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SqlConnection.Close Method

Closes the connection to the database. This is the preferred method of closing any open connection.

Namespace:  System.Data.SqlClient
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

public override void Close()

Implements

IDbConnection.Close()

ExceptionCondition
SqlException

The connection-level error that occurred while opening the connection.

The Close method rolls back any pending transactions. It then releases the connection to the connection pool, or closes the connection if connection pooling is disabled.

NoteNote

Pending transactions started using Transact-SQL or BeginTransaction are automatically rolled back when the connection is reset if connection pooling is enabled. If connection pooling is off, the transaction is rolled back after SqlConnection.Close is called. Transactions started through System.Transactions are controlled through the System.Transactions infrastructure, and are not affected by SqlConnection.Close.

An application can call Close more than one time. No exception is generated.

If the SqlConnection goes out of scope, it won't be closed. Therefore, you must explicitly close the connection by calling Close or Dispose. Close and Dispose are functionally equivalent. If the connection pooling value Pooling is set to true or yes, the underlying connection is returned back to the connection pool. On the other hand, if Pooling is set to false or no, the underlying connection to the server is closed.

NoteNote

Login and logout events will not be raised on the server when a connection is fetched from or returned to the connection pool, because the connection is not actually closed when it is returned to the connection pool. For more information, see SQL Server Connection Pooling (ADO.NET).

Caution noteCaution

Do not call Close or Dispose on a Connection, a DataReader, or any other managed object in the Finalize method of your class. In a finalizer, you should only release unmanaged resources that your class owns directly. If your class does not own any unmanaged resources, do not include a Finalize method in your class definition. For more information, see Garbage Collection.

The following example creates a SqlConnection, opens it, displays some of its properties. The connection is automatically closed at the end of the using block.

private static void OpenSqlConnection(string connectionString)
{
    using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
    {
        connection.Open();
        Console.WriteLine("ServerVersion: {0}", connection.ServerVersion);
        Console.WriteLine("State: {0}", connection.State);
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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