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IServiceContainer Interface

Provides a container for services.

For a list of all members of this type, see IServiceContainer Members.

System.IServiceProvider
   System.ComponentModel.Design.IServiceContainer

[Visual Basic]
<ComVisible(True)>
Public Interface IServiceContainer
   Inherits IServiceProvider
[C#]
[ComVisible(true)]
public interface IServiceContainer : IServiceProvider
[C++]
[ComVisible(true)]
public __gc __interface IServiceContainer : public
   IServiceProvider
[JScript]
public
   ComVisible(true)
interface IServiceContainer implements IServiceProvider

Classes that Implement IServiceContainer

Class Description
ServiceContainer Provides a simple implementation of the IServiceContainer interface. This class cannot be inherited.

Remarks

A service container is, by definition, a service provider. In addition to providing services, it also provides a mechanism for adding and removing services. Services are a foundation of the .NET Framework design-time architecture. Services provide design-time objects access to specific features and methods implemented by a service object that provides a service or services.

To obtain a service at design time, call the GetService method of a component sited in design mode. Designers and other objects can add or remove services at design time through the IDesignerHost interface.

Service containers can be contained by other service containers, forming a tree of service containers. By default, the IServiceContainer interface adds services to the closest service container. When a service is added, it can be added with instructions to promote it. When a service is promoted, it is added to any parent service container, on up until the top of the service container tree is reached. This allows a designer to provide a global service that other objects in the process can use.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The following code example contains the code for a System.Windows.Forms.Form that is configured to demonstrate the behavior of a network of linked service containers.

[Visual Basic] 
Imports System
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.ComponentModel.Design
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Windows.Forms.Design

' This sample contains a Form class that is configured to demonstrate 
' the behavior of a network of linked service containers.   

' Notes regarding this IServiceContainer and IServiceProvider implementation:
'
' When implementing the IServiceContainer interface, you may want to 
' implement support for a linked service container system
' which enables access to and sharing of services throughout a 
' container tree or network.
'
' To effectively share a service, a GetService, AddService or 
' RemoveService method must be able to locate a service 
' that has been added to a shared service container tree or network.
'        
' One simple approach to sharing services, suitable for container networks 
' where each container has one parent and the tree has
' one parentless container, is to store services only at the top node 
' (the root or grandparent) of a tree.
'
' To store services in the root node of a tree, two types of 
' consistencies must be maintained in the implementation:        
'
'   >   The GetService, AddService and RemoveService implementations 
'       must access the root through some mechanism.
'         The ServiceContainerControl's implementations of these 
'         standard IServiceContainer methods call 
'         the same method of a parent container, if the container 
'         has been parented, to route methods to the root.  
'
'   >   The services must be maintained at the root of the tree; 
'       therefore any new child's services should be copied to the root.                

' ServiceContainerControl provides an example user control implmentation 
' of the IServiceContainer interface. This implementation of 
' IServiceContainer supports a root-node linked service distribution, 
' access and removal architecture.
Public Class ServiceContainerControl
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.UserControl
    Implements IServiceContainer

    ' List of service instances sorted by key of service type's full name.
    Private localServices As SortedList
    ' List contains the Type for each service sorted by each service type's full name.
    Private localServiceTypes As SortedList

    ' The parent IServiceContainer, or null.
    Private parentServiceContainer As IServiceContainer

    Public Property serviceParent() As IServiceContainer
        Get
            Return parentServiceContainer
        End Get
        Set(ByVal Value As IServiceContainer)
            parentServiceContainer = Value
            ' Move any services to parent.
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To localServices.Count - 1
                parentServiceContainer.AddService( _
                    CType(localServiceTypes.GetByIndex(i), Type), _
                    localServices.GetByIndex(i))
            Next i
            localServices.Clear()
            localServiceTypes.Clear()
        End Set
    End Property

    ' The current state of the control, reflecting whether it has 
    ' obtained or provided a text service.
    Private state_ As TextServiceState

    Public Property state() As TextServiceState
        Get
            Return state_
        End Get
        Set(ByVal Value As TextServiceState)
            If CType(Value, TextServiceState) = _
                    TextServiceState.ServiceProvided Then
                Me.BackColor = Color.LightGreen
            ElseIf CType(Value, TextServiceState) = _
                    TextServiceState.ServiceNotObtained Then
                Me.BackColor = Color.White
            ElseIf CType(Value, TextServiceState) = _
                    TextServiceState.ServiceObtained Then
                Me.BackColor = Color.LightBlue
            ElseIf CType(Value, TextServiceState) = _
                    TextServiceState.ServiceNotFound Then
                Me.BackColor = Color.SeaShell
            End If
            state_ = Value
        End Set
    End Property

    ' Parent form reference for main program function access.
    Private Shadows parent As ServiceForm
    ' String for label displayed on the control to indicate 
    ' the control's current service-related configuration state.
    Public label As String

    Public Sub New(ByVal size As Size, ByVal location As Point, _
                    ByVal parent As ServiceForm)
        MyClass.New(Nothing, size, location, parent)
    End Sub

    Public Sub New(ByVal ParentServiceContainer As IServiceContainer, _
        ByVal size As Size, ByVal location As Point, ByVal parent As ServiceForm)

        Me.state_ = TextServiceState.ServiceNotObtained
        localServices = New SortedList()
        localServiceTypes = New SortedList()

        Me.BackColor = Color.Beige
        Me.label = String.Empty
        Me.Size = size
        Me.Location = location
        Me.parent = parent
        Me.serviceParent = ParentServiceContainer

        ' If a parent is specified, set the parent property of this 
        ' linkable IServiceContainer implementation.
        If Not (ParentServiceContainer Is Nothing) Then
            serviceParent = ParentServiceContainer
        End If
    End Sub

    ' IServiceProvider.GetService implementation for a linked 
    ' service container architecture.
    Public Shadows Function GetService(ByVal serviceType As System.Type) As Object Implements IServiceProvider.GetService
        If Not (parentServiceContainer Is Nothing) Then
            Return parentServiceContainer.GetService(serviceType)
        End If
        Dim serviceInstance As Object = localServices(serviceType.FullName)
        If serviceInstance Is Nothing Then
            Return Nothing
        ElseIf serviceInstance.GetType() Is GetType(ServiceCreatorCallback) Then
            ' If service instance is a ServiceCreatorCallback, invoke it to create the service
            Return CType(serviceInstance, ServiceCreatorCallback)(Me, serviceType)
        End If
        Return serviceInstance
    End Function

    ' IServiceContainer.AddService implementation for a linked 
    ' service container architecture.
    Public Overloads Sub AddService(ByVal serviceType As System.Type, ByVal callback As System.ComponentModel.Design.ServiceCreatorCallback, ByVal promote As Boolean) Implements IServiceContainer.AddService
        If promote AndAlso Not (parentServiceContainer Is Nothing) Then
            parentServiceContainer.AddService(serviceType, callback, True)
        Else
            localServiceTypes(serviceType.FullName) = serviceType
            localServices(serviceType.FullName) = callback
        End If
    End Sub

    ' IServiceContainer.AddService implementation for a linked 
    ' service container architecture.
    Public Overloads Sub AddService(ByVal serviceType As System.Type, _
        ByVal callback As System.ComponentModel.Design.ServiceCreatorCallback) _
        Implements IServiceContainer.AddService
        AddService(serviceType, callback, True)
    End Sub

