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Process.StandardInput Property

Gets a stream used to write the input of the application.

Namespace: System.Diagnostics
Assembly: System (in system.dll)

public StreamWriter StandardInput { get; }
/** @property */
public StreamWriter get_StandardInput ()

public function get StandardInput () : StreamWriter

Property Value

A StreamWriter that can be used to write the standard input stream of the application.
Exception typeCondition

InvalidOperationException

The StandardInput stream has not been defined because ProcessStartInfo.RedirectStandardInput is set to false.

A Process can read input text from its standard input stream, typically the keyboard. By redirecting the StandardInput stream, you can programmatically specify the input. For example, instead of using keyboard input, you can provide text from the contents of a designated file or output from another application.

NoteNote

To use StandardInput, you must set ProcessStartInfo.UseShellExecute to false, and you must set ProcessStartInfo.RedirectStandardInput to true. Otherwise, writing to the StandardInput stream throws an exception.

The following example illustrates how to redirect the StandardInput stream of a process. The example starts the sort command with redirected input. It then prompts the user for text, and passes that to the sort process by means of the redirected StandardInput stream. The sort results are displayed to the user on the console.


using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.ComponentModel;

namespace Process_StandardInput_Sample
{
   class StandardInputTest
   {
      static void Main()
      {
         Console.WriteLine("Ready to sort one or more text lines...");

         // Start the Sort.exe process with redirected input.
         // Use the sort command to sort the input text.
         Process myProcess = new Process();
         
         myProcess.StartInfo.FileName = "Sort.exe";
         myProcess.StartInfo.UseShellExecute = false;
         myProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardInput = true;

         myProcess.Start();

         StreamWriter myStreamWriter = myProcess.StandardInput;

         // Prompt the user for input text lines to sort. 
         // Write each line to the StandardInput stream of
         // the sort command.
         String inputText;
         int numLines = 0;
         do 
         {
            Console.WriteLine("Enter a line of text (or press the Enter key to stop):");
            
            inputText = Console.ReadLine();
            if (inputText.Length > 0)
            {
               numLines ++;
               myStreamWriter.WriteLine(inputText);
            }
         } while (inputText.Length != 0);


         // Write a report header to the console.
         if (numLines > 0)
         {
            Console.WriteLine(" {0} sorted text line(s) ", numLines);
            Console.WriteLine("------------------------");
         }
         else 
         {
            Console.WriteLine(" No input was sorted");
         }

         // End the input stream to the sort command.
         // When the stream closes, the sort command
         // writes the sorted text lines to the 
         // console.
         myStreamWriter.Close();


         // Wait for the sort process to write the sorted text lines.
         myProcess.WaitForExit();
         myProcess.Close();
       
      }
   }
}

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0
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