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SqlCommand.Prepare Method

Creates a prepared version of the command on an instance of SQL Server.

Namespace:  System.Data.SqlClient
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

public override void Prepare()

Implements

IDbCommand.Prepare()

ExceptionCondition
InvalidOperationException

The Connection is not set.

-or-

The Connection is not Open.

If CommandType is set to StoredProcedure, the call to Prepare should succeed, although it may cause a no-op.

Before you call Prepare, specify the data type of each parameter in the statement to be prepared. For each parameter that has a variable length data type, you must set the Size property to the maximum size needed. Prepare returns an error if these conditions are not met.

NoteNote:

If the database context is changed by executing the Transact-SQL USE <database> statement, or by calling the ChangeDatabase method, then Prepare must be called a second time.

If you call an Execute method after calling Prepare, any parameter value that is larger than the value specified by the Size property is automatically truncated to the original specified size of the parameter, and no truncation errors are returned.

Output parameters (whether prepared or not) must have a user-specified data type. If you specify a variable length data type, you must also specify the maximum Size.

The following example demonstrates the use of the Prepare method.

private static void SqlCommandPrepareEx(string connectionString)
{
    using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
    {
        connection.Open();
        SqlCommand command = new SqlCommand(null, connection);

        // Create and prepare an SQL statement.
        command.CommandText =
            "INSERT INTO Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) " +
            "VALUES (@id, @desc)";
        SqlParameter idParam = new SqlParameter("@id", SqlDbType.Int, 0);
        SqlParameter descParam = 
            new SqlParameter("@desc", SqlDbType.Text, 100);
        idParam.Value = 20;
        descParam.Value = "First Region";
        command.Parameters.Add(idParam);
        command.Parameters.Add(descParam);

        // Call Prepare after setting the Commandtext and Parameters.
        command.Prepare();
        command.ExecuteNonQuery();

        // Change parameter values and call ExecuteNonQuery.
        command.Parameters[0].Value = 21;
        command.Parameters[1].Value = "Second Region";
        command.ExecuteNonQuery();
    }
}

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0

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