Export (0) Print
Expand All

GC.GetTotalMemory Method

Retrieves the number of bytes currently thought to be allocated. A parameter indicates whether this method can wait a short interval before returning while the system collects garbage and finalizes objects.

[Visual Basic]
Public Shared Function GetTotalMemory( _
   ByVal forceFullCollection As Boolean _
) As Long
[C#]
public static long GetTotalMemory(
 bool forceFullCollection
);
[C++]
public: static __int64 GetTotalMemory(
 bool forceFullCollection
);
[JScript]
public static function GetTotalMemory(
   forceFullCollection : Boolean
) : long;

Parameters

forceFullCollection
A Boolean value that, if true, indicates this method can wait awhile for garbage collection before returning.

Return Value

A number that is the best available approximation of the number of bytes currently allocated in managed memory.

Remarks

If forceFullCollection is true, this method waits a short interval before returning while the system collects garbage and finalizes objects. The duration of the interval is an internally specified limit determined by the number of garbage collection cycles completed and the change in the amount of memory recovered between cycles. The garbage collector does not guarantee that all inaccessible memory is collected.

Example

[Visual Basic] 
Imports System

Namespace GCCollectInt_Example
    Class MyGCCollectClass
        Private maxGarbage As Long = 10000

        Public Shared Sub Main()
            Dim myGCCol As New MyGCCollectClass

            'Determine the maximum number of generations the system
            'garbage collector currently supports.
            Console.WriteLine("The highest generation is {0}", GC.MaxGeneration)

            myGCCol.MakeSomeGarbage()

            'Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
            Console.WriteLine("Generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol))

            'Determine the best available approximation of the number 
            'of bytes currently allocated in managed memory.
            Console.WriteLine("Total Memory: {0}", GC.GetTotalMemory(False))

            'Perform a collection of generation 0 only.
            GC.Collect(0)

            'Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
            Console.WriteLine("Generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol))

            Console.WriteLine("Total Memory: {0}", GC.GetTotalMemory(False))

            'Perform a collection of generation 2 only.
            GC.Collect(2)

            'Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
            Console.WriteLine("Generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol))
            Console.WriteLine("Total Memory: {0}", GC.GetTotalMemory(False))
            Console.Read()

        End Sub


        Sub MakeSomeGarbage()
            Dim vt As Version

            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To maxGarbage - 1
                'Create objects and release them to fill up memory
                'with unused objects.
                vt = New Version
            Next i
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace

[C#] 
using System;

namespace GCCollectIntExample
{
    class MyGCCollectClass
    {
        private const long maxGarbage = 1000;
      
        static void Main()
        {
            MyGCCollectClass myGCCol = new MyGCCollectClass();

            // Determine the maximum number of generations the system
        // garbage collector currently supports.
            Console.WriteLine("The highest generation is {0}", GC.MaxGeneration);
            
            myGCCol.MakeSomeGarbage();

            // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
            Console.WriteLine("Generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol));
            
            // Determine the best available approximation of the number 
        // of bytes currently allocated in managed memory.
            Console.WriteLine("Total Memory: {0}", GC.GetTotalMemory(false));
            
            // Perform a collection of generation 0 only.
            GC.Collect(0);
            
            // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
            Console.WriteLine("Generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol));
            
            Console.WriteLine("Total Memory: {0}", GC.GetTotalMemory(false));
            
            // Perform a collection of generation 2 only.
            GC.Collect(2);
            
            // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
            Console.WriteLine("Generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol));
            Console.WriteLine("Total Memory: {0}", GC.GetTotalMemory(false));
            Console.Read();
        }

        void MakeSomeGarbage()
        {
            Version vt;

            for(int i = 0; i < maxGarbage; i++)
            {
                // Create objects and release them to fill up memory
        // with unused objects.
                vt = new Version();
            }
        }
    }
}

[C++] 
#using <mscorlib.dll>

using namespace System;

const long  maxGarbage = 1000;

__gc class MyGCCollectClass {
public:
   void MakeSomeGarbage() {
      Version* vt;
      for (int i = 0; i < maxGarbage; i++) {
         // Create objects and release them to fill up memory
         // with unused objects.
         vt = new Version();
      }
   }
};

int main() {
   MyGCCollectClass* myGCCol = new MyGCCollectClass();

   // Determine the maximum number of generations the system
   // garbage collector currently supports.
   Console::WriteLine(S"The highest generation is {0}", __box(GC::MaxGeneration));

   myGCCol->MakeSomeGarbage();

   // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
   Console::WriteLine(S"Generation: {0}", __box(GC::GetGeneration(myGCCol)));

   // Determine the best available approximation of the number
   // of bytes currently allocated in managed memory.
   Console::WriteLine(S"Total Memory: {0}", __box(GC::GetTotalMemory(false)));

   // Perform a collection of generation 0 only.
   GC::Collect(0);

   // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
   Console::WriteLine(S"Generation: {0}", __box(GC::GetGeneration(myGCCol)));

   Console::WriteLine(S"Total Memory: {0}", __box(GC::GetTotalMemory(false)));

   // Perform a collection of generation 2 only.
   GC::Collect(2);

   // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
   Console::WriteLine(S"Generation: {0}", __box(GC::GetGeneration(myGCCol)));
   Console::WriteLine(S"Total Memory: {0}", __box(GC::GetTotalMemory(false)));
}

[JScript] No example is available for JScript. To view a Visual Basic, C#, or C++ example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family, .NET Compact Framework

See Also

GC Class | GC Members | System Namespace

Show:
© 2014 Microsoft