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OdbcTransaction.Rollback Method

Rolls back a transaction from a pending state.

Namespace:  System.Data.Odbc
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

public override void Rollback()

Implements

IDbTransaction.Rollback()

ExceptionCondition
Exception

An error occurred while trying to commit the transaction.

InvalidOperationException

The transaction has already been committed or rolled back.

-or-

The connection is broken.

The transaction can be rolled back only from a pending state (after BeginTransaction has been called, but before Commit is called). The transaction will be rolled back in the event it is disposed before Commit or Rollback is called.

The following example creates an OdbcConnection and an OdbcTransaction. It also demonstrates how to use the BeginTransaction, Commit, and Rollback methods.

public static void ExecuteTransaction(string connectionString)
{
    using (OdbcConnection connection =
               new OdbcConnection(connectionString))
    {
        OdbcCommand command = new OdbcCommand();
        OdbcTransaction transaction = null;

        // Set the Connection to the new OdbcConnection.
        command.Connection = connection;

        // Open the connection and execute the transaction. 
        try
        {
            connection.Open();

            // Start a local transaction
            transaction = connection.BeginTransaction();

            // Assign transaction object for a pending local transaction.
            command.Connection = connection;
            command.Transaction = transaction;

            // Execute the commands.
            command.CommandText =
                "Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (100, 'Description')";
            command.ExecuteNonQuery();
            command.CommandText =
                "Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (101, 'Description')";
            command.ExecuteNonQuery();

            // Commit the transaction.
            transaction.Commit();
            Console.WriteLine("Both records are written to database.");
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
            try
            {
                // Attempt to roll back the transaction.
                transaction.Rollback();
            }
            catch
            {
                // Do nothing here; transaction is not active.
            }
        }
        // The connection is automatically closed when the 
        // code exits the using block.
    }

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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