    ' IServiceContainer.AddService implementation for a linked 
    ' service container architecture.
    Public Overloads Sub AddService(ByVal serviceType As System.Type, _
        ByVal serviceInstance As Object, ByVal promote As Boolean) _
        Implements IServiceContainer.AddService
        If promote AndAlso Not (parentServiceContainer Is Nothing) Then
            parentServiceContainer.AddService(serviceType, serviceInstance, True)
        Else
            localServiceTypes(serviceType.FullName) = serviceType
            localServices(serviceType.FullName) = serviceInstance
        End If
    End Sub

    ' IServiceContainer.AddService (defaults to promote service addition).
    Public Overloads Sub AddService(ByVal serviceType As System.Type, _
        ByVal serviceInstance As Object) Implements IServiceContainer.AddService
        AddService(serviceType, serviceInstance, True)
    End Sub

    ' IServiceContainer.RemoveService implementation for a linked 
    ' service container architecture.
    Public Overloads Sub RemoveService(ByVal serviceType As System.Type, _
        ByVal promote As Boolean) Implements IServiceContainer.RemoveService
        If Not (localServices(serviceType.FullName) Is Nothing) Then
            localServices.Remove(serviceType.FullName)
            localServiceTypes.Remove(serviceType.FullName)
        End If
        If promote Then
            If Not (parentServiceContainer Is Nothing) Then
                parentServiceContainer.RemoveService(serviceType)
            End If
        End If
    End Sub

    ' IServiceContainer.RemoveService (defaults to promote service removal)
    Public Overloads Sub RemoveService(ByVal serviceType As System.Type) _
        Implements IServiceContainer.RemoveService
        RemoveService(serviceType, True)
    End Sub

    ' Paint method override draws the label string on the control.
    Protected Overrides Sub OnPaint(ByVal e As System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs)
        e.Graphics.DrawString(label, New Font("Arial", 8), New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 5, 5)
    End Sub

    ' Process mouse-down behavior for click.
    Protected Overrides Sub OnMouseDown(ByVal e As System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventArgs)

        '  This example control responds to mouse clicks as follows:
        '
        '      Left click - control attempts to obtain a text service 
        '      and sets its label text to the text provided by the service
        '      Right click - if the control has already provided a text 
        '      service, this control does nothing. Otherwise, the control 
        '      shows a dialog to specify text to provide as a new text 
        '      service, after clearing the tree's services.

        If e.Button = MouseButtons.Left Then
            If state_ <> TextServiceState.ServiceProvided Then
                ' Attempt to update text from the service, and set 
                ' color state accordingly.
                Dim ts As TextService = CType(GetService(GetType(TextService)), TextService)
                If Not (ts Is Nothing) Then
                    Me.label = ts.text
                    state = TextServiceState.ServiceObtained
                Else
                    Me.label = "Service Not Found"
                    state = TextServiceState.ServiceNotFound
                End If
            End If
        End If
        If e.Button = MouseButtons.Right Then
            If state_ = TextServiceState.ServiceProvided Then
                ' Remove the service the if the container provided it.
                If Not (GetService(GetType(TextService)) Is Nothing) Then
                    RemoveService(GetType(TextService), True)
                    state = TextServiceState.ServiceNotObtained
                    Me.label = "Service Removed"
                End If
            Else
                ' Obtain string and provide text service.
                Dim form As New StringInputDialog("Test String")
                form.StartPosition = FormStartPosition.CenterParent
                If form.ShowDialog() = DialogResult.OK Then
                    If Not (GetService(GetType(TextService)) Is Nothing) Then
                        RemoveService(GetType(TextService), True)
                    End If
                    parent.ResetServiceTree(Me, New EventArgs())

                    AddService(GetType(TextService), _
                        New TextService(form.inputTextBox.Text), True) 

                    ' The following commented method uses a service creator callback.
                    ' AddService(typeof(TextService), 
                    '   new ServiceCreatorCallback(this.CreateTextService));                                                
                    state = TextServiceState.ServiceProvided
                    Me.label = "Provided Text: " + form.inputTextBox.Text
                End If
            End If
        End If
        parent.UpdateServiceCoverage()
    End Sub

    ' Method accesses the TextService to test the visibility of the service 
    ' from the control, and sets the UI state accordingly.
    Public Sub ReflectServiceVisibility()
        If state_ = TextServiceState.ServiceObtained Then
            If GetService(GetType(TextService)) Is Nothing Then
                Me.BackColor = Color.CadetBlue
            End If
        ElseIf state_ <> TextServiceState.ServiceProvided Then
            If GetService(GetType(TextService)) Is Nothing Then
                Me.BackColor = Color.White
                Return
            End If

            ' Service available.    
            If state_ = TextServiceState.ServiceNotFound Then
                Me.BackColor = Color.Khaki
            ElseIf state_ = TextServiceState.ServiceNotObtained _
                AndAlso label <> "Service Removed" Then
                Me.BackColor = Color.Khaki
            End If
        End If
    End Sub

    ' ServiceCreatorCallback method creates a text service.
    Private Function CreateTextService(ByVal container As IServiceContainer, _
        ByVal serviceType As System.Type) As Object
        Return New TextService("Test Callback")
    End Function
End Class

' Example form provides UI for demonstrating service sharing behavior 
' of a network of IServiceContainer/IServiceProvider controls.
Public Class ServiceForm
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form
    
    ' Root service container control for tree.
    Private root As ServiceContainerControl  
    ' Button for clearing any provided services and resetting tree states.
    Private WithEvents reset_button As System.Windows.Forms.Button 
    ' Color list used to color code controls.
    Private colorkeys() As Color
    Private keystrings() As String
    ' Strings used to reflect text service 
    Public Sub New()
        InitializeComponent()
        colorkeys = New Color() {Color.Beige, Color.SeaShell, _
            Color.LightGreen, Color.LightBlue, Color.Khaki, Color.CadetBlue}
        keystrings = New String() {"No service use", "Service not accessible", _
            "Service provided", "Service obtained", "Service accessible", _
            "No further access"}
        CreateServiceControlTree()
    End Sub

    Private Sub CreateServiceControlTree()
        ' Create root service control
        Dim control1 As New ServiceContainerControl(Nothing, New Size(300, 40), New Point(10, 80), Me)
        root = control1
        ' Create first tier - pass parent with service object control 1.
        Dim control2 As New ServiceContainerControl(control1, New Size(200, 30), New Point(50, 160), Me)
        Dim control3 As New ServiceContainerControl(control1, New Size(200, 30), New Point(50, 240), Me)
        ' Create second tier A - pass parent with service object control 2.
        Dim control4 As New ServiceContainerControl(control2, New Size(180, 20), New Point(300, 145), Me)
        Dim control5 As New ServiceContainerControl(control2, New Size(180, 20), New Point(300, 185), Me)
        ' Create second tier B - pass parent with service object control 3.
        Dim control6 As New ServiceContainerControl(control3, New Size(180, 20), New Point(300, 225), Me)
        Dim control7 As New ServiceContainerControl(control3, New Size(180, 20), New Point(300, 265), Me)
        ' Add controls
        Me.Controls.AddRange(New Control() {control1, control2, control3, control4, control5, control6, control7})
    End Sub

