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DataTable.Compute Method

Computes the given expression on the current rows that pass the filter criteria.

Namespace:  System.Data
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

public Object Compute(
	string expression,
	string filter
)

Parameters

expression
Type: System.String

The expression to compute.

filter
Type: System.String

The filter to limit the rows that evaluate in the expression.

Return Value

Type: System.Object
An Object, set to the result of the computation. If the expression evaluates to null, the return value will be DBNull.Value.

The expression parameter requires an aggregate function. For example, the following is a legal expression:

Count(Quantity)

But this expression is not:

Sum (Quantity * UnitPrice)

If you must perform an operation on two or more columns, you should create a DataColumn, set its Expression property to an appropriate expression, and use an aggregate expression on the resulting column. In that case, given a DataColumn with the name "total", and the Expression property set to this:

"Quantity * UnitPrice"

The expression argument for the Compute method would then be this:

Sum(total)

The second parameter, filter, determines which rows are used in the expression. For example, if the table contains a date column named "colDate", you could limit the rows with the following expression:

colDate > 1/1/99 AND colDate < 17/1/99

For rules on creating expressions for both parameters, see the DataColumn.Expression property.

The following example sums the values of a column named "Total", for the salesperson whose identification number is five.

private void ComputeBySalesSalesID(DataSet dataSet)
{
    // Presumes a DataTable named "Orders" that has a column named "Total."
    DataTable table;
    table = dataSet.Tables["Orders"];

    // Declare an object variable. 
    object sumObject;
    sumObject = table.Compute("Sum(Total)", "EmpID = 5");
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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