Export (0) Print
Expand All

Process.HasExited Property

Gets a value indicating whether the associated process has been terminated.

[Visual Basic]
Public ReadOnly Property HasExited As Boolean
[C#]
public bool HasExited {get;}
[C++]
public: __property bool get_HasExited();
[JScript]
public function get HasExited() : Boolean;

Property Value

true if the operating system process referenced by the Process component has terminated; otherwise, false.

Exceptions

Exception Type Condition
InvalidOperationException There is no process associated with the object.
Win32Exception The exit code for the process could not be retrieved.

Remarks

A value of true for HasExited indicates that the associated process has terminated, either normally or abnormally. You can request or force the associated process to exit by calling CloseMainWindow or Kill. If a handle is open to the process, the operating system releases the process memory when the process has exited, but retains administrative information about the process, such as the handle, exit code, and exit time. To get this information, you can use the ExitCode and ExitTime properties. These properties are populated automatically for processes that were started by this component. The administrative information is released when all the Process components that are associated with the system process are destroyed and hold no more handles to the exited process.

A process can terminate independently of your code. If you started the process using this component, the system updates the value of HasExited automatically, even if the associated process exits independently.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The following example starts an instance of Notepad. It then retrieves the physical memory usage of the associated process at 2 second intervals for a maximum of 10 seconds. The example detects whether the process exits before 10 seconds have elapsed. The example closes the process if it is still running after 10 seconds.

[Visual Basic] 
Imports System
Imports System.Diagnostics
Imports System.Threading

Namespace Process_Sample
   Class MyProcessClass

      Public Shared Sub Main()
         Try

            Dim myProcess As Process
            myProcess = Process.Start("Notepad.exe")
            ' Display physical memory usage 5 times at intervals of 2 seconds.
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To 4
               If not myProcess.HasExited Then
               
                  ' Discard cached information about the process.
                  myProcess.Refresh()
                  ' Print working set to console.
                  Console.WriteLine("Physical Memory Usage: " + _
                                              myProcess.WorkingSet.ToString())
                  ' Wait 2 seconds.
                  Thread.Sleep(2000)
               Else 
                  Exit For
               End If
              
            Next i

           ' Close process by sending a close message to its main window.
           myProcess.CloseMainWindow()
           ' Free resources associated with process.
           myProcess.Close()

         Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("The following exception was raised: ")
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         End Try
      End Sub 'Main
   End Class 'MyProcessClass
End Namespace 'Process_Sample

[C#] 

using System;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Threading;

namespace Process_Sample
{
   class MyProcessClass
   {
      public static void Main()
      {
         try
         {
            Process myProcess;
            myProcess = Process.Start("Notepad.exe");
            // Display physical memory usage 5 times at intervals of 2 seconds.
            for (int i = 0;i < 5; i++)
            {
               if (!myProcess.HasExited)
               {
                   // Discard cached information about the process.
                   myProcess.Refresh();
                   // Print working set to console.
                   Console.WriteLine("Physical Memory Usage: " 
                                        + myProcess.WorkingSet.ToString());
                   // Wait 2 seconds.
                   Thread.Sleep(2000);
               }
               else {
                   break;
               } 
            }

            // Close process by sending a close message to its main window.
            myProcess.CloseMainWindow();
            // Free resources associated with process.
            myProcess.Close();

         }
         catch(Exception e)
         {
            Console.WriteLine("The following exception was raised: ");
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
         }
      }
   }
}

[C++] 
#using <mscorlib.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Diagnostics;
using namespace System::Threading;

int main() {
    try {
        Process* myProcess;
        myProcess = Process::Start("Notepad.exe");
        // Display physical memory usage 5 times at intervals of 2 seconds.
        for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {

            if (!myProcess->HasExited)
            {

               // Discard cached information about the process.
               myProcess->Refresh();
               // Print working set to console.
               Console::WriteLine(S"Physical Memory Usage : {0}", myProcess->WorkingSet.ToString());
               // Wait 2 seconds.
               Thread::Sleep(2000);
            }
            else {
               break;
            }
        }
        // Close process by sending a close message to its main window.
        myProcess->CloseMainWindow();
        // Free resources associated with process.
        myProcess->Close();

    } 
    catch (Exception* e) 
    {
       Console::WriteLine(S"The following exception was raised: ");
       Console::WriteLine(e->Message);
    }
}

[JScript] No example is available for JScript. To view a Visual Basic, C#, or C++ example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family

.NET Framework Security: 

See Also

Process Class | Process Members | System.Diagnostics Namespace | ExitCode | ExitTime | WaitForExit | EnableRaisingEvents | OnExited

Show:
© 2014 Microsoft