    Public Sub ResetServiceTree(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) Handles reset_button.Click
        ' Remove the service from the service tree.
        If Not (root.GetService(GetType(TextService)) Is Nothing) Then
            root.RemoveService(GetType(TextService), True)
        End If
        ' Set all controls to "not obtained" and clear their labels.
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To Controls.Count - 1
            If Not Controls(i).Equals(reset_button) Then
                CType(Controls(i), ServiceContainerControl).state = TextServiceState.ServiceNotObtained
                CType(Controls(i), ServiceContainerControl).label = String.Empty
                CType(Controls(i), ServiceContainerControl).BackColor = Color.Beige
            End If
        Next i
    End Sub

    Public Sub UpdateServiceCoverage()
        ' Have each control set state to reflect service availability.
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To Controls.Count - 1
            If Not Controls(i).Equals(reset_button) Then
                CType(Controls(i), ServiceContainerControl).ReflectServiceVisibility()
            End If
        Next i
    End Sub

    Private Sub InitializeComponent()
        Me.reset_button = New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
        Me.SuspendLayout()
        ' 
        ' reset_button
        ' 
        Me.reset_button.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(392, 88)
        Me.reset_button.Name = "reset_button"
        Me.reset_button.TabIndex = 0
        Me.reset_button.TabStop = False
        Me.reset_button.Text = "Reset"
        ' 
        ' ServiceForm
        ' 
        Me.AutoScaleBaseSize = New System.Drawing.Size(5, 13)
        Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(512, 373)
        Me.Controls.AddRange(New System.Windows.Forms.Control() {Me.reset_button})
        Me.MinimumSize = New System.Drawing.Size(520, 400)
        Me.Name = "ServiceForm"
        Me.Text = "Service Container Architecture Example"
        Me.ResumeLayout(False)
    End Sub

    <STAThread()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New ServiceForm())
    End Sub

    Protected Overrides Sub OnPaint(ByVal e As System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs)
        e.Graphics.DrawString("The following tree diagram represents a hierarchy of linked service containers in controls.", New Font("Arial", 9), New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 4, 4)
        e.Graphics.DrawString("This example demonstrates the propagation behavior of services through a linked service object tree.", New Font("Arial", 8), New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 4, 26)
        e.Graphics.DrawString("Right-click a component to add or replace a text service, or to remove it if the component provided it.", New Font("Arial", 8), New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 4, 38)
        e.Graphics.DrawString("Left-click a component to update text from the text service if available.", New Font("Arial", 8), New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 4, 50)

        ' Draw lines to represent tree branches.
        e.Graphics.DrawLine(New Pen(New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 20, 125, 20, 258)
        e.Graphics.DrawLine(New Pen(New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 21, 175, 45, 175)
        e.Graphics.DrawLine(New Pen(New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 21, 258, 45, 258)
        e.Graphics.DrawLine(New Pen(New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 255, 175, 285, 175)
        e.Graphics.DrawLine(New Pen(New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 255, 258, 285, 258)
        e.Graphics.DrawLine(New Pen(New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 285, 155, 285, 195)
        e.Graphics.DrawLine(New Pen(New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 285, 238, 285, 278)
        e.Graphics.DrawLine(New Pen(New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 285, 155, 290, 155)
        e.Graphics.DrawLine(New Pen(New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 285, 195, 290, 195)
        e.Graphics.DrawLine(New Pen(New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 285, 238, 290, 238)
        e.Graphics.DrawLine(New Pen(New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 285, 278, 290, 278)

        ' Draw color key.
        e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(New Pen(New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 20, 305, 410, 60)
        Dim y As Integer = 0
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To 2
            e.Graphics.FillRectangle(New SolidBrush(colorkeys(y)), _
                25 + i * 140, 310, 20, 20)
            e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(New Pen(New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), _
                25 + i * 140, 310, 20, 20)
            e.Graphics.DrawString(keystrings(y), New Font("Arial", 8), _
                New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 50 + i * 140, 315)
            y += 1
            e.Graphics.FillRectangle(New SolidBrush(colorkeys(y)), _
                25 + i * 140, 340, 20, 20)
            e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(New Pen(New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), _
                25 + i * 140, 340, 20, 20)
            e.Graphics.DrawString(keystrings(y), New Font("Arial", 8), _
                New SolidBrush(Color.Black), 50 + i * 140, 345)
            y += 1
        Next i
    End Sub
End Class

' Example service type contains a text string, sufficient to 
' demonstrate service sharing.
Public Class TextService
    Public [text] As String

    Public Sub New()
        MyClass.New(String.Empty)
    End Sub

    Public Sub New(ByVal [text] As String)
        Me.text = [text]
    End Sub
End Class

Public Enum TextServiceState
    ServiceNotObtained
    ServiceObtained
    ServiceProvided
    ServiceNotFound
End Enum

' Example Form for entering a string.
Friend Class StringInputDialog
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form
    Private ok_button As System.Windows.Forms.Button
    Private cancel_button As System.Windows.Forms.Button
    Public inputTextBox As System.Windows.Forms.TextBox

    Public Sub New(ByVal [text] As String)
        InitializeComponent()
        inputTextBox.Text = [text]
    End Sub

    Private Sub InitializeComponent()
        Me.ok_button = New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
        Me.cancel_button = New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
        Me.inputTextBox = New System.Windows.Forms.TextBox()
        Me.SuspendLayout()
        Me.ok_button.Anchor = System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom _
            Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right
        Me.ok_button.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(180, 43)
        Me.ok_button.Name = "ok_button"
        Me.ok_button.TabIndex = 1
        Me.ok_button.Text = "OK"
        Me.ok_button.DialogResult = System.Windows.Forms.DialogResult.OK
        Me.cancel_button.Anchor = System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom _
            Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right
        Me.cancel_button.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(260, 43)
        Me.cancel_button.Name = "cancel_button"
        Me.cancel_button.TabIndex = 2
        Me.cancel_button.Text = "Cancel"
        Me.cancel_button.DialogResult = System.Windows.Forms.DialogResult.Cancel
        Me.inputTextBox.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(6, 9)
        Me.inputTextBox.Name = "inputTextBox"
        Me.inputTextBox.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(327, 20)
        Me.inputTextBox.TabIndex = 0
        Me.inputTextBox.Text = ""
        Me.inputTextBox.Anchor = System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top _
            Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left Or _
            System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right
        Me.AutoScaleBaseSize = New System.Drawing.Size(5, 13)
        Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(342, 73)
        Me.Controls.AddRange(New System.Windows.Forms.Control() _
            {Me.inputTextBox, Me.cancel_button, Me.ok_button})
        Me.MinimumSize = New System.Drawing.Size(350, 100)
        Me.Name = "StringInputDialog"
        Me.Text = "Text Service Provide String Dialog"
        Me.ResumeLayout(False)
    End Sub
End Class

[C#] 
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.ComponentModel.Design;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Windows.Forms.Design;

namespace ServiceArchitectureExample
{
    // This sample contains a Form class that is configured to demonstrate 
    // the behavior of a network of linked service containers.   
    
    // Notes regarding this IServiceContainer and IServiceProvider 
    // implementation:
    //
    // When implementing the IServiceContainer interface, you may want to 
    // implement support for a linked service container system
    // which enables access to and sharing of services throughout a 
    // container tree or network.
    //
    // To effectively share a service, a GetService, AddService or 
    // RemoveService method must be able to locate a service 
    // that has been added to a shared service container tree or network.
    //        
    // One simple approach to sharing services, suitable for container networks 
    // where each container has one parent and the tree has
    // one parentless container, is to store services only at the top node 
    // (the root or grandparent) of a tree.
    //
    // To store services in the root node of a tree, two types of 
    // consistencies must be maintained in the implementation:        
    //
    //   >   The GetService, AddService and RemoveService implementations 
    //       must access the root through some mechanism.
    //         The ServiceContainerControl's implementations of these 
    //         standard IServiceContainer methods call 
    //         the same method of a parent container, if the container 
    //         has been parented, to route methods to the root.  
    //
    //   >   The services must be maintained at the root of the tree; 
    //       therefore, any new child's services should be copied to the root.                


