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LogExtent Class

Represents a disk extent that contains log data.

System.Object
  System.IO.Log.LogExtent

Namespace:  System.IO.Log
Assembly:  System.IO.Log (in System.IO.Log.dll)

public sealed class LogExtent

The LogExtent type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public propertyPathGets the fully qualified path of this LogExtent instance.
Public propertySizeGets the size of this LogExtent instance, in bytes.
Public propertyStateGets the state of this LogExtent instance.
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  NameDescription
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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A LogStore instance stores its data in a collection of disk extents, represented by LogExtent instances. A particular LogExtent is associated with exactly one LogStore, and LogExtent objects in the same LogStore are of identical size. Space is added to and removed from a LogStore instance in extent increments.

Although LogExtent objects are represented on disk as files, they should not be moved or deleted as normal files. To delete a LogExtent instance, remove it from the LogExtentCollection that contains it.

This example shows how to use the LogExtent class to add and emulate extents in a log sequence.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using System.IO.Log;

namespace MyLogRecordSequence
{
    public class MyLog
    {
        string logName = "test.log";
        string logContainer = "MyExtent0";
        int containerSize = 32 * 1024;
        LogRecordSequence sequence = null;
        bool delete = true;

        // These are used in the TailPinned event handler. 
        public static LogRecordSequence MySequence = null;
        public static bool AdvanceBase = true;

        public MyLog()
        {
            // Create a LogRecordSequence.
            sequence = new LogRecordSequence(this.logName,
                                              FileMode.CreateNew,
                                              FileAccess.ReadWrite,
                                              FileShare.None);

            // At least one container/extent must be added for Log Record Sequence.
            sequence.LogStore.Extents.Add(this.logContainer, this.containerSize);

            MySequence = sequence;

        }

        public void AddExtents()
        {
            // Add two additional extents. The extents are  
            // of the same size as the first extent.
            sequence.LogStore.Extents.Add("MyExtent1");
            sequence.LogStore.Extents.Add("MyExtent2");
        }

        public void EnumerateExtents()
        {
            LogStore store = sequence.LogStore;

            Console.WriteLine("Enumerating Log Extents...");
            Console.WriteLine("    Extent Count: {0} extents", store.Extents.Count);
            Console.WriteLine("    Extents Are...");
            foreach (LogExtent extent in store.Extents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("      {0} ({1}, {2})",
                                  Path.GetFileName(extent.Path),
                                  extent.Size,
                                  extent.State);
            }
            Console.WriteLine("    Free Extents: {0} Free", store.Extents.FreeCount);   
        }

        public void SetLogPolicy()
        {
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("Setting current log policy...");

            // SET LOG POLICY

            LogPolicy policy = sequence.LogStore.Policy;

            // Set AutoGrow policy. This enables the log to automatically grow 
            // when the existing extents are full. New extents are added until 
            // we reach the MaximumExtentCount extents. 
            // AutoGrow policy is supported only in Windows Vista and not available in R2. 

            //policy.AutoGrow = true; 

            // Set the Growth Rate in terms of extents. This policy specifies 
            // "how much" the log should grow. 
            policy.GrowthRate = new PolicyUnit(2, PolicyUnitType.Extents);

            // Set the AutoShrink policy. This enables the log to automatically 
            // shrink if the available free space exceeds the shrink percentage.  
            // AutoGrow/shrink policy is supported only in Windows Vista and not available in R2. 

            //policy.AutoShrinkPercentage = new PolicyUnit(30, PolicyUnitType.Percentage); 

            // Set the PinnedTailThreshold policy. 
            // A tail pinned event is triggered when there is no 
            // log space available and log space may be freed by advancing the base. 
            // The user must handle the tail pinned event by advancing the base of the log.  
            // If the user is not able to move the base of the log, the user should report with exception in 
            // the tail pinned handler. 
            // PinnedTailThreashold policy dictates the amount of space that the TailPinned event requests  
            // for advancing the base of the log. The amount of space can be in percentage or in terms of bytes  
            // which is rounded off to the nearest containers in CLFS. The default is 35 percent.


