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StringInfo.ParseCombiningCharacters Method

Returns the indexes of each base character, high surrogate, or control character within the specified string.

Namespace:  System.Globalization
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

static member ParseCombiningCharacters : 
        str:string -> int[] 


Type: System.String
The string to search.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32[]
An array of integers that contains the zero-based indexes of each base character, high surrogate, or control character within the specified string.


str is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

The Unicode Standard defines a surrogate pair as a coded character representation for a single abstract character that consists of a sequence of two code units, where the first unit of the pair is a high surrogate and the second is a low surrogate. A high surrogate is a Unicode code point in the range U+D800 through U+DBFF and a low surrogate is a Unicode code point in the range U+DC00 through U+DFFF.

A control character is a character for which the Unicode value is U+007F or in the range U+0000 through U+001F or U+0080 through U+009F.

The .NET Framework defines a text element as a unit of text that is displayed as a single character, that is, a grapheme. A text element can be a base character, a surrogate pair, or a combining character sequence. The Unicode Standard defines a combining character sequence as a combination of a base character and one or more combining characters. A surrogate pair can represent a base character or a combining character.

If a combining character sequence is invalid, every combining character in that sequence is also returned.

Each index in the resulting array is the beginning of a text element, that is, the index of the base character or the high surrogate.

The length of each element is easily computed as the difference between successive indexes. The length of the array will always be less than or equal to the length of the string. For example, given the string "\u4f00\u302a\ud800\udc00\u4f01", this method returns the indexes 0, 2, and 4.

Equivalent Members

Starting in version 2.0 of the .NET Framework, the SubstringByTextElements method and LengthInTextElements property provide an easy to use implementation of the functionality offered by the ParseCombiningCharacters method.

The following code example demonstrates calling the ParseCombiningCharacters method. This code example is part of a larger example provided for the StringInfo class.

No code example is currently available or this language may not be supported.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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