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Process::ErrorDataReceived Event

Occurs when an application writes to its redirected StandardError stream.

Namespace:  System.Diagnostics
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

[MonitoringDescriptionAttribute(L"ProcessAssociated")]
[BrowsableAttribute(true)]
public:
 event DataReceivedEventHandler^ ErrorDataReceived {
	void add (DataReceivedEventHandler^ value);
	void remove (DataReceivedEventHandler^ value);
}

The ErrorDataReceived event indicates that the associated process has written to its redirected StandardError stream.

The event only occurs during asynchronous read operations on StandardError. To start asynchronous read operations, you must redirect the StandardError stream of a Process, add your event handler to the ErrorDataReceived event, and call BeginErrorReadLine. Thereafter, the ErrorDataReceived event signals each time the process writes a line to the redirected StandardError stream, until the process exits or calls CancelErrorRead.

NoteNote

The application that is processing the asynchronous output should call the WaitForExit method to ensure that the output buffer has been flushed.

The following example uses the net view command to list the available network resources on a remote computer. The user supplies the target computer name as a command-line argument. The user can also supply a file name for error output. The example collects the output of the net command, waits for the process to finish, and then writes the output results to the console. If the user supplies the optional error file, the example writes errors to the file.

// Define the namespaces used by this sample.
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Globalization;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Diagnostics;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

ref class ProcessNetStreamRedirection
{
private:
   // Define static variables shared by class methods. 
   static StreamWriter^ streamError = nullptr;
   static String^ netErrorFile = "";
   static StringBuilder^ netOutput = nullptr;
   static bool errorRedirect = false;
   static bool errorsWritten = false;

public:
   static void RedirectNetCommandStreams()
   {
      String^ netArguments;
      Process^ netProcess;

      // Get the input computer name.
      Console::WriteLine( "Enter the computer name for the net view command:" );
      netArguments = Console::ReadLine()->ToUpper( CultureInfo::InvariantCulture );
      if ( String::IsNullOrEmpty( netArguments ) )
      {
         // Default to the help command if there is not an input argument.
         netArguments = "/?";
      }

      // Check if errors should be redirected to a file.
      errorsWritten = false;
      Console::WriteLine( "Enter a fully qualified path to an error log file" );
      Console::WriteLine( "  or just press Enter to write errors to console:" );
      netErrorFile = Console::ReadLine()->ToUpper( CultureInfo::InvariantCulture );
      if (  !String::IsNullOrEmpty( netErrorFile ) )
      {
         errorRedirect = true;
      }

      // Note that at this point, netArguments and netErrorFile 
      // are set with user input.  If the user did not specify 
      // an error file, then errorRedirect is set to false. 

      // Initialize the process and its StartInfo properties.
      netProcess = gcnew Process;
      netProcess->StartInfo->FileName = "Net.exe";

      // Build the net command argument list.
      netProcess->StartInfo->Arguments = String::Format( "view {0}", netArguments );

      // Set UseShellExecute to false for redirection.
      netProcess->StartInfo->UseShellExecute = false;

      // Redirect the standard output of the net command.   
      // This stream is read asynchronously using an event handler.
      netProcess->StartInfo->RedirectStandardOutput = true;
      netProcess->OutputDataReceived += gcnew DataReceivedEventHandler( NetOutputDataHandler );
      netOutput = gcnew StringBuilder;
      if ( errorRedirect )
      {

         // Redirect the error output of the net command. 
         netProcess->StartInfo->RedirectStandardError = true;
         netProcess->ErrorDataReceived += gcnew DataReceivedEventHandler( NetErrorDataHandler );
      }
      else
      {

         // Do not redirect the error output.
         netProcess->StartInfo->RedirectStandardError = false;
      }

      Console::WriteLine( "\nStarting process: net {0}",
         netProcess->StartInfo->Arguments );
      if ( errorRedirect )
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "Errors will be written to the file {0}", netErrorFile );
      }

      // Start the process.
      netProcess->Start();

      // Start the asynchronous read of the standard output stream.
      netProcess->BeginOutputReadLine();

      if ( errorRedirect )
      {
         // Start the asynchronous read of the standard 
         // error stream.
         netProcess->BeginErrorReadLine();
      }

      // Let the net command run, collecting the output.
      netProcess->WaitForExit();

      if ( streamError != nullptr )
      {
         // Close the error file.
         streamError->Close();
      }
      else
      {
         // Set errorsWritten to false if the stream is not 
         // open.   Either there are no errors, or the error 
         // file could not be opened.
         errorsWritten = false;
      }

      if ( netOutput->Length > 0 )
      {
         // If the process wrote more than just 
         // white space, write the output to the console.
         Console::WriteLine( "\nPublic network shares from net view:\n{0}\n",
            netOutput->ToString() );
      }

      if ( errorsWritten )
      {
         // Signal that the error file had something  
         // written to it. 
         array<String^>^errorOutput = File::ReadAllLines( netErrorFile );
         if ( errorOutput->Length > 0 )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( "\nThe following error output was appended to {0}.",
               netErrorFile );
            System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = errorOutput->GetEnumerator();
            while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
            {
               String^ errLine = safe_cast<String^>(myEnum->Current);
               Console::WriteLine( "  {0}", errLine );
            }
         }
         Console::WriteLine();
      }

      netProcess->Close();

   }

private:
   static void NetOutputDataHandler( Object^ /*sendingProcess*/,
      DataReceivedEventArgs^ outLine )
   {
      // Collect the net view command output. 
      if (  !String::IsNullOrEmpty( outLine->Data ) )
      {
         // Add the text to the collected output.
         netOutput->AppendFormat(  "\n  {0}", outLine->Data );
      }
   }

   static void NetErrorDataHandler( Object^ /*sendingProcess*/,
      DataReceivedEventArgs^ errLine )
   {
      // Write the error text to the file if there is something to  
      // write and an error file has been specified. 

      if (  !String::IsNullOrEmpty( errLine->Data ) )
      {
         if (  !errorsWritten )
         {
            if ( streamError == nullptr )
            {
               // Open the file. 
               try
               {
                  streamError = gcnew StreamWriter( netErrorFile,true );
               }
               catch ( Exception^ e ) 
               {
                  Console::WriteLine(  "Could not open error file!" );
                  Console::WriteLine( e->Message->ToString() );
               }
            }

            if ( streamError != nullptr )
            {
               // Write a header to the file if this is the first 
               // call to the error output handler.
               streamError->WriteLine();
               streamError->WriteLine( DateTime::Now.ToString() );
               streamError->WriteLine(  "Net View error output:" );
            }
            errorsWritten = true;
         }

         if ( streamError != nullptr )
         {
            // Write redirected errors to the file.
            streamError->WriteLine( errLine->Data );
            streamError->Flush();
         }
      }
   }
};

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

  • LinkDemand 

    for full trust for the immediate caller. This member cannot be used by partially trusted code.

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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