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SqlCommand::ExecuteNonQuery Method

Executes a Transact-SQL statement against the connection and returns the number of rows affected.

Namespace:  System.Data.SqlClient
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

public:
virtual int ExecuteNonQuery() override

Return Value

Type: System::Int32
The number of rows affected.

Implements

IDbCommand::ExecuteNonQuery()

ExceptionCondition
InvalidCastException

A SqlDbType other than Binary or VarBinary was used when Value was set to Stream. For more information about streaming, see SqlClient Streaming Support.

A SqlDbType other than Char, NChar, NVarChar, VarChar, or Xml was used when Value was set to TextReader.

A SqlDbType other than Xml was used when Value was set to XmlReader.

SqlException

An exception occurred while executing the command against a locked row. This exception is not generated when you are using Microsoft .NET Framework version 1.0.

A timeout occurred during a streaming operation. For more information about streaming, see SqlClient Streaming Support.

IOException

An error occurred in a Stream, XmlReader or TextReader object during a streaming operation. For more information about streaming, see SqlClient Streaming Support.

InvalidOperationException

The SqlConnection closed or dropped during a streaming operation. For more information about streaming, see SqlClient Streaming Support.

ObjectDisposedException

The Stream, XmlReader or TextReader object was closed during a streaming operation. For more information about streaming, see SqlClient Streaming Support.

You can use the ExecuteNonQuery to perform catalog operations (for example, querying the structure of a database or creating database objects such as tables), or to change the data in a database without using a DataSet by executing UPDATE, INSERT, or DELETE statements.

Although the ExecuteNonQuery returns no rows, any output parameters or return values mapped to parameters are populated with data.

For UPDATE, INSERT, and DELETE statements, the return value is the number of rows affected by the command. When a trigger exists on a table being inserted or updated, the return value includes the number of rows affected by both the insert or update operation and the number of rows affected by the trigger or triggers. For all other types of statements, the return value is -1. If a rollback occurs, the return value is also -1.

The following example creates a SqlCommand and then executes it using ExecuteNonQuery. The example is passed a string that is a Transact-SQL statement (such as UPDATE, INSERT, or DELETE) and a string to use to connect to the data source.

No code example is currently available or this language may not be supported.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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