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DataColumn.AutoIncrement Property

Gets or sets a value that indicates whether the column automatically increments the value of the column for new rows added to the table.

Namespace:  System.Data
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

public bool AutoIncrement { get; set; }

Property Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if the value of the column increments automatically; otherwise, false. The default is false.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentException

The column is a computed column.

If the type of this column is not Int16, Int32, or Int64 when this property is set, the DataType property is coerced to Int32. An exception is generated if this is a computed column. The Expression property is set. The incremented value is used only if the row's value for this column, when added to the columns collection, is equal to the default value.

You can create a new row using the ItemArray property of the DataRow class and passing in an array of values. This is a potential problem for a column with its AutoIncrement set to true, because its value is generated automatically. To use the ItemArray property, place null in the column's position in the array. For more information, see the ItemArray property of the DataRow class.

If the type of the column is SqlInt16 or SqlInt32, AutoIncrement will not work. Use Int16 or Int32 instead.

If the type of the column is SqlInt64 or SqlDecimal, AutoIncrement will only partially work. Use Int64 or Decimal instead.

When the AutoIncrementStep value is added to the current value, the overflow check is suppressed.

The following example sets the AutoIncrement, AutoIncrementSeed, and AutoIncrementStep properties.

private void AddAutoIncrementColumn()
{
    DataColumn column = new DataColumn();
    column.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.Int32");
    column.AutoIncrement = true;
    column.AutoIncrementSeed = 1000;
    column.AutoIncrementStep = 10;

    // Add the column to a new DataTable.
    DataTable table = new DataTable("table");
    table.Columns.Add(column);
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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