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HttpListenerPrefixCollection.Add Method

Adds a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) prefix to the collection.

Namespace:  System.Net
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

'Declaration
Public Sub Add ( _
	uriPrefix As String _
)
'Usage
Dim instance As HttpListenerPrefixCollection 
Dim uriPrefix As String

instance.Add(uriPrefix)

Parameters

uriPrefix
Type: System.String

A String that identifies the URI information that is compared in incoming requests. The prefix must be terminated with a forward slash ("/").

Implements

ICollection(Of T).Add(T)

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

uriPrefix is Nothing.

ArgumentException

uriPrefix does not use the http:// or https:// scheme. These are the only schemes supported for HttpListener objects.

-or-

uriPrefix is not a correctly formatted URI prefix. Make sure the string is terminated with a "/".

ObjectDisposedException

The HttpListener associated with this collection is closed.

HttpListenerException

A Windows function call failed. Check the exception's ErrorCode property to determine the cause of the exception. This exception is thrown if another HttpListener has already added the prefix uriPrefix.

This method adds a URI prefix to the set of prefixes managed by the associated HttpListener object. When checking uriPrefix to ensure it is valid, case is ignored.

A URI prefix string is composed of a scheme (http or https), a host, an optional port, and an optional path, for example, "http://www.contoso.com:8080/customerData/". The prefix must be terminated with a forward slash ("/"). The HttpListener with the prefix that most closely matches a requested URI responds to the request. Multiple HttpListener objects cannot add the same prefix. An HttpListenerException exception is thrown if an HttpListener adds a prefix that is already in use.

When a port is specified, the host element can be replaced with "*" to indicate that the HttpListener accepts requests sent to the port if the requested URI does not match any other prefix. For example, to receive all requests sent to port 8080 when the requested URI is not handled by any other HttpListener, the prefix is "http://*:8080/". Similarly, to specify that the HttpListener accepts all requests sent to a port, replace the host element with the "+" character, "https://+:8080/". The "*" and "+" characters can be present in prefixes that include paths.

The following code example creates an HttpListener and adds user-specified prefixes to its HttpListenerPrefixCollection.

// This example requires the System and System.Net namespaces. 
public static void SimpleListenerExample(string[] prefixes)
{
    if (!HttpListener.IsSupported)
    {
        Console.WriteLine ("Windows XP SP2 or Server 2003 is required to use the HttpListener class.");
        return;
    }
    // URI prefixes are required, 
    // for example "http://contoso.com:8080/index/".
    if (prefixes == null || prefixes.Length == 0)
      throw new ArgumentException("prefixes");

    // Create a listener.
    HttpListener listener = new HttpListener();
    // Add the prefixes. 
    foreach (string s in prefixes)
    {
        listener.Prefixes.Add(s);
    }
    listener.Start();
    Console.WriteLine("Listening...");
    // Note: The GetContext method blocks while waiting for a request. 
    HttpListenerContext context = listener.GetContext();
    HttpListenerRequest request = context.Request;
    // Obtain a response object.
    HttpListenerResponse response = context.Response;
    // Construct a response.
    string responseString = "<HTML><BODY> Hello world!</BODY></HTML>";
    byte[] buffer = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(responseString);
    // Get a response stream and write the response to it.
    response.ContentLength64 = buffer.Length;
    System.IO.Stream output = response.OutputStream;
    output.Write(buffer,0,buffer.Length);
    // You must close the output stream.
    output.Close();
    listener.Stop();
}

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

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