    // ServiceContainerControl provides an example user control implmentation 
    // of the IServiceContainer interface. This implementation of 
    // IServiceContainer supports a root-node linked service distribution, 
    // access. and removal architecture.
    public class ServiceContainerControl : System.Windows.Forms.UserControl, IServiceContainer
    {                        
        // List of service instances sorted by key of service type's full name.
        private SortedList localServices;               
        // List that contains the Type for each service sorted by each 
        // service type's full name.
        private SortedList localServiceTypes;           

        // The parent IServiceContainer, or null.
        private IServiceContainer parentServiceContainer;   
        public IServiceContainer serviceParent              
        {
            get
            {
                return parentServiceContainer;
            }
            set
            {
                parentServiceContainer = value;
                // Move any services to parent.
                for( int i=0; i<localServices.Count; i++ )
                    parentServiceContainer.AddService(
                        (Type)localServiceTypes.GetByIndex(i), 
                        localServices.GetByIndex(i));
                localServices.Clear();
                localServiceTypes.Clear();
            }
        }
        
        // The current state of the control reflecting whether it has 
        // obtained or provided a text service.
        private TextServiceState state_;
        public TextServiceState state              
        {                                          
            get
            {
                return state_;
            }
            set
            {
                if( (TextServiceState)value == 
                        TextServiceState.ServiceProvided )
                    this.BackColor = Color.LightGreen;
                else if( (TextServiceState)value == 
                        TextServiceState.ServiceNotObtained )                
                    this.BackColor = Color.White;                                   
                else if( (TextServiceState)value == 
                        TextServiceState.ServiceObtained )
                    this.BackColor = Color.LightBlue;
                else if( (TextServiceState)value == 
                        TextServiceState.ServiceNotFound )                                    
                    this.BackColor = Color.SeaShell;                
                state_ = value;
            }
        }
        
        // Parent form reference for main program function access.
        private ServiceForm parent;                 
        // String for label displayed on the control to indicate 
        // the control's current service-related configuration state.
        public string label;  
        
        public ServiceContainerControl(Size size, Point location, 
            ServiceForm parent) : this(null, size, location, parent){}      
        public ServiceContainerControl(IServiceContainer ParentServiceContainer, 
            Size size, Point location, ServiceForm parent)
        {
            this.state_ = TextServiceState.ServiceNotObtained;
            localServices = new SortedList();
            localServiceTypes = new SortedList();

            this.BackColor = Color.Beige;            
            this.label = string.Empty;            
            this.Size = size;
            this.Location = location;
            this.parent = parent;
            this.serviceParent = ParentServiceContainer;
            
            // If a parent is specified, set the parent property of this 
            // linkable IServiceContainer implementation.
            if( ParentServiceContainer != null )
                serviceParent = ParentServiceContainer;
        }

        // IServiceProvider.GetService implementation for a linked 
        // service container architecture.
        public new object GetService(System.Type serviceType)
        {
            if( parentServiceContainer != null )
                return parentServiceContainer.GetService(serviceType);            

            object serviceInstance = localServices[serviceType.FullName];
            if( serviceInstance == null )
                return null;
            else if( serviceInstance.GetType() == typeof(ServiceCreatorCallback) )
            {
                // If service instance is a ServiceCreatorCallback, invoke 
                // it to create the service.
                return ((ServiceCreatorCallback)serviceInstance)(this, serviceType);                                
            }
            return serviceInstance;
        }
        
        // IServiceContainer.AddService implementation for a linked 
        // service container architecture.
        public void AddService(System.Type serviceType, 
            System.ComponentModel.Design.ServiceCreatorCallback callback, bool promote)
        {
            if( promote && parentServiceContainer != null )            
                parentServiceContainer.AddService(serviceType, callback, true);            
            else
            {
                localServiceTypes[serviceType.FullName] = serviceType;
                localServices[serviceType.FullName] = callback;
            }
        }
        
        // IServiceContainer.AddService implementation for a linked 
        // service container architecture.
        public void AddService(System.Type serviceType, 
            System.ComponentModel.Design.ServiceCreatorCallback callback)
        {
            AddService(serviceType, callback, true);
        }

        // IServiceContainer.AddService implementation for a linked 
        // service container architecture.
        public void AddService(System.Type serviceType, 
            object serviceInstance, bool promote)
        {
            if( promote && parentServiceContainer != null )            
                parentServiceContainer.AddService(serviceType, serviceInstance, true);            
            else
            {
                localServiceTypes[serviceType.FullName] = serviceType;
                localServices[serviceType.FullName] = serviceInstance;
            }
        }

        // IServiceContainer.AddService (defaults to promote service addition).
        public void AddService(System.Type serviceType, object serviceInstance)
        {
            AddService(serviceType, serviceInstance, true);
        }

        // IServiceContainer.RemoveService implementation for a linked 
        // service container architecture.
        public void RemoveService(System.Type serviceType, bool promote)
        {
            if( localServices[serviceType.FullName] != null )
            {
                localServices.Remove(serviceType.FullName);
                localServiceTypes.Remove(serviceType.FullName);
            }
            if( promote )
            {
                if( parentServiceContainer != null )
                    parentServiceContainer.RemoveService(serviceType);
            }
        }

        // IServiceContainer.RemoveService (defaults to promote 
        // service removal)
        public void RemoveService(System.Type serviceType)
        {
            RemoveService(serviceType, true);
        }

        // Paint method override draws the label string on the control.
        protected override void OnPaint(System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs e)
        {
            e.Graphics.DrawString(label, new Font("Arial", 8), 
                new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 5, 5);            
        }

        // Process mouse-down behavior for click.
        protected override void OnMouseDown(
            System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            //  This example control responds to mouse clicks as follows:
            //
            //      Left click - control attempts to obtain a text service 
            //      and sets its label text to the text provided by the service
            //      Right click - if the control has already provided a text 
            //      service, this control does nothing. Otherwise, the control 
            //      shows a dialog box to specify text to provide as a new text 
            //      service, after clearing the tree's services.

            if( e.Button == MouseButtons.Left )
            {
                if( state_ != TextServiceState.ServiceProvided )
                {
                    // Attempt to update text from service, and set 
                    // color state accordingly.
                    TextService ts = 
                        (TextService)GetService(typeof(TextService));
                    if( ts != null )
                    {
                        this.label = ts.text;
                        state = TextServiceState.ServiceObtained;
                    }
                    else
                    {                    
                        this.label = "Service Not Found";                        
                        state = TextServiceState.ServiceNotFound;
                    }
                }
            }
            if( e.Button == MouseButtons.Right )
            {
                if( state_ == TextServiceState.ServiceProvided )
                {
                    // Remove the service if the container provided it.
                    if( GetService(typeof(TextService)) != null )
                    {
                        RemoveService(typeof(TextService), true);
                        state = TextServiceState.ServiceNotObtained; 
                        this.label = "Service Removed";                                                                   
                    }                    
                }
                else
                {
                    // Obtain string and provide text service.
                    StringInputDialog form = 
                        new StringInputDialog("Test String");
                    form.StartPosition = FormStartPosition.CenterParent;
                    if( form.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK )
                    {
                        if( GetService(typeof(TextService)) != null )                        
                            RemoveService(typeof(TextService), true);                                                                            
                        parent.ResetServiceTree(this, new EventArgs());

