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InheritanceMappingAttribute Class

Maps an inheritance hierarchy in a LINQ to SQL application.

System.Object
  System.Attribute
    System.Data.Linq.Mapping.InheritanceMappingAttribute

Namespace:  System.Data.Linq.Mapping
Assembly:  System.Data.Linq (in System.Data.Linq.dll)
[AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets.Class, AllowMultiple = true, Inherited = false)]
public sealed class InheritanceMappingAttribute : Attribute

The InheritanceMappingAttribute type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodInheritanceMappingAttributeInitializes a new instance of the InheritanceMappingAttribute class.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyCodeGets or sets the discriminator code value in a mapped inheritance hierarchy.
Public propertyIsDefaultGets or sets whether an object of this type in instantiated when the discriminator value does not match a specified value.
Public propertyTypeGets or sets the type of the class in the hierarchy.
Public propertyTypeIdWhen implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute. (Inherited from Attribute.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodEqualsInfrastructure. Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodGetHashCodeReturns the hash code for this instance. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodIsDefaultAttributeWhen overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodMatchWhen overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetIDsOfNamesMaps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoRetrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCountRetrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1). (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.InvokeProvides access to properties and methods exposed by an object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
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One InheritanceMappingAttribute is specified per mapped class.

Note the following when you map inheritance hierarchies:

  • All classes in a hierarchy must be mapped to a single table.

  • The table for an inheritance hierarchy must be declared on the mapped type that is at the top of the hierarchy. You cannot specify the table or mapping attributes in a class that is derived from the top class.

  • You can use an interface in a hierarchy, but LINQ does not map it.

  • You can skip a class in the hierarchy when you map classes, but you can query against mapped classes only.

For correct materialization, discriminator code values must be unique and match the values in the database. A row with a discriminator code value that does not exactly match (even by casing) instantiates the class by using IsDefault set to true.

This example shows inheritance mapping for a hierarchy where the top, mapped class (Shape) is abstract.

public enum ShapeType
{
    Square = 0, Circle = 1
}
[Table(Name = "Shape")]
[InheritanceMapping(Code = ShapeType.Square, Type = typeof(Square),
    IsDefault = true)]
[InheritanceMapping(Code = ShapeType.Circle, Type = typeof(Circle))]

abstract public class Shape
{
    [Column(IsDiscriminator = true)]
    public ShapeType ShapeType = 0;
}

public class Square : Shape
{
    [Column]
    public int Side = 0;
}
public class Circle : Shape
{
    [Column]
    public int Radius = 0;
}

The following example shows the inclusion of unmapped classes. You can put unmapped classes anywhere in the hierarchy.

// Unmapped and not queryable. 
class A {  }

// Mapped and queryable.
[Table]
[InheritanceMapping(Code = "B", Type = typeof(B), 
IsDefault = true)]
[InheritanceMapping(Code = "D", Type = typeof(D))]
class B: A {  }

// Unmapped and not queryable. 
class C: B {  }

// Mapped and queryable. 
class D: C {  }

// Unmapped and not queryable. 
class E: D {  }

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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