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OleDbException Class

The exception that is thrown when the underlying provider returns a warning or error for an OLE DB data source. This class cannot be inherited.

Namespace:  System.Data.OleDb
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

[SerializableAttribute]
public sealed class OleDbException : DbException

The OleDbException type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public propertyDataGets a collection of key/value pairs that provide additional user-defined information about the exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertyErrorCodeGets the HRESULT of the error. (Overrides ExternalException.ErrorCode.)
Public propertyErrorsGets a collection of one or more OleDbError objects that give detailed information about exceptions generated by the .NET Framework Data Provider for OLE DB.
Public propertyHelpLinkGets or sets a link to the help file associated with this exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Protected propertyHResultGets or sets HRESULT, a coded numerical value that is assigned to a specific exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertyInnerExceptionGets the Exception instance that caused the current exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertyMessageGets a message that describes the current exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertySourceGets or sets the name of the application or the object that causes the error. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertyStackTraceGets a string representation of the immediate frames on the call stack. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertyTargetSiteGets the method that throws the current exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified Object is equal to the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetBaseExceptionWhen overridden in a derived class, returns the Exception that is the root cause of one or more subsequent exceptions. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as a hash function for a particular type. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetObjectDataThis member overrides GetObjectData. (Overrides Exception.GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext).)
Public methodGetTypeGets the runtime type of the current instance. (Inherited from Exception.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that contains the HRESULT of the error. (Inherited from ExternalException.)
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  NameDescription
Protected eventSerializeObjectStateOccurs when an exception is serialized to create an exception state object that contains serialized data about the exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
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This class is created whenever the .NET Framework Data Provider for OLE DB encounters an error generated from the server. (Client side errors are thrown as standard common language runtime exceptions.) OleDbException always contains at least one instance of OleDbError.

If the severity of the error is too great, the server may close the OleDbConnection. However, the user can reopen the connection and continue.

For general information about handling exceptions for a .NET Framework data provider, see SqlException.

The following example generates an OleDbException because of a missing data source, and then displays the exception.


public void ShowOleDbException() 
{
   string mySelectQuery = "SELECT column1 FROM table1";
   OleDbConnection myConnection =
      new OleDbConnection("Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;DataSource=");
   OleDbCommand myCommand = new OleDbCommand(mySelectQuery,myConnection);

   try 
   {
      myCommand.Connection.Open();
   }
   catch (OleDbException e) 
   {
     string errorMessages = "";

     for (int i=0; i < e.Errors.Count; i++)
     {
         errorMessages += "Index #" + i + "\n" +
                          "Message: " + e.Errors[i].Message + "\n" +
                          "NativeError: " + e.Errors[i].NativeError + "\n" +
                          "Source: " + e.Errors[i].Source + "\n" +
                          "SQLState: " + e.Errors[i].SQLState + "\n";
     }

     System.Diagnostics.EventLog log = new System.Diagnostics.EventLog();
     log.Source = "My Application";
     log.WriteEntry(errorMessages);
     Console.WriteLine("An exception occurred. Please contact your system administrator.");
   }
}


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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