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StreamReader.Peek Method

Returns the next available character but does not consume it.

Namespace: System.IO
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public override int Peek ()
public int Peek ()
public override function Peek () : int
Not applicable.

Return Value

An integer representing the next character to be read, or -1 if no more characters are available or the stream does not support seeking.

Exception typeCondition

IOException

An I/O error occurs.

The Peek method returns an integer value in order to determine whether the end of the file, or another error has occurred. This allows a user to first check if the returned value is -1 before casting it to a Char type.

This method overrides Peek.

The current position of the StreamReader object is not changed by Peek. The returned value is -1 if no more characters are currently available.

For a list of common I/O tasks, see Common I/O Tasks.

The following code example reads lines from a file until the end of the file is reached.

using System;
using System.IO;

class Test 
{
	
    public static void Main() 
    {
        string path = @"c:\temp\MyTest.txt";

        try 
        {
            if (File.Exists(path)) 
            {
                File.Delete(path);
            }

            using (StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(path)) 
            {
                sw.WriteLine("This");
                sw.WriteLine("is some text");
                sw.WriteLine("to test");
                sw.WriteLine("Reading");
            }

            using (StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(path)) 
            {

                while (sr.Peek() >= 0) 
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(sr.ReadLine());
                }
            }
        } 
        catch (Exception e) 
        {
            Console.WriteLine("The process failed: {0}", e.ToString());
        }
    }
}

import System.*;
import System.IO.*;

class Test
{
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        String path = "c:\\temp\\MyTest.txt";

        try {
            if (File.Exists(path)) {
                File.Delete(path);
            }
            StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(path);
            try {
                sw.WriteLine("This");
                sw.WriteLine("is some text");
                sw.WriteLine("to test");
                sw.WriteLine("Reading");
            }
            finally {
                sw.Dispose();
            }
            StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(path);
            try {
                while (sr.Peek() >= 0) {
                    Console.WriteLine(sr.ReadLine());
                }
            }
            finally {
                sr.Dispose();
            }
        }
        catch (System.Exception e) {
            Console.WriteLine("The process failed: {0}", e.ToString());
        }
    } //main
} //Test

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 1.0

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