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NamedPipeClientStream Class

Exposes a Stream around a named pipe, which supports both synchronous and asynchronous read and write operations.

Namespace:  System.IO.Pipes
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

[HostProtectionAttribute(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, MayLeakOnAbort = true)]
public sealed class NamedPipeClientStream : PipeStream

NoteNote:

The HostProtectionAttribute attribute applied to this type or member has the following Resources property value: MayLeakOnAbort. The HostProtectionAttribute does not affect desktop applications (which are typically started by double-clicking an icon, typing a command, or entering a URL in a browser). For more information, see the HostProtectionAttribute class or SQL Server Programming and Host Protection Attributes.

Named pipes provide one-way or duplex pipes for communication between a pipe server and one or more pipe clients. Named pipes can be used for interprocess communication locally or over a network. A single pipe name can be shared by multiple NamedPipeClientStream objects.

Any process can act as either a named pipe server or client, or both.

Note   For Windows XP Professional and Windows 2000 Server, the maximum number of pipes that are permitted to simultaneously connect over the network is ten.

The following example demonstrates a way to send a string from a parent process to a child process on the same computer using named pipes. This example creates a NamedPipeServerStream object in a parent process. The NamedPipeServerStream object has a PipeDirection value of Out. The server then waits for a NamedPipeClientStream object in a child process to connect to it. In this example, both processes are on the same computer and the NamedPipeClientStream object has a PipeDirection value of In. The parent process then sends a user-supplied string to the child process. The string is displayed to the console.

This example is for the client process, which connects to the server process. For the entire code sample, including the code for both the pipe client and server, see How to: Use Named Pipes to Communicate Between Processes over a Network.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.IO.Pipes;

class PipeClient
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        using (NamedPipeClientStream pipeClient =
            new NamedPipeClientStream(".", "testpipe", PipeDirection.In))
        {

            // Connect to the pipe or wait until the pipe is available.
            Console.Write("Attempting to connect to pipe...");
            pipeClient.Connect();

            Console.WriteLine("Connected to pipe.");
            Console.WriteLine("There are currently {0} pipe server instances open.",
               pipeClient.NumberOfServerInstances);
            using (StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(pipeClient))
            {
                // Display the read text to the console
                string temp;
                while ((temp = sr.ReadLine()) != null)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Received from server: {0}", temp);
                }
            }
        }
        Console.Write("Press Enter to continue...");
        Console.ReadLine();
    }
}

System.Object
  System.MarshalByRefObject
    System.IO.Stream
      System.IO.Pipes.PipeStream
        System.IO.Pipes.NamedPipeClientStream

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5

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