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OdbcException Class

The exception that is generated when a warning or error is returned by an ODBC data source. This class cannot be inherited.

Namespace:  System.Data.Odbc
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

[SerializableAttribute]
public sealed class OdbcException : DbException

The OdbcException type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public propertyDataGets a collection of key/value pairs that provide additional user-defined information about the exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertyErrorCodeGets the HRESULT of the error. (Inherited from ExternalException.)
Public propertyErrorsGets a collection of one or more OdbcError objects that give detailed information about exceptions generated by the .NET Framework Data Provider for ODBC.
Public propertyHelpLinkGets or sets a link to the help file associated with this exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertyHResultGets or sets HRESULT, a coded numerical value that is assigned to a specific exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertyInnerExceptionGets the Exception instance that caused the current exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertyMessageGets a message that describes the current exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertySourceGets the name of the ODBC driver that generated the error. (Overrides Exception.Source.)
Public propertyStackTraceGets a string representation of the immediate frames on the call stack. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertyTargetSiteGets the method that throws the current exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetBaseExceptionWhen overridden in a derived class, returns the Exception that is the root cause of one or more subsequent exceptions. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetObjectDataThis member overrides GetObjectData. (Overrides Exception.GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext).)
Public methodGetTypeGets the runtime type of the current instance. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that contains the HRESULT of the error. (Inherited from ExternalException.)
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This class is created whenever the OdbcDataAdapter encounters an error generated by the server (Client-side errors are raised as standard common language runtime exceptions.). It always contains at least one instance of OdbcError.

If the severity of the error is too great, the server may close the OdbcConnection. However, the user can reopen the connection and continue.

For general information about handling exceptions for a .NET Framework data provider, see SqlException.

The following example generates an OdbcException because of a missing data source, and then displays the exception.

public void ShowOdbcException() 
{
   string mySelectQuery = "SELECT column1 FROM table1";
   OdbcConnection myConnection =
      new OdbcConnection("DRIVER={SQL Server};SERVER=MyServer;Trusted_connection=yes;DATABASE=northwind;");
   OdbcCommand myCommand = new OdbcCommand(mySelectQuery,myConnection);
   try 
   {
      myCommand.Connection.Open();
   }
   catch (OdbcException e) 
   {
     string errorMessages = "";

     for (int i=0; i < e.Errors.Count; i++)
     {
         errorMessages += "Index #" + i + "\n" +
                          "Message: " + e.Errors[i].Message + "\n" +
                          "NativeError: " + e.Errors[i].NativeError.ToString() + "\n" +
                          "Source: " + e.Errors[i].Source + "\n" +
                          "SQL: " + e.Errors[i].SQLState + "\n";
     }

     System.Diagnostics.EventLog log = new System.Diagnostics.EventLog();
     log.Source = "My Application";
     log.WriteEntry(errorMessages);
     Console.WriteLine("An exception occurred. Please contact your system administrator.");
   }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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