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ConfigurationSectionCollection Class

Represents a collection of related sections within a configuration file.

Namespace:  System.Configuration
Assembly:  System.Configuration (in System.Configuration.dll)
[SerializableAttribute]
public sealed class ConfigurationSectionCollection : NameObjectCollectionBase

Use the ConfigurationSectionCollection class to iterate through a collection of ConfigurationSection objects. You can access this collection of objects using the Sections property or the Sections property.

The ConfigurationSectionCollection class is also used in the creation of custom types that extend the ConfigurationSection class.

The following code example shows how to use the ConfigurationSectionCollection class.

using System;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Collections;

namespace Samples.AspNet.Configuration
{


    // Define a custom section programmatically. 
    public sealed class CustomSection :
        ConfigurationSection
    {
        // The collection (property bag) that contains  
        // the section properties. 
        private static ConfigurationPropertyCollection _Properties;


        // The FileName property. 
        private static readonly ConfigurationProperty _FileName =
            new ConfigurationProperty("fileName",
            typeof(string), "default.txt",
            ConfigurationPropertyOptions.IsRequired);

        // The MasUsers property. 
        private static readonly ConfigurationProperty _MaxUsers =
            new ConfigurationProperty("maxUsers",
            typeof(long), (long)1000,
            ConfigurationPropertyOptions.None);

        // The MaxIdleTime property. 
        private static readonly ConfigurationProperty _MaxIdleTime =
            new ConfigurationProperty("maxIdleTime",
            typeof(TimeSpan), TimeSpan.FromMinutes(5),
            ConfigurationPropertyOptions.IsRequired);

        // CustomSection constructor. 
        public CustomSection()
        {
            // Property initialization
            _Properties =
                new ConfigurationPropertyCollection();

            _Properties.Add(_FileName);
            _Properties.Add(_MaxUsers);
            _Properties.Add(_MaxIdleTime);
        }


        // This is a key customization.  
        // It returns the initialized property bag. 
        protected override ConfigurationPropertyCollection Properties
        {
            get
            {
                return _Properties;
            }
        }



        [StringValidator(InvalidCharacters = " ~!@#$%^&*()[]{}/;'\"|\\",
            MinLength = 1, MaxLength = 60)]
        public string FileName
        {
            get
            {
                return (string)this["fileName"];
            }
            set
            {

                this["fileName"] = value;
            }
        }

        [LongValidator(MinValue = 1, MaxValue = 1000000,
            ExcludeRange = false)]
        public long MaxUsers
        {
            get
            {
                return (long)this["maxUsers"];
            }
            set
            {
                this["maxUsers"] = value;
            }
        }

        [TimeSpanValidator(MinValueString = "0:0:30",
            MaxValueString = "5:00:0",
            ExcludeRange = false)]
        public TimeSpan MaxIdleTime
        {
            get
            {
                return (TimeSpan)this["maxIdleTime"];
            }
            set
            {
                this["maxIdleTime"] = value;
            }
        }


    }


    class UsingCustomSectionCollection
    {

        // Create a custom section. 
        static void CreateSection()
        {
            try
            {

                CustomSection customSection;

                // Get the current configuration file.
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                        ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                        ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

                // Create the section entry   
                // in the <configSections> and the  
                // related target section in <configuration>. 
                if (config.Sections["CustomSection"] == null)
                {
                    customSection = new CustomSection();
                    config.Sections.Add("CustomSection", customSection);
                    customSection.SectionInformation.ForceSave = true;
                    config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full);
                }
            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }

        }

        static void GetAllKeys()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);


                ConfigurationSectionCollection sections =
                    config.Sections;

                foreach (string key in sections.Keys)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(
                     "Key value: {0}", key);
                }


            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        static void Clear()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

                config.Sections.Clear();

                config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full);
            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        static void GetSection()
        {

            try
            {
                CustomSection customSection =
                    ConfigurationManager.GetSection(
                    "CustomSection") as CustomSection;

                if (customSection == null)
                    Console.WriteLine(
                        "Failed to load CustomSection.");
                else
                {
                    // Display section information
                    Console.WriteLine("Defaults:");
                    Console.WriteLine("File Name:       {0}",
                        customSection.FileName);
                    Console.WriteLine("Max Users:       {0}",
                        customSection.MaxUsers);
                    Console.WriteLine("Max Idle Time:   {0}",
                        customSection.MaxIdleTime);

                }

            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }

        static void GetEnumerator()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);


                ConfigurationSectionCollection sections =
                    config.Sections;

                IEnumerator secEnum =
                    sections.GetEnumerator();

                int i = 0;
                while (secEnum.MoveNext())
                {
                    string setionName = sections.GetKey(i);
                    Console.WriteLine(
                        "Section name: {0}", setionName);
                    i += 1;
                }
            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        static void GetKeys()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

                ConfigurationSectionCollection sections =
                    config.Sections;


                foreach (string key in sections.Keys)
                {


                    Console.WriteLine(
                     "Key value: {0}", key);
                }


            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        static void GetItems()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

                ConfigurationSectionCollection sections =
                    config.Sections;


                ConfigurationSection section1 =
                    sections["runtime"];

                ConfigurationSection section2 =
                    sections[0];

                Console.WriteLine(
                     "Section1: {0}", section1.SectionInformation.Name);

                Console.WriteLine(
                    "Section2: {0}", section2.SectionInformation.Name);

            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        static void Remove()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

                CustomSection customSection =
                    config.GetSection(
                    "CustomSection") as CustomSection;


                if (customSection != null)
                {
                    config.Sections.Remove("CustomSection");
                    customSection.SectionInformation.ForceSave = true;
                    config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full);
                }
                else
                    Console.WriteLine(
                        "CustomSection does not exists.");

            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        static void AddSection()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

                CustomSection customSection =
                    new CustomSection();


                string index =
                    config.Sections.Count.ToString();

                customSection.FileName =
                    "newFile" + index + ".txt";

                string sectionName = "CustomSection" + index;

                TimeSpan ts = new TimeSpan(0, 15, 0);
                customSection.MaxIdleTime = ts;
                customSection.MaxUsers = 100;

                config.Sections.Add(sectionName, customSection);
                customSection.SectionInformation.ForceSave = true;
                config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full);
            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        // Exercise the collection. 
        // Uncomment the function you want to exercise. 
        // Start with CreateSection(). 
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            CreateSection();
            // AddSection(); 
            // GetSection(); 
            // GetEnumerator(); 
            // GetAllKeys(); 
            // GetKeys(); 
            // GetItems(); 

            // Remove(); 
            // Clear();
        }


    }
}

The following example is an excerpt of the configuration file used by the previous example.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<configuration>
  <configSections>

    <section name="CustomSection" 
      type="Samples.AspNet.Configuration.CustomSection, ConfigurationSectionCollection, Version=1.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null" allowDefinition="Everywhere" allowExeDefinition="MachineToApplication" restartOnExternalChanges="true" />

  </configSections>

  <CustomSection fileName="default.txt" maxUsers="1000" 
    maxIdleTime="00:05:00" />

</configuration>
System.Object
  System.Collections.Specialized.NameObjectCollectionBase
    System.Configuration.ConfigurationSectionCollection
Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0
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