Console.WriteLine ("RoundTrip time: {0}", reply.RoundtripTime);
                Console.WriteLine ("Time to live: {0}", reply.Options.Ttl);
                Console.WriteLine ("Don't fragment: {0}", reply.Options.DontFragment);
                Console.WriteLine ("Buffer size: {0}", reply.Buffer.Length);
            }
        }
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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