                        AddService(typeof(TextService), 
                            new TextService( form.inputTextBox.Text ), true);

                        // The following commented method uses a service creator callback.
                        // AddService(typeof(TextService), 
                        //  new ServiceCreatorCallback(this.CreateTextService));                                                
                        
                        state = TextServiceState.ServiceProvided;
                        this.label = "Provided Text: "+form.inputTextBox.Text;                                 
                    }
                }
            }
            parent.UpdateServiceCoverage();
        }

        // Method accesses the TextService to test the visibility of the 
        // service from the control, and sets the UI state accordingly.
        public void ReflectServiceVisibility()
        {
            if( state_ == TextServiceState.ServiceObtained )
            {
                if( GetService(typeof(TextService)) == null )  
                    this.BackColor = Color.CadetBlue;
            }
            else if( state_ != TextServiceState.ServiceProvided )
            {
                if( GetService(typeof(TextService)) == null )
                {
                    this.BackColor = Color.White;
                    return;
                }

                // Service available.        
                if( state_ == TextServiceState.ServiceNotFound )                
                    this.BackColor = Color.Khaki;                
                else if( state_ == TextServiceState.ServiceNotObtained 
                         && label != "Service Removed" )
                    this.BackColor = Color.Khaki;       
            }
        }
        
        // ServiceCreatorCallback method creates a text service.
        private object CreateTextService(IServiceContainer container, 
            System.Type serviceType)
        {
            return new TextService("Test Callback");
        }
    }

    // Example form provides UI for demonstrating service sharing behavior 
    // of a network of IServiceContainer/IServiceProvider controls.
    public class ServiceForm : System.Windows.Forms.Form
    {
        // Root service container control for tree.
        private ServiceContainerControl root;                
        // Button for clearing any provided services and resetting tree states.
        private System.Windows.Forms.Button reset_button;   
        // Color list used to color code controls.
        private Color[] colorkeys;                       
        // Strings used to reflect text service.
        private string[] keystrings;                         

        public ServiceForm()
        {
        InitializeComponent();        
            colorkeys = new Color[] { Color.Beige, Color.SeaShell, Color.LightGreen, Color.LightBlue, Color.Khaki, Color.CadetBlue };
            keystrings = new string[] { "No service use", "Service not accessible", "Service provided", "Service obtained", "Service accessible", "No further access" };
            CreateServiceControlTree();                        
        }

        private void CreateServiceControlTree()
        {
            // Create root service control
            ServiceContainerControl control1 = new ServiceContainerControl(
                null, new Size(300, 40), new Point(10, 80), this);
            root = control1;
            // Create first tier - pass parent with service object control 1.
            ServiceContainerControl control2 = new ServiceContainerControl(
                control1, new Size(200, 30), new Point(50, 160), this);
            ServiceContainerControl control3 = new ServiceContainerControl(
                control1, new Size(200, 30), new Point(50, 240), this);
            // Create second tier A - pass parent with service object control 2.
            ServiceContainerControl control4 = new ServiceContainerControl(
                control2, new Size(180, 20), new Point(300, 145), this);
            ServiceContainerControl control5 = new ServiceContainerControl(
                control2, new Size(180, 20), new Point(300, 185), this);
            // Create second tier B - pass parent with service object control 3.
            ServiceContainerControl control6 = new ServiceContainerControl(
                control3, new Size(180, 20), new Point(300, 225), this);
            ServiceContainerControl control7 = new ServiceContainerControl(
                control3, new Size(180, 20), new Point(300, 265), this);
            // Add controls
            this.Controls.AddRange( new Control[] { control1, control2, 
                control3, control4, control5, control6, control7 } );
        }

        public void ResetServiceTree(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            // Remove the service from the service tree.
            if( root.GetService(typeof(TextService)) != null )            
                root.RemoveService(typeof(TextService), true);

            // Set all controls to "not obtained" and clear their labels.
            for( int i=0; i<Controls.Count; i++ )
                if( !Controls[i].Equals(reset_button) ) 
                {
                    ((ServiceContainerControl)Controls[i]).state = 
                        TextServiceState.ServiceNotObtained;
                    ((ServiceContainerControl)Controls[i]).label = string.Empty;
                    ((ServiceContainerControl)Controls[i]).BackColor = 
                        Color.Beige;
                }
        }

        public void UpdateServiceCoverage()
        {
            // Have each control set state to reflect service availability.
            for( int i=0; i<Controls.Count; i++ )
                if( !Controls[i].Equals(reset_button) )                 
                    ((ServiceContainerControl)Controls[i]).ReflectServiceVisibility();                                 
        }

            #region Windows Form Designer generated code
            private void InitializeComponent()
            {
            this.reset_button = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
            this.SuspendLayout();
            // 
            // reset_button
            // 
            this.reset_button.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(392, 88);
            this.reset_button.Name = "reset_button";
            this.reset_button.TabIndex = 0;
            this.reset_button.TabStop = false;
            this.reset_button.Text = "Reset";
            this.reset_button.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.ResetServiceTree);
            // 
            // ServiceForm
            // 
            this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(5, 13);
            this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(512, 373);
            this.Controls.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.Control[] {
                                                                          this.reset_button});
            this.MinimumSize = new System.Drawing.Size(520, 400);
            this.Name = "ServiceForm";
            this.Text = "Service Container Architecture Example";
            this.ResumeLayout(false);

            }
            #endregion

            [STAThread]
            static void Main() 
            {
                Application.Run(new ServiceForm());
            }

        protected override void OnPaint(System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs e)
        {            
            e.Graphics.DrawString("The following tree diagram represents a "+
                "hierarchy of linked service containers in controls.", 
                new Font("Arial", 9), new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 4, 4);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("This example demonstrates the propagation "+
                "behavior of services through a linked service object tree.", 
                new Font("Arial", 8), new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 4, 26);            
            e.Graphics.DrawString("Right-click a component to add or replace a "+
                "text service, or to remove it if the component provided it.", 
                new Font("Arial", 8), new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 4, 38);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("Left-click a component to update text from "+
                "the text service if available.", new Font("Arial", 8), 
                new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 4, 50);

            // Draw lines to represent tree branches.
            e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 
                20, 125, 20, 258);
            e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 
                21, 175, 45, 175);
            e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 
                21, 258, 45, 258);
            e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 
                255, 175, 285, 175);
            e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 
                255, 258, 285, 258);
            e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 
                285, 155, 285, 195);
            e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 
                285, 238, 285, 278);            
            e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 
                285, 155, 290, 155);
            e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 
                285, 195, 290, 195);
            e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 
                285, 238, 290, 238);
            e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 
                285, 278, 290, 278);

