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SqlDataAdapter.UpdateCommand Property

Gets or sets a Transact-SQL statement or stored procedure used to update records in the data source.

Namespace:  System.Data.SqlClient
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

public SqlCommand UpdateCommand { get; set; }

Property Value

Type: System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand
A SqlCommand used during Update to update records in the database that correspond to modified rows in the DataSet.

During Update, if this property is not set and primary key information is present in the DataSet, the UpdateCommand can be generated automatically if you set the SelectCommand property and use the SqlCommandBuilder. Then, any additional commands that you do not set are generated by the SqlCommandBuilder. This generation logic requires key column information to be present in the DataSet. For more information, see Generating Commands with CommandBuilders.

When UpdateCommand is assigned to a previously created SqlCommand, the SqlCommand is not cloned. The UpdateCommand maintains a reference to the previously created SqlCommand object.

NoteNote

If execution of this command returns rows, the updated rows may be merged with the DataSet depending on how you set the UpdatedRowSource property of the SqlCommand object.

For every column that you propagate to the data source on Update, a parameter should be added to InsertCommand, UpdateCommand, or DeleteCommand.

The SourceColumn property of the parameter should be set to the name of the column. This indicates that the value of the parameter is not set manually, but taken from the particular column in the currently processed row.

The following example creates a SqlDataAdapter and sets the SelectCommand, InsertCommand, UpdateCommand and DeleteCommand properties. It assumes you have already created a SqlConnection object.

public static SqlDataAdapter CreateCustomerAdapter(
    SqlConnection connection)
{
    SqlDataAdapter adapter = new SqlDataAdapter();

    // Create the SelectCommand.
    SqlCommand command = new SqlCommand("SELECT * FROM Customers " +
        "WHERE Country = @Country AND City = @City", connection);

    // Add the parameters for the SelectCommand.
    command.Parameters.Add("@Country", SqlDbType.NVarChar, 15);
    command.Parameters.Add("@City", SqlDbType.NVarChar, 15);

    adapter.SelectCommand = command;

    // Create the InsertCommand.
    command = new SqlCommand(
        "INSERT INTO Customers (CustomerID, CompanyName) " +
        "VALUES (@CustomerID, @CompanyName)", connection);

    // Add the parameters for the InsertCommand.
    command.Parameters.Add("@CustomerID", SqlDbType.NChar, 5, "CustomerID");
    command.Parameters.Add("@CompanyName", SqlDbType.NVarChar, 40, "CompanyName");

    adapter.InsertCommand = command;

    // Create the UpdateCommand.
    command = new SqlCommand(
        "UPDATE Customers SET CustomerID = @CustomerID, CompanyName = @CompanyName " +
        "WHERE CustomerID = @oldCustomerID", connection);

    // Add the parameters for the UpdateCommand.
    command.Parameters.Add("@CustomerID", SqlDbType.NChar, 5, "CustomerID");
    command.Parameters.Add("@CompanyName", SqlDbType.NVarChar, 40, "CompanyName");
    SqlParameter parameter = command.Parameters.Add(
        "@oldCustomerID", SqlDbType.NChar, 5, "CustomerID");
    parameter.SourceVersion = DataRowVersion.Original;

    adapter.UpdateCommand = command;

    // Create the DeleteCommand.
    command = new SqlCommand(
        "DELETE FROM Customers WHERE CustomerID = @CustomerID", connection);

    // Add the parameters for the DeleteCommand.
    parameter = command.Parameters.Add(
        "@CustomerID", SqlDbType.NChar, 5, "CustomerID");
    parameter.SourceVersion = DataRowVersion.Original;

    adapter.DeleteCommand = command;

    return adapter;
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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