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EventInstance Class

Represents language-neutral information for an event log entry.

System.Object
  System.Diagnostics.EventInstance

Namespace:  System.Diagnostics
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

public class EventInstance

The EventInstance type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodEventInstance(Int64, Int32)Initializes a new instance of the EventInstance class using the specified resource identifiers for the localized message and category text of the event entry.
Public methodEventInstance(Int64, Int32, EventLogEntryType)Initializes a new instance of the EventInstance class using the specified resource identifiers for the localized message and category text of the event entry and the specified event log entry type.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyCategoryIdGets or sets the resource identifier that specifies the application-defined category of the event entry.
Public propertyEntryTypeGets or sets the event type of the event log entry.
Public propertyInstanceIdGets or sets the resource identifier that designates the message text of the event entry.
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  NameDescription
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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Use EventInstance to write an event log entry with a resource identifier rather than a string value. To write an event log entry, initialize the InstanceId property and pass the instance to the WriteEvent method. The Event Viewer uses the instance identifier to find and display the corresponding string from the localized resource file based on current language settings. You must register the event source with the corresponding resource file before you write events using resource identifiers.

When writing events, you can set the EntryType property to specify the icon that the Event Viewer displays for the entry. You can also specify a CategoryId property to specify the category that the Event Viewer displays for the entry.

The Event Viewer uses the category to filter events written by an event source. The Event Viewer can display the category as a numeric value, or it can use the category as a resource identifier to display a localized category string.

To display localized category strings in the Event Viewer, you must use an event source configured with a category resource file, and set the CategoryId to a resource identifier in the category resource file. If the event source does not have a configured category resource file, or the specified CategoryId does not index a string in the category resource file, and then the Event Viewer displays the numeric category value for that entry. Configure the category resource file, along with the number of category strings in the resource file, using the EventLogInstaller or the EventSourceCreationData class.

You must register a source for an event log before using EventInstance to write an event with the WriteEvent method. The source must be configured for writing localized entries to the log and the source must define at least a message resource file.

Create the new event source during the installation of your application. This allows time for the operating system to refresh its list of registered event sources and their configurations. If the operating system has not refreshed its list of event sources, and you attempt to write an event with the new source, the write operation will fail. You can configure a new source using an EventLogInstaller, or using the CreateEventSource method. You must have administrative rights on the computer to create a new event source.

For details about defining event messages and building event log resource files, see the "Message Compiler" topic in the Platform SDK documentation at http://msdn.microsoft.com.

Windows 98, Windows Millennium Edition Platform Note: Event logs are not supported on Windows 98/Windows Millennium Edition (Me).

The following code example writes an informational event entry, and then reuses the EventInstance to write an entry for a warning event to an existing event log. The event message text is specified using a resource identifier in a message resource file. The code example assumes that the corresponding message resource file has been registered for the source.


            // Ensure that the source has already been registered using 
            // EventLogInstaller or EventLog.CreateEventSource. 

            string sourceName = "SampleApplicationSource";
            if(EventLog.SourceExists(sourceName))
            {
                // Define an informational event with no category. 
                // The message identifier corresponds to the message text in the 
                // message resource file defined for the source.
                EventInstance myEvent = new EventInstance(UpdateCycleCompleteMsgId, 0);

                // Write the event to the event log using the registered source.
                EventLog.WriteEvent(sourceName, myEvent);

                // Reuse the event data instance for another event entry. 
                // Set the entry category and message identifiers for 
                // the appropriate resource identifiers in the resource files 
                // for the registered source.  Set the event type to Warning.

                myEvent.CategoryId = RefreshCategoryMsgId;
                myEvent.EntryType = EventLogEntryType.Warning;
                myEvent.InstanceId = ServerConnectionDownMsgId;

                // Write the event to the event log using the registered source. 
                // Insert the machine name into the event message text.
                EventLog.WriteEvent(sourceName, myEvent, Environment.MachineName);
            }
            else 
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Warning - event source {0} not registered", 
                    sourceName);
            }

The code example uses the following message text file, built into the resource library EventLogMsgs.dll. A message text file is the source from which the message resource file is created. The message text file defines the resource identifiers and text for the category, event message, and parameter insertion strings.

; // EventLogMsgs.mc
; // ********************************************************

; // Use the following commands to build this file:

; //   mc -s EventLogMsgs.mc
; //   rc EventLogMsgs.rc
; //   link /DLL /SUBSYSTEM:WINDOWS /NOENTRY /MACHINE:x86 EventLogMsgs.Res 
; // ********************************************************

; // - Event categories -
; // Categories must be numbered consecutively starting at 1.
; // ********************************************************

MessageId=0x1
Severity=Success
SymbolicName=INSTALL_CATEGORY
Language=English
Installation
.

MessageId=0x2
Severity=Success
SymbolicName=QUERY_CATEGORY
Language=English
Database Query
.

MessageId=0x3
Severity=Success
SymbolicName=REFRESH_CATEGORY
Language=English
Data Refresh
.

; // - Event messages -
; // *********************************

MessageId = 1000
Severity = Success
Facility = Application
SymbolicName = AUDIT_SUCCESS_MESSAGE_ID_1000
Language=English
My application message text, in English, for message id 1000, called from %1.
.

MessageId = 1001
Severity = Warning
Facility = Application
SymbolicName = AUDIT_FAILED_MESSAGE_ID_1001
Language=English
My application message text, in English, for message id 1001, called from %1.
.


MessageId = 1002
Severity = Success
Facility = Application
SymbolicName = GENERIC_INFO_MESSAGE_ID_1002
Language=English
My generic information message in English, for message id 1002.
.


MessageId = 1003
Severity = Warning
Facility = Application
SymbolicName = GENERIC_WARNING_MESSAGE_ID_1003
Language=English
My generic warning message in English, for message id 1003, called from %1.
.


MessageId = 1004
Severity = Success
Facility = Application
SymbolicName = UPDATE_CYCLE_COMPLETE_MESSAGE_ID_1004
Language=English
The update cycle is complete for %%5002.
.


MessageId = 1005
Severity = Warning
Facility = Application
SymbolicName = SERVER_CONNECTION_DOWN_MESSAGE_ID_1005
Language=English
The refresh operation did not complete because the connection to server %1 could not be established.
.


; // - Event log display name -
; // ********************************************************


MessageId = 5001
Severity = Success
Facility = Application
SymbolicName = EVENT_LOG_DISPLAY_NAME_MSGID
Language=English
Sample Event Log
.



; // - Event message parameters -
; //   Language independent insertion strings
; // ********************************************************


MessageId = 5002
Severity = Success
Facility = Application
SymbolicName = EVENT_LOG_SERVICE_NAME_MSGID
Language=English
SVC_UPDATE.EXE
.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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