            policy.PinnedTailThreshold = new PolicyUnit(10, PolicyUnitType.Percentage);

            // Set the maximum extents the log can have.
            policy.MaximumExtentCount = 6;

            // Set the minimum extents the log can have.
            policy.MinimumExtentCount = 2;

            // Set the prefix for new containers that are added.  
            // when AutoGrow is enabled. 
            //policy.NewExtentPrefix = "MyLogPrefix";

            // Set the suffix number for new containers that are added. 
            // when AutoGrow is enabled. 
            policy.NextExtentSuffix = 3;

            // Commit the log policy.
            policy.Commit();

            // Refresh updates the IO.Log policy properties with current log policy  
            // set in the log. 
            policy.Refresh();

            // LOG POLICY END 
            //  

            //+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ 
            // Setting up IO.Log provided capabilities... 
            //  

            // SET RETRY APPEND 

            // IO.Log provides a mechanism similar to AutoGrow. 
            // If the existing log is full and an append fails, setting RetryAppend 
            // invokes the CLFS policy engine to add new extents and re-tries 
            // record appends. If MaximumExtent count has been reached,  
            // a SequenceFullException is thrown.  
            // 

            sequence.RetryAppend = true;

            // RETRY APPEND END 

            // REGISTER FOR TAILPINNED EVENT NOTIFICATIONS 

            // Register for TailPinned Event by passing in an event handler. 
            // An event is raised when the log full condition is reached. 
            // The user should either advance the base sequence number to the  
            // nearest valid sequence number recommended in the tail pinned event or 
            // report a failure that it is not able to advance the base sequence  
            // number.  
            //

            sequence.TailPinned += new EventHandler<TailPinnedEventArgs>(HandleTailPinned);  

            Console.WriteLine("Done...");
        }

        public void ShowLogPolicy()
        {
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("Showing current log policy...");

            LogPolicy policy = sequence.LogStore.Policy;

            Console.WriteLine("    Minimum extent count:  {0}", policy.MinimumExtentCount);
            Console.WriteLine("    Maximum extent count:  {0}", policy.MaximumExtentCount);
            Console.WriteLine("    Growth rate:           {0}", policy.GrowthRate);
            Console.WriteLine("    Pinned tail threshold: {0}", policy.PinnedTailThreshold);
            Console.WriteLine("    Auto shrink percent:   {0}", policy.AutoShrinkPercentage);
            Console.WriteLine("    Auto grow enabled:     {0}", policy.AutoGrow);
            Console.WriteLine("    New extent prefix:     {0}", policy.NewExtentPrefix);
            Console.WriteLine("    Next extent suffix:    {0}", policy.NextExtentSuffix);

	}

        // Append records. Appending three records.   
        public void AppendRecords()
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Appending Log Records...");
            SequenceNumber previous = SequenceNumber.Invalid;

            previous = sequence.Append(CreateData("Hello World!"), SequenceNumber.Invalid, SequenceNumber.Invalid, RecordAppendOptions.ForceFlush);
            previous = sequence.Append(CreateData("This is my first Logging App"), SequenceNumber.Invalid, SequenceNumber.Invalid, RecordAppendOptions.ForceFlush);
            previous = sequence.Append(CreateData("Using LogRecordSequence..."), SequenceNumber.Invalid, SequenceNumber.Invalid, RecordAppendOptions.ForceFlush);
	    
            Console.WriteLine("Done...");
        }


        // Read the records added to the log.  
        public void ReadRecords()
        {
            Encoding enc = Encoding.Unicode;

            Console.WriteLine();

            Console.WriteLine("Reading Log Records...");
            try
            {
                foreach (LogRecord record in this.sequence.ReadLogRecords(this.sequence.BaseSequenceNumber, LogRecordEnumeratorType.Next))
                {
                    byte[] data = new byte[record.Data.Length];
                    record.Data.Read(data, 0, (int)record.Data.Length);
                    string mystr = enc.GetString(data);
                    Console.WriteLine("    {0}", mystr);
                }
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Exception {0} {1}", e.GetType(), e.Message);
            }