            // Draw color key.
            e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 20, 305, 410, 60);
            int y=0;
            for( int i=0; i<3; i++ )
            {
                e.Graphics.FillRectangle(new SolidBrush(colorkeys[y]), 
                    25+(i*140), 310, 20, 20);           
                e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 
                    25+(i*140), 310, 20, 20);     
                e.Graphics.DrawString(keystrings[y], new Font("Arial", 8), 
                    new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 50+(i*140), 315);
                y++;
                e.Graphics.FillRectangle(new SolidBrush(colorkeys[y]), 
                    25+(i*140), 340, 20, 20);           
                e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 1), 
                    25+(i*140), 340, 20, 20);              
                e.Graphics.DrawString(keystrings[y], new Font("Arial", 8), 
                    new SolidBrush(Color.Black), 50+(i*140), 345);
                y++;
            }
        }
    }   
   
    // Example service type contains a text string, sufficient to 
    // demonstrate service sharing.
    public class TextService
    {
        public string text;

        public TextService() : this(string.Empty)
        {
        }

        public TextService(string text)
        {
            this.text = text;
        }
    }

    public enum TextServiceState
    {
        ServiceNotObtained,
        ServiceObtained,
        ServiceProvided,
        ServiceNotFound
    }

    // Example Form for entering a string.
    internal class StringInputDialog : System.Windows.Forms.Form
    {
        private System.Windows.Forms.Button ok_button;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Button cancel_button;
        public System.Windows.Forms.TextBox inputTextBox;

        public StringInputDialog(string text)
        {
            InitializeComponent();
            inputTextBox.Text = text;
        }

        private void InitializeComponent()
        {
            this.ok_button = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
            this.cancel_button = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
            this.inputTextBox = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
            this.SuspendLayout();
            this.ok_button.Anchor = (System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom | 
                System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right);
            this.ok_button.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(180, 43);
            this.ok_button.Name = "ok_button";
            this.ok_button.TabIndex = 1;
            this.ok_button.Text = "OK";      
            this.ok_button.DialogResult = System.Windows.Forms.DialogResult.OK;            
            this.cancel_button.Anchor = (System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom | 
                System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right);
            this.cancel_button.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(260, 43);
            this.cancel_button.Name = "cancel_button";
            this.cancel_button.TabIndex = 2;
            this.cancel_button.Text = "Cancel";            
            this.cancel_button.DialogResult = System.Windows.Forms.DialogResult.Cancel;
            this.inputTextBox.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(6, 9);
            this.inputTextBox.Name = "inputTextBox";
            this.inputTextBox.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(327, 20);
            this.inputTextBox.TabIndex = 0;
            this.inputTextBox.Text = "";            
            this.inputTextBox.Anchor = ((System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top | 
                System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left) 
                | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right);
            this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(5, 13);
            this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(342, 73);
            this.Controls.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.Control[] {
                                                                          this.inputTextBox,
                                                                          this.cancel_button,
                                                                          this.ok_button});
            this.MinimumSize = new System.Drawing.Size(350, 100);
            this.Name = "StringInputDialog";
            this.Text = "Text Service Provide String Dialog";
            this.ResumeLayout(false);
        }
    }
}

[C++] 
#using <mscorlib.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;
using namespace System::ComponentModel::Design;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms::Design;

// This sample contains a Form class that is configured to demonstrate 
// the behavior of a network of linked service containers.   

// Notes regarding this IServiceContainer and IServiceProvider 
// implementation:
//
// When implementing the IServiceContainer interface, you may want to 
// implement support for a linked service container system
// which enables access to and sharing of services throughout a 
// container tree or network.
//
// To effectively share a service, a GetService, AddService or 
// RemoveService method must be able to locate a service 
// that has been added to a shared service container tree or network.
//        
// One simple approach to sharing services, suitable for container networks 
// where each container has one parent and the tree has
// one parentless container, is to store services only at the top node 
// (the root or grandparent) of a tree.
//
// To store services in the root node of a tree, two types of 
// consistencies must be maintained in the implementation:        
//
//   >   The GetService, AddService and RemoveService implementations 
//       must access the root through some mechanism.
//         The ServiceContainerControl's implementations of these 
//         standard IServiceContainer methods call 
//         the same method of a parent container, if the container 
//         has been parented, to route methods to the root.  
//
//   >   The services must be maintained at the root of the tree; 
//       therefore, any new child's services should be copied to the root.                

public __gc class ServiceForm; // forward declaration

public __value enum TextServiceState
{
   ServiceNotObtained,
   ServiceObtained,
   ServiceProvided,
   ServiceNotFound
};

// Example service type contains a text string, sufficient to 
// demonstrate service sharing.
public __gc class TextService
{
public:
   String* text;

   TextService()
   {
      this->text = String::Empty;
   }

   TextService(String* text)
   {
      this->text = text;
   }
};

// ServiceContainerControl provides an example user control implmentation 
// of the IServiceContainer interface. This implementation of 
// IServiceContainer supports a root-node linked service distribution, 
// access. and removal architecture.
public __gc class ServiceContainerControl :
   public System::Windows::Forms::UserControl, public IServiceContainer
{                        
   // List of service instances sorted by key of service type's full name.
private:
   SortedList* localServices;               
   // List that contains the Type for each service sorted by each 
   // service type's full name.
   SortedList* localServiceTypes;           

   // The parent IServiceContainer, or null.
   IServiceContainer* parentServiceContainer;   

public:
   __property IServiceContainer* get_serviceParent()
   {
      return parentServiceContainer;
   }
   __property void set_serviceParent( IServiceContainer* value )
   {
      parentServiceContainer = value;
      // Move any services to parent.
      for( int i=0; i<localServices->Count; i++ )
         parentServiceContainer->AddService(
         dynamic_cast<Type*>(localServiceTypes->GetByIndex(i)), 
         localServices->GetByIndex(i));
      localServices->Clear();
      localServiceTypes->Clear();
   }

   // The current state of the control reflecting whether it has 
   // obtained or provided a text service.
private:
   TextServiceState state_;
public:
   __property TextServiceState get_state()
   {
      return state_;
   }
   __property void set_state( TextServiceState value )
   {
      if( (TextServiceState)value == TextServiceState::ServiceProvided )
         this->BackColor = Color::LightGreen;
      else if( (TextServiceState)value == TextServiceState::ServiceNotObtained )                
         this->BackColor = Color::White;                                   
      else if( (TextServiceState)value == TextServiceState::ServiceObtained )
         this->BackColor = Color::LightBlue;
      else if( (TextServiceState)value == TextServiceState::ServiceNotFound )                                    
         this->BackColor = Color::SeaShell;                
      state_ = value;
   }

   // Parent form reference for main program function access.
private:
   ServiceForm* parent;                 
   // String for label displayed on the control to indicate 
   // the control's current service-related configuration state.
public:
   String* label;  

   ServiceContainerControl(IServiceContainer* ParentServiceContainer, 
      System::Drawing::Size size, Point location, ServiceForm* parent)
   {
      this->state_ = TextServiceState::ServiceNotObtained;
      localServices = new SortedList();
      localServiceTypes = new SortedList();

      this->BackColor = Color::Beige;            
      this->label = String::Empty;            
      this->Size = size;
      this->Location = location;
      this->parent = parent;
      this->serviceParent = ParentServiceContainer;

      // If a parent is specified, set the parent property of this 
      // linkable IServiceContainer implementation.
      if( ParentServiceContainer != 0 )
         serviceParent = ParentServiceContainer;
   }

   // IServiceProvider.GetService implementation for a linked 
   // service container architecture.
   Object* GetService(System::Type* serviceType)
   {
      if( parentServiceContainer != 0 )
         return parentServiceContainer->GetService(serviceType);            

