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OleDbCommand.Prepare Method

Creates a prepared (or compiled) version of the command on the data source.

Namespace:  System.Data.OleDb
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

'Declaration
Public Overrides Sub Prepare

Implements

IDbCommand.Prepare

ExceptionCondition
InvalidOperationException

The Connection is not set.

-or-

The Connection is not open.

If the CommandType property is set to TableDirect, Prepare does nothing. If CommandType is set to StoredProcedure, the call to Prepare should succeed, although it may cause a no-op.

Before you call Prepare, specify the data type of each parameter in the statement to be prepared. For each parameter that has a variable length data type, you must set the Size property to the maximum size needed. Prepare returns an error if these conditions are not met.

If you call an Execute method after you call Prepare, any parameter value that is larger than the value specified by the Size property is automatically truncated to the original specified size of the parameter, and no truncation errors are returned.

Output parameters (whether prepared or not) must have a user-specified data type. If you specify a variable length data type, you must also specify the maximum Size.

The following example creates an OleDbCommand and opens the connection. The example then prepares a stored procedure on the data source by passing a string that is an SQL SELECT statement and a string to use to connect to the data source.

Public Sub OleDbCommandPrepare(ByVal connectionString As String)

    Using connection As OleDbConnection = New _
        OleDbConnection(connectionString)
        connection.Open()

        ' Create the Command. 
        Dim command As OleDbCommand = New OleDbCommand()

        ' Set the Connection, CommandText and Parameters.
        command.Connection = connection
        command.CommandText = _
          "INSERT INTO dbo.Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (?, ?);"
        command.Parameters.Add("RegionID", OleDbType.Integer, 4)
        command.Parameters.Add("RegionDescription", OleDbType.VarWChar, 50)
        command.Parameters(0).Value = 20
        command.Parameters(1).Value = "First Region" 

        ' Call  Prepare and ExecuteNonQuery.
        command.Prepare()
        command.ExecuteNonQuery()

        ' Change parameter values and call ExecuteNonQuery.
        command.Parameters(0).Value = 21
        command.Parameters(1).Value = "Second Region"
        command.ExecuteNonQuery()
    End Using 
End Sub

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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