            Console.WriteLine();
        }

        public void FillLog()
        {
            bool append = true;

            while (append)
            {
                try
                {
                    sequence.Append(CreateData(16 * 1024), SequenceNumber.Invalid, SequenceNumber.Invalid, RecordAppendOptions.ForceFlush);
                }

                catch (SequenceFullException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Log is Full...");
                    append = false;
                }
            }
        }

        // Dispose the record sequence and delete the log file.  
        public void Cleanup()
        {
            // Dispose the sequence
            sequence.Dispose();

            // Delete the log file. 
            if (delete)
            {
                try
                {
                    // This deletes the base log file and all the extents associated with the log.
                    LogStore.Delete(this.logName);
                }
                catch (Exception e)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Exception {0} {1}", e.GetType(), e.Message);
                }
            }
        }

        // Converts the given data to an Array of ArraySegment<byte>  
        public static IList<ArraySegment<byte>> CreateData(string str)
        {
            Encoding enc = Encoding.Unicode;

            byte[] array = enc.GetBytes(str);

            ArraySegment<byte>[] segments = new ArraySegment<byte>[1];
            segments[0] = new ArraySegment<byte>(array);

            return Array.AsReadOnly<ArraySegment<byte>>(segments);
        }

        public static IList<ArraySegment<byte>> CreateData(int size)
        {
            byte[] array = new byte[size];

            Random rnd = new Random();
            rnd.NextBytes(array);

            ArraySegment<byte>[] segments = new ArraySegment<byte>[1];
            segments[0] = new ArraySegment<byte>(array);

            return Array.AsReadOnly<ArraySegment<byte>>(segments);
        }

        public static SequenceNumber GetAdvanceBaseSeqNumber(SequenceNumber recTargetSeqNum)
        {
            SequenceNumber targetSequenceNumber = SequenceNumber.Invalid;

            Console.WriteLine("Getting actual target sequence number...");

            //  
            // Implement the logic for returning a valid sequence number closer to 
            // recommended target sequence number.  
            // 

            return targetSequenceNumber;
        }

        public static void HandleTailPinned(object arg, TailPinnedEventArgs tailPinnedEventArgs)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("TailPinned has fired");

            // Based on the implementation of a logging application, the log base can be moved 
            // to free up more log space and if it is not possible to move the  
            // base, the application should report by throwing an exception. 

            if(MyLog.AdvanceBase)
            {
                try
                {
                    // TailPnnedEventArgs has the recommended sequence number and its generated  
                    // based on PinnedTailThreshold policy.  
                    // This does not map to an actual sequence number in the record sequence 
                    // but an approximation and potentially frees up the threshold % log space 
                    // when the log base is advanced to a valid sequence number closer to the  
                    // recommended sequence number.  
                    // The user should use this sequence number to locate a closest valid sequence 
                    // number to advance the base of the log.

                    SequenceNumber recommendedTargetSeqNum = tailPinnedEventArgs.TargetSequenceNumber; 

                    // Get the actual Target sequence number.
                    SequenceNumber actualTargetSeqNum = MyLog.GetAdvanceBaseSeqNumber(recommendedTargetSeqNum);

                    MySequence.AdvanceBaseSequenceNumber(actualTargetSeqNum);
                }
                catch (Exception e)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Exception thrown {0} {1}", e.GetType(), e.Message);
                }
            }
            else
            {
                // Report back Error if under some conditions the log cannot 
                // advance the base sequence number.

                Console.WriteLine("Reporting Error! Unable to move the base sequence number!");
                throw new IOException();
            }
        }
    }

    class LogSample
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            // Create log record sequence.
            MyLog log = new MyLog();

            // Add additional extents.
            log.AddExtents();

            // Enumerate the current log extents.
            log.EnumerateExtents();

            // Set log policies and register for TailPinned event notifications. 
            log.SetLogPolicy();

            log.ShowLogPolicy();

            // Append a few records and read the appended records. 
            log.AppendRecords();
            log.ReadRecords();

            // Fill the Log to trigger log growth...and subsequent TailPinned notifications.
            log.FillLog();

            log.EnumerateExtents();

            log.Cleanup();
        }
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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