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File.OpenWrite Method

Opens an existing file or creates a new file for writing.

Namespace:  System.IO
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static FileStream OpenWrite(
	string path
)

Parameters

path
Type: System.String

The file to be opened for writing.

Return Value

Type: System.IO.FileStream
An unshared FileStream object on the specified path with Write access.

ExceptionCondition
UnauthorizedAccessException

The caller does not have the required permission.

-or-

path specified a read-only file or directory.

ArgumentException

path is a zero-length string, contains only white space, or contains one or more invalid characters as defined by InvalidPathChars.

ArgumentNullException

path is null.

PathTooLongException

The specified path, file name, or both exceed the system-defined maximum length. For example, on Windows-based platforms, paths must be less than 248 characters, and file names must be less than 260 characters.

DirectoryNotFoundException

The specified path is invalid, (for example, it is on an unmapped drive).

FileNotFoundException

The file specified in path was not found.

NotSupportedException

path is in an invalid format.

This method is equivalent to the FileStream(String, FileMode, FileAccess, FileShare) constructor overload with file mode set to OpenOrCreate, the access set to Write, and the share mode set to None.

The OpenWrite method opens a file if one already exists for the file path, or creates a new file if one does not exist. For an existing file, it does not append the new text to the existing text. Instead, it overwrites the existing characters with the new characters. If you overwrite a longer string (such as “This is a test of the OpenWrite method”) with a shorter string (such as “Second run”), the file will contain a mix of the strings (“Second runtest of the OpenWrite method”).

The path parameter may specify relative or absolute path information. Relative path information is interpreted as relative to the current working directory. To obtain the current working directory, use the GetCurrentDirectory method.

For a list of common I/O tasks, see Common I/O Tasks.

The following example opens a file for reading and writing.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;

class Test 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
        string path = @"c:\temp\MyTest.txt";

        // Open the stream and write to it. 
        using (FileStream fs = File.OpenWrite(path)) 
        {
            Byte[] info = 
                new UTF8Encoding(true).GetBytes("This is to test the OpenWrite method.");

            // Add some information to the file.
            fs.Write(info, 0, info.Length);
        }

        // Open the stream and read it back. 
        using (FileStream fs = File.OpenRead(path)) 
        {
            byte[] b = new byte[1024];
            UTF8Encoding temp = new UTF8Encoding(true);

            while (fs.Read(b,0,b.Length) > 0) 
            {
                Console.WriteLine(temp.GetString(b));
            }
        }
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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