      Object* serviceInstance = localServices->Item[serviceType->FullName];
      if( serviceInstance == 0 )
         return 0;
      else if( serviceInstance->GetType() == __typeof(ServiceCreatorCallback) )
      {
         // If service instance is a ServiceCreatorCallback, invoke 
         // it to create the service.
         return (dynamic_cast<ServiceCreatorCallback*>(serviceInstance))(this, serviceType);                                
      }
      return serviceInstance;
   }

   // IServiceContainer.AddService implementation for a linked 
   // service container architecture.
   void AddService(System::Type* serviceType, 
      System::ComponentModel::Design::ServiceCreatorCallback* callback, bool promote)
   {
      if( promote && parentServiceContainer != 0 )            
         parentServiceContainer->AddService(serviceType, callback, true);            
      else
      {
         localServiceTypes->Item[serviceType->FullName] = serviceType;
         localServices->Item[serviceType->FullName] = callback;
      }
   }

   // IServiceContainer.AddService implementation for a linked 
   // service container architecture.
   void AddService(System::Type* serviceType, 
      System::ComponentModel::Design::ServiceCreatorCallback* callback)
   {
      AddService(serviceType, callback, true);
   }

   // IServiceContainer.AddService implementation for a linked 
   // service container architecture.
   void AddService(System::Type* serviceType, 
      Object* serviceInstance, bool promote)
   {
      if( promote && parentServiceContainer != 0 )            
         parentServiceContainer->AddService(serviceType, serviceInstance, true);            
      else
      {
         localServiceTypes->Item[serviceType->FullName] = serviceType;
         localServices->Item[serviceType->FullName] = serviceInstance;
      }
   }

   // IServiceContainer.AddService (defaults to promote service addition).
   void AddService(System::Type* serviceType, Object* serviceInstance)
   {
      AddService(serviceType, serviceInstance, true);
   }

   // IServiceContainer.RemoveService implementation for a linked 
   // service container architecture.
   void RemoveService(System::Type* serviceType, bool promote)
   {
      if( localServices->Item[serviceType->FullName] != 0 )
      {
         localServices->Remove(serviceType->FullName);
         localServiceTypes->Remove(serviceType->FullName);
      }
      if( promote )
      {
         if( parentServiceContainer != 0 )
            parentServiceContainer->RemoveService(serviceType);
      }
   }

   // IServiceContainer.RemoveService (defaults to promote 
   // service removal)
   void RemoveService(System::Type* serviceType)
   {
      RemoveService(serviceType, true);
   }

   // Paint method override draws the label string on the control.
protected:
   void OnPaint(System::Windows::Forms::PaintEventArgs* e)
   {
      e->Graphics->DrawString(label, new System::Drawing::Font(S"Arial", 8), 
         new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 5, 5);            
   }

   // Process mouse-down behavior for click.
   void OnMouseDown(System::Windows::Forms::MouseEventArgs* e);

   // Method accesses the TextService to test the visibility of the 
   // service from the control, and sets the UI state accordingly.
public:
   void ReflectServiceVisibility()
   {
      if( state_ == TextServiceState::ServiceObtained )
      {
         if( GetService(__typeof(TextService)) == 0 )  
            this->BackColor = Color::CadetBlue;
      }
      else if( state_ != TextServiceState::ServiceProvided )
      {
         if( GetService(__typeof(TextService)) == 0 )
         {
            this->BackColor = Color::White;
            return;
         }

         // Service available.        
         if( state_ == TextServiceState::ServiceNotFound )                
            this->BackColor = Color::Khaki;                
         else if( state_ == TextServiceState::ServiceNotObtained
                  && !label->Equals(S"Service Removed") )
            this->BackColor = Color::Khaki;       
      }
   }

   // ServiceCreatorCallback method creates a text service.
private:
   Object* CreateTextService(IServiceContainer* /*container*/, 
      System::Type* /*serviceType*/)
   {
      return new TextService(S"Test Callback");
   }
};

// Example form provides UI for demonstrating service sharing behavior 
// of a network of IServiceContainer/IServiceProvider controls.
public __gc class ServiceForm : public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
   // Root service container control for tree.
private:
   ServiceContainerControl* root;                
   // Button for clearing any provided services and resetting tree states.
   System::Windows::Forms::Button* reset_button;   
   // Color list used to color code controls.
   Color colorkeys[];                       
   // Strings used to reflect text service.
   String* keystrings[];                         

public:
   ServiceForm()
   {
      InitializeComponent();        

      colorkeys = new Color[6];
      colorkeys[0] = Color::Beige;
      colorkeys[1] = Color::SeaShell;
      colorkeys[2] = Color::LightGreen;
      colorkeys[3] = Color::LightBlue;
      colorkeys[4] = Color::Khaki;
      colorkeys[5] = Color::CadetBlue;

      String* temp3 [] = {
         S"No service use",
         S"Service not accessible",
         S"Service provided",
         S"Service obtained",
         S"Service accessible",
         S"No further access"};
      keystrings = temp3;

      CreateServiceControlTree();                        
   }

private:
   void CreateServiceControlTree()
   {
      // Create root service control
      ServiceContainerControl* control1 = new ServiceContainerControl(
         0, System::Drawing::Size(300, 40), Point(10, 80), this);
      root = control1;
      // Create first tier - pass parent with service object control 1.
      ServiceContainerControl* control2 = new ServiceContainerControl(
         control1, System::Drawing::Size(200, 30), Point(50, 160), this);
      ServiceContainerControl* control3 = new ServiceContainerControl(
         control1, System::Drawing::Size(200, 30), Point(50, 240), this);
      // Create second tier A - pass parent with service object control 2.
      ServiceContainerControl* control4 = new ServiceContainerControl(
         control2, System::Drawing::Size(180, 20), Point(300, 145), this);
      ServiceContainerControl* control5 = new ServiceContainerControl(
         control2, System::Drawing::Size(180, 20), Point(300, 185), this);
      // Create second tier B - pass parent with service object control 3.
      ServiceContainerControl* control6 = new ServiceContainerControl(
         control3, System::Drawing::Size(180, 20), Point(300, 225), this);
      ServiceContainerControl* control7 = new ServiceContainerControl(
         control3, System::Drawing::Size(180, 20), Point(300, 265), this);
      // Add controls

      Control* temp0 [] = 
         {control1, control2, control3, control4, control5, control6, control7};
      this->Controls->AddRange( temp0 );
   }

public:
   void ResetServiceTree(Object* /*sender*/, EventArgs* /*e*/)
   {
      // Remove the service from the service tree.
      if( root->GetService(__typeof(TextService)) != 0 )            
         root->RemoveService(__typeof(TextService), true);

