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Math.Tan Method

Returns the tangent of the specified angle.

Namespace: System
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static double Tan (
	double a
)
public static double Tan (
	double a
)
public static function Tan (
	a : double
) : double

Parameters

a

An angle, measured in radians.

Return Value

The tangent of a. If a is equal to NaN, NegativeInfinity, or PositiveInfinity, this method returns NaN.

The angle, a, must be in radians. Multiply by π/180 to convert degrees to radians.

// This example demonstrates Math.Atan()
//                           Math.Atan2()
//                           Math.Tan()
using System;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    double x = 1.0;
    double y = 2.0;
    double angle;
    double radians;
    double result;

// Calculate the tangent of 30 degrees.
    angle = 30;
    radians = angle * (Math.PI/180);
    result = Math.Tan(radians);
    Console.WriteLine("The tangent of 30 degrees is {0}.", result);

// Calculate the arctangent of the previous tangent.
    radians = Math.Atan(result);
    angle = radians * (180/Math.PI);
    Console.WriteLine("The previous tangent is equivalent to {0} degrees.", angle);

// Calculate the arctangent of an angle.
    String line1 = "{0}The arctangent of the angle formed by the x-axis and ";
    String line2 = "a vector to point ({0},{1}) is {2}, ";
    String line3 = "which is equivalent to {0} degrees.";

    radians = Math.Atan2(y, x);
    angle = radians * (180/Math.PI);

    Console.WriteLine(line1, Environment.NewLine);
    Console.WriteLine(line2, x, y, radians);
    Console.WriteLine(line3, angle);
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

The tangent of 30 degrees is 0.577350269189626.
The previous tangent is equivalent to 30 degrees.

The arctangent of the angle formed by the x-axis and
a vector to point (1,2) is 1.10714871779409,
which is equivalent to 63.434948822922 degrees.
*/

// This example demonstrates Math.Atan()
//                           Math.Atan2()
//                           Math.Tan()

import System.*;

class Sample
{
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        double x = 1.0;
        double y = 2.0;
        double angle;
        double radians;
        double result;

        // Calculate the tangent of 30 degrees.
        angle = 30;
        radians = angle * (Math.PI / 180);
        result = System.Math.Tan(radians);
        Console.WriteLine("The tangent of 30 degrees is {0}.", 
            System.Convert.ToString(result));

        // Calculate the arctangent of the previous tangent.
        radians = System.Math.Atan(result);
        angle = radians * (180 / Math.PI);
        Console.WriteLine("The previous tangent is equivalent to {0} degrees.",
            System.Convert.ToString(angle));

        // Calculate the arctangent of an angle.
        String line1 = "{0}The arctangent of the angle formed by"
            + " the x-axis and ";
        String line2 = "a vector to point ({0},{1}) is {2}, ";
        String line3 = "which is equivalent to {0} degrees.";

        radians = System.Math.Atan2(y, x);
        angle = radians * (180 / Math.PI);

        Console.WriteLine(line1, Environment.get_NewLine());
        Console.WriteLine(line2, System.Convert.ToString(x), 
            System.Convert.ToString(y), System.Convert.ToString(radians));
        Console.WriteLine(line3, System.Convert.ToString(angle));
    } //main
} //Sample

/*
This example produces the following results:

The tangent of 30 degrees is 0.577350269189626.
The previous tangent is equivalent to 30 degrees.

The arctangent of the angle formed by the x-axis and
a vector to point (1,2) is 1.10714871779409,
which is equivalent to 63.434948822922 degrees.
*/

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0

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