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DateTime.ToUniversalTime Method

Converts the value of the current DateTime object to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

'Declaration
Public Function ToUniversalTime As DateTime

Return Value

Type: System.DateTime
An object whose Kind property is Utc, and whose value is one of the following: the UTC equivalent of the current DateTime value, or DateTime.MaxValue if the converted value is too large to be represented by a DateTime object, or DateTime.MinValue if the converted value is too small to be represented by a DateTime object.

The Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is equal to the local time minus the UTC offset. The conversion also takes into account the daylight saving time rule that applies to the time represented by the current DateTime object.

Important noteImportant Note:

The ToUniversalTime method recognizes only the current adjustment rule when converting from local time to UTC. As a result, conversions for periods before the current adjustment rule came into effect may not accurately reflect the difference between local time and UTC.

The value returned by the ToUniversalTime method is determined by the Kind property of the current DateTime object. The following table describes the possible results.

Kind

Results

Utc

No conversion is performed.

Local

The current DateTime object is converted to UTC.

Unspecified

The current DateTime object is assumed to be a local time, and the conversion is performed as if Kind were Local.

NoteNote:

The ToUniversalTime method converts a DateTime value from local time to UTC. To convert a time whose offset from UTC is known, use the ToUniversalTime method.

If the date and time instance value is an ambiguous time, this method assumes that it is a standard time. (An ambiguous time is one that can map either to a standard time or to a daylight saving time in the local time zone) If the date and time instance value is an invalid time, this method simply subtracts the local time from the local time zone's UTC offset to return UTC. (An invalid time is one that does not exist because of the application of daylight saving time adjustment rules.)

Notes to Callers

The ToUniversalTime method is sometimes used to convert a local time to UTC, and subsequently to restore it by calling the ToLocalTime method. However, if the original time represents an invalid time in the local time zone, the two local time values will not be equal. For additional information and an example, see the ToLocalTime method.

The following example demonstrates the ToUniversalTime method.


outputBlock.Text += "Enter a date and time." + vbCrLf
Dim strDateTime As String
strDateTime = System.Console.ReadLine()

Dim localDateTime As System.DateTime
Try
   localDateTime = System.DateTime.Parse(strDateTime)
Catch exp As System.FormatException
   outputBlock.Text += "Invalid format." + vbCrLf
End Try

Dim univDateTime As System.DateTime
univDateTime = localDateTime.ToUniversalTime()

outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0} local time is {1} universal time.", _
                           localDateTime, _
                           univDateTime) + vbCrLf

outputBlock.Text += String.Format("Enter a date and time in universal time.") + vbCrLf
strDateTime = System.Console.ReadLine()

Try
   univDateTime = System.DateTime.Parse(strDateTime)
Catch exp As System.FormatException
   outputBlock.Text += "Invalid format." + vbCrLf
End Try

localDateTime = univDateTime.ToLocalTime()

outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0} universal time is {1} local time.", _
                           univDateTime, _
                           localDateTime) + vbCrLf


The following example uses the SpecifyKind method to demonstrate how the Kind property influences the ToLocalTime and ToUniversalTime conversion methods.



' This code example demonstrates the DateTime Kind, Now, and
' UtcNow properties, and the SpecifyKind(), ToLocalTime(), 
' and ToUniversalTime() methods.

Class Example
   Public Shared Sub Demo(ByVal outputBlock As System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock)
      ' Get the date and time for the current moment, adjusted 
      ' to the local time zone.
      Dim saveNow As DateTime = DateTime.Now

      ' Get the date and time for the current moment expressed 
      ' as coordinated universal time (UTC).
      Dim saveUtcNow As DateTime = DateTime.UtcNow
      Dim myDt As DateTime

      ' Display the value and Kind property of the current moment 
      ' expressed as UTC and local time.
      DisplayNow(outputBlock, "UtcNow: ..........", saveUtcNow)
      DisplayNow(outputBlock, "Now: .............", saveNow)
      outputBlock.Text &= vbCrLf

      ' Change the Kind property of the current moment to 
      ' DateTimeKind.Utc and display the result.
      myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Utc)
      Display(outputBlock, "Utc: .............", myDt)

      ' Change the Kind property of the current moment to 
      ' DateTimeKind.Local and display the result.
      myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Local)
      Display(outputBlock, "Local: ...........", myDt)

      ' Change the Kind property of the current moment to 
      ' DateTimeKind.Unspecified and display the result.
      myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Unspecified)
      Display(outputBlock, "Unspecified: .....", myDt)
   End Sub 'Main

   ' Display the value and Kind property of a DateTime structure, the 
   ' DateTime structure converted to local time, and the DateTime 
   ' structure converted to universal time. 

   Public Shared datePatt As String = "M/d/yyyy hh:mm:ss tt"

   Public Shared Sub Display(ByVal outputBlock As System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock, ByVal title As String, ByVal inputDt As DateTime)
      Dim dispDt As DateTime = inputDt
      Dim dtString As String

      ' Display the original DateTime.
      dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt)
      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0} {1}, Kind = {2}", title, dtString, dispDt.Kind) & vbCrLf

      ' Convert inputDt to local time and display the result. 
      ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is performed.
      ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is not performed.
      ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is 
      ' performed as if inputDt was universal time.
      dispDt = inputDt.ToLocalTime()
      dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt)
      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("  ToLocalTime:     {0}, Kind = {1}", dtString, dispDt.Kind) & vbCrLf

      ' Convert inputDt to universal time and display the result. 
      ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is not performed.
      ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is performed.
      ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is 
      ' performed as if inputDt was local time.
      dispDt = inputDt.ToUniversalTime()
      dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt)
      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("  ToUniversalTime: {0}, Kind = {1}", dtString, dispDt.Kind) & vbCrLf
      outputBlock.Text &= vbCrLf
   End Sub 'Display


   ' Display the value and Kind property for DateTime.Now and DateTime.UtcNow.

   Public Shared Sub DisplayNow(ByVal outputBlock As System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock, ByVal title As String, ByVal inputDt As DateTime)
      Dim dtString As String = inputDt.ToString(datePatt)
      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0} {1}, Kind = {2}", title, dtString, inputDt.Kind) & vbCrLf
   End Sub 'DisplayNow
End Class 'Sample

'
'This code example produces the following results:
'
'UtcNow: .......... 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'Now: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
'
'Utc: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
'  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'
'Local: ........... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
'  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
'  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'
'Unspecified: ..... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Unspecified
'  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
'  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'


Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: Xbox 360, Windows Phone OS 7.0

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.

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