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OleDbCommand.Prepare Method

Creates a prepared (or compiled) version of the command on the data source.

Namespace: System.Data.OleDb
Assembly: System.Data (in system.data.dll)

public override void Prepare ()
public void Prepare ()
public override function Prepare ()

Exception typeCondition

InvalidOperationException

The Connection is not set.

-or-

The Connection is not open.

If the CommandType property is set to TableDirect, Prepare does nothing. If CommandType is set to StoredProcedure, the call to Prepare should succeed, although it may cause a no-op.

Before you call Prepare, specify the data type of each parameter in the statement to be prepared. For each parameter that has a variable length data type, you must set the Size property to the maximum size needed. Prepare returns an error if these conditions are not met.

If you call an Execute method after you call Prepare, any parameter value that is larger than the value specified by the Size property is automatically truncated to the original specified size of the parameter, and no truncation errors are returned.

Output parameters (whether prepared or not) must have a user-specified data type. If you specify a variable length data type, you must also specify the maximum Size.

The following example creates an OleDbCommand and opens the connection. The example then prepares a stored procedure on the data source by passing a string that is an SQL SELECT statement and a string to use to connect to the data source.

private static void OleDbCommandPrepare(string connectionString)
{
    using (OleDbConnection connection = new
               OleDbConnection(connectionString))
    {
        connection.Open();

        // Create the Command.
        OleDbCommand command = new OleDbCommand();

        // Set the Connection, CommandText and Parameters.
        command.Connection = connection;
        command.CommandText =
            "INSERT INTO dbo.Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (?, ?)";
        command.Parameters.Add("RegionID", OleDbType.Integer, 4);
        command.Parameters.Add("RegionDescription", OleDbType.VarWChar, 50);
        command.Parameters[0].Value = 20;
        command.Parameters[1].Value = "First Region";

        // Call  Prepare and ExecuteNonQuery.
        command.Prepare();
        command.ExecuteNonQuery();

        // Change parameter values and call ExecuteNonQuery.
        command.Parameters[0].Value = 21;
        command.Parameters[1].Value = "SecondRegion";
        command.ExecuteNonQuery();
    


Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

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