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Path::GetPathRoot Method

Gets the root directory information of the specified path.

Namespace:  System.IO
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

static String^ GetPathRoot(
	String^ path


Type: System::String

The path from which to obtain root directory information.

Return Value

Type: System::String
The root directory of path, such as "C:\", or nullptr if path is nullptr, or an empty string if path does not contain root directory information.


path contains one or more of the invalid characters defined in GetInvalidPathChars.


String::Empty was passed to path.

This method does not verify that the path or file name exists.

Possible patterns for the string returned by this method are as follows:

  • An empty string (path specified a relative path on the current drive or volume).

  • "/" (path specified an absolute path on the current drive).

  • "X:" (path specified a relative path on a drive, where X represents a drive or volume letter).

  • "X:/" (path specified an absolute path on a given drive).

  • "\\ComputerName\SharedFolder" (a UNC path).

The .NET Framework does not support direct access to physical disks through paths that are device names, such as "\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE0 ".

For a list of common I/O tasks, see Common I/O Tasks.

The following code example demonstrates a use of the GetPathRoot method.

String^ path = "\\mydir\\";
String^ fileName = "myfile.ext";
String^ fullPath = "C:\\mydir\\myfile.ext";
String^ pathRoot;
pathRoot = Path::GetPathRoot( path );
Console::WriteLine( "GetPathRoot('{0}') returns '{1}'", path, pathRoot );
pathRoot = Path::GetPathRoot( fileName );
Console::WriteLine( "GetPathRoot('{0}') returns '{1}'", fileName, pathRoot );
pathRoot = Path::GetPathRoot( fullPath );
Console::WriteLine( "GetPathRoot('{0}') returns '{1}'", fullPath, pathRoot );

// This code produces output similar to the following: 
// GetPathRoot('\mydir\') returns '\' 
// GetPathRoot('myfile.ext') returns '' 
// GetPathRoot('C:\mydir\myfile.ext') returns 'C:\'

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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