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INotifyPropertyChanged Interface

Notifies clients that a property value has changed.

Namespace: System.ComponentModel
Assembly: System (in system.dll)

'Declaration
Public Interface INotifyPropertyChanged
'Usage
Dim instance As INotifyPropertyChanged

public interface INotifyPropertyChanged
public interface INotifyPropertyChanged
Not applicable.

The INotifyPropertyChanged interface is used to notify clients, typically binding clients, that a property value has changed.

For example, consider a Person object with a property called FirstName. To provide generic property-change notification, the Person type implements the INotifyPropertyChanged interface and raises a PropertyChanged event when FirstName is changed. If your data source implements the INotifyPropertyChanged and you are performing asynchronous operations you should not make changes to the data source on a background thread. Instead, you should read the data on a background thread and merge the data into a list on the UI thread.

For change notification to occur in a binding between a bound client and a data source, your bound type should either:

  • Implement the INotifyPropertyChanged interface (preferred).

  • Provide a change event for each property of the bound type.

Do not do both.

The following code example demonstrates the how to implement the INotifyPropertyChanged interface. When you run this example, you will notice the bound DataGridView control reflects the change in the data source without requiring the binding to be reset.

Imports System
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Data.Common
Imports System.Diagnostics
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Data.SqlClient
Imports System.Windows.Forms

' This form demonstrates using a BindingSource to bind
' a list to a DataGridView control. The list does not
' raise change notifications, however the DemoCustomer type 
' in the list does.

Public Class Form1
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form
    ' This button causes the value of a list element to be changed.
    Private changeItemBtn As New Button()
    
    ' This is the DataGridView control that displays the contents 
    ' of the list.
    Private customersDataGridView As New DataGridView()
    
    ' This is the BindingSource used to bind the list to the 
    ' DataGridView control.
    Private customersBindingSource As New BindingSource()
    
    Public Sub New() 
        ' Set up the "Change Item" button.
        Me.changeItemBtn.Text = "Change Item"
        Me.changeItemBtn.Dock = DockStyle.Bottom
        AddHandler Me.changeItemBtn.Click, AddressOf changeItemBtn_Click
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.changeItemBtn)
        
        ' Set up the DataGridView.
        customersDataGridView.Dock = DockStyle.Top
        Me.Controls.Add(customersDataGridView)
        Me.Size = New Size(800, 200)
        AddHandler Me.Load, AddressOf Form1_Load
    
    End Sub 'New
    
    Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Me.Load

        ' Create and populate the list of DemoCustomer objects
        ' which will supply data to the DataGridView.
        Dim customerList As New List(Of DemoCustomer)

        customerList.Add(DemoCustomer.CreateNewCustomer())
        customerList.Add(DemoCustomer.CreateNewCustomer())
        customerList.Add(DemoCustomer.CreateNewCustomer())

        ' Bind the list to the BindingSource.
        Me.customersBindingSource.DataSource = customerList

        ' Attach the BindingSource to the DataGridView.
        Me.customersDataGridView.DataSource = Me.customersBindingSource

    End Sub 'Form1_Load
    
    ' This event handler changes the value of the CompanyName
    ' property for the first item in the list.
    Private Sub changeItemBtn_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) 
        ' Get a reference to the list from the BindingSource.
        Dim customerList As List(Of DemoCustomer) = _
            CType(customersBindingSource.DataSource, List(Of DemoCustomer))
        
        ' Change the value of the CompanyName property for the 
        ' first item in the list.
        customerList(0).CompanyName = "Tailspin Toys"
    
    End Sub
     
    
    
    <STAThread()>  _
    Shared Sub Main() 
        Application.EnableVisualStyles()
        Application.Run(New Form1())
    
    End Sub
End Class

' This class implements a simple customer type 
' that implements the IPropertyChange interface.

Public Class DemoCustomer
    Implements INotifyPropertyChanged
    ' These fields hold the values for the public properties.
    Private idValue As Guid = Guid.NewGuid()
    Private customerName As String = String.Empty
    Private companyNameValue As String = String.Empty
    Private phoneNumberValue As String = String.Empty
    
    Public Event PropertyChanged As PropertyChangedEventHandler _
        Implements INotifyPropertyChanged.PropertyChanged
    
    
    Private Sub NotifyPropertyChanged(ByVal info As String) 
        RaiseEvent PropertyChanged(Me, New PropertyChangedEventArgs(info))
    End Sub

    ' The constructor is private to enforce the factory pattern.
    Private Sub New() 
        customerName = "no data"
        companyNameValue = "no data"
        phoneNumberValue = "no data"
    
    End Sub
    
    
    ' This is the public factory method.
    Public Shared Function CreateNewCustomer() As DemoCustomer 
        Return New DemoCustomer()
    
    End Function
    
    ' This property represents an ID, suitable
    ' for use as a primary key in a database.
    Public ReadOnly Property ID() As Guid
        Get
            Return Me.idValue
        End Get
    End Property
    
    
    Public Property CompanyName() As String 
        Get
            Return Me.companyNameValue
        End Get
        
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            If Not (value = companyNameValue) Then
                Me.companyNameValue = value
                NotifyPropertyChanged("CompanyName")
            End If
        End Set
    End Property
    
    
    Public Property PhoneNumber() As String 
        Get
            Return Me.phoneNumberValue
        End Get
        
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            If Not (value = phoneNumberValue) Then
                Me.phoneNumberValue = value
                NotifyPropertyChanged("PhoneNumber")
            End If

        End Set
    End Property
End Class

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 1.0

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