      // Set all controls to "not obtained" and clear their labels.
      for( int i=0; i<Controls->Count; i++ )
         if( !Controls->Item[i]->Equals(reset_button) ) 
         {
            (dynamic_cast<ServiceContainerControl*>(Controls->Item[i]))->state = 
               TextServiceState::ServiceNotObtained;
            (dynamic_cast<ServiceContainerControl*>(Controls->Item[i]))->label = String::Empty;
            (dynamic_cast<ServiceContainerControl*>(Controls->Item[i]))->BackColor = 
               Color::Beige;
         }
   }

   void UpdateServiceCoverage()
   {
      // Have each control set state to reflect service availability.
      for( int i=0; i<Controls->Count; i++ )
         if( !Controls->Item[i]->Equals(reset_button) )                 
            (dynamic_cast<ServiceContainerControl*>(Controls->Item[i]))->ReflectServiceVisibility();                                 
   }

private:
   void InitializeComponent()
   {
      this->reset_button = new System::Windows::Forms::Button();
      this->SuspendLayout();
      // 
      // reset_button
      // 
      this->reset_button->Location = System::Drawing::Point(392, 88);
      this->reset_button->Name = S"reset_button";
      this->reset_button->TabIndex = 0;
      this->reset_button->TabStop = false;
      this->reset_button->Text = S"Reset";
      this->reset_button->Click += new System::EventHandler(this, &ServiceForm::ResetServiceTree);
      // 
      // ServiceForm
      // 
      this->AutoScaleBaseSize = System::Drawing::Size(5, 13);
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size(512, 373);

      System::Windows::Forms::Control* temp1 [] = {this->reset_button};
      this->Controls->AddRange(temp1);
      this->MinimumSize = System::Drawing::Size(520, 400);
      this->Name = S"ServiceForm";
      this->Text = S"Service Container Architecture Example";
      this->ResumeLayout(false);

   }

protected:
   void OnPaint(System::Windows::Forms::PaintEventArgs* e)
   {            
      e->Graphics->DrawString(S"The following tree diagram represents a "
         S"hierarchy of linked service containers in controls.", 
         new System::Drawing::Font(S"Arial", 9), new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 4, 4);
      e->Graphics->DrawString(S"This example demonstrates the propagation "
         S"behavior of services through a linked service object tree.", 
         new System::Drawing::Font(S"Arial", 8), new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 4, 26);            
      e->Graphics->DrawString(S"Right-click a component to add or replace a "
         S"text service, or to remove it if the component provided it.", 
         new System::Drawing::Font(S"Arial", 8), new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 4, 38);
      e->Graphics->DrawString(S"Left-click a component to update text from "
         S"the text service if available.", new System::Drawing::Font(S"Arial", 8), 
         new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 4, 50);

      // Draw lines to represent tree branches.
      e->Graphics->DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 1), 
         20, 125, 20, 258);
      e->Graphics->DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 1), 
         21, 175, 45, 175);
      e->Graphics->DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 1), 
         21, 258, 45, 258);
      e->Graphics->DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 1), 
         255, 175, 285, 175);
      e->Graphics->DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 1), 
         255, 258, 285, 258);
      e->Graphics->DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 1), 
         285, 155, 285, 195);
      e->Graphics->DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 1), 
         285, 238, 285, 278);            
      e->Graphics->DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 1), 
         285, 155, 290, 155);
      e->Graphics->DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 1), 
         285, 195, 290, 195);
      e->Graphics->DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 1), 
         285, 238, 290, 238);
      e->Graphics->DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 1), 
         285, 278, 290, 278);

      // Draw color key.
      e->Graphics->DrawRectangle(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 1), 20, 305, 410, 60);
      int y=0;
      for( int i=0; i<3; i++ )
      {
         e->Graphics->FillRectangle(new SolidBrush(colorkeys[y]), 
            25+(i*140), 310, 20, 20);           
         e->Graphics->DrawRectangle(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 1), 
            25+(i*140), 310, 20, 20);     
         e->Graphics->DrawString(keystrings[y], new System::Drawing::Font(S"Arial", 8), 
            new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 50.0f+(i*140), 315.0f);
         y++;
         e->Graphics->FillRectangle(new SolidBrush(colorkeys[y]), 
            25+(i*140), 340, 20, 20);           
         e->Graphics->DrawRectangle(new Pen(new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 1), 
            25+(i*140), 340, 20, 20);              
         e->Graphics->DrawString(keystrings[y], new System::Drawing::Font(S"Arial", 8), 
            new SolidBrush(Color::Black), 50.0f+(i*140), 345.0f);
         y++;
      }
   }
};   

// Example Form for entering a string.
private __gc class StringInputDialog : public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
private:
   System::Windows::Forms::Button* ok_button;
   System::Windows::Forms::Button* cancel_button;
public:
   System::Windows::Forms::TextBox* inputTextBox;

   StringInputDialog(String* text)
   {
      InitializeComponent();
      inputTextBox->Text = text;
   }

private:
   void InitializeComponent()
   {
      this->ok_button = new System::Windows::Forms::Button();
      this->cancel_button = new System::Windows::Forms::Button();
      this->inputTextBox = new System::Windows::Forms::TextBox();
      this->SuspendLayout();
      this->ok_button->Anchor = static_cast<System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles>
         (System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Bottom
         | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Right);
      this->ok_button->Location = System::Drawing::Point(180, 43);
      this->ok_button->Name = S"ok_button";
      this->ok_button->TabIndex = 1;
      this->ok_button->Text = S"OK";      
      this->ok_button->DialogResult = System::Windows::Forms::DialogResult::OK;            
      this->cancel_button->Anchor = static_cast<System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles>
         (System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Bottom
         | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Right);
      this->cancel_button->Location = System::Drawing::Point(260, 43);
      this->cancel_button->Name = S"cancel_button";
      this->cancel_button->TabIndex = 2;
      this->cancel_button->Text = S"Cancel";            
      this->cancel_button->DialogResult = System::Windows::Forms::DialogResult::Cancel;
      this->inputTextBox->Location = System::Drawing::Point(6, 9);
      this->inputTextBox->Name = S"inputTextBox";
      this->inputTextBox->Size = System::Drawing::Size(327, 20);
      this->inputTextBox->TabIndex = 0;
      this->inputTextBox->Text = S"";            
      this->inputTextBox->Anchor = static_cast<System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles>
         (System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Top
         | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Left
         | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Right);
      this->AutoScaleBaseSize = System::Drawing::Size(5, 13);
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size(342, 73);

      System::Windows::Forms::Control* temp4 [] = 
         {this->inputTextBox, this->cancel_button, this->ok_button};
      this->Controls->AddRange(temp4);
      this->MinimumSize = System::Drawing::Size(350, 100);
      this->Name = S"StringInputDialog";
      this->Text = S"Text Service Provide String Dialog";
      this->ResumeLayout(false);
   }
};

void ServiceContainerControl::OnMouseDown(System::Windows::Forms::MouseEventArgs* e)
{
   //  This example control responds to mouse clicks as follows:
   //
   //      Left click - control attempts to obtain a text service 
   //      and sets its label text to the text provided by the service
   //      Right click - if the control has already provided a text 
   //      service, this control does nothing. Otherwise, the control 
   //      shows a dialog box to specify text to provide as a new text 
   //      service, after clearing the tree's services.

   if( e->Button == MouseButtons::Left )
   {
      if( state_ != TextServiceState::ServiceProvided )
      {
         // Attempt to update text from service, and set 
         // color state accordingly.
         TextService* ts = 
            dynamic_cast<TextService*>(GetService(__typeof(TextService)));
         if( ts != 0 )
         {
            this->label = ts->text;
            state = TextServiceState::ServiceObtained;
         }
         else
         {                    
            this->label = S"Service Not Found";                        
            state = TextServiceState::ServiceNotFound;
         }
      }
   }
   if( e->Button == MouseButtons::Right )
   {
      if( state_ == TextServiceState::ServiceProvided )
      {
         // Remove the service if the container provided it.
         if( GetService(__typeof(TextService)) != 0 )
         {
            RemoveService(__typeof(TextService), true);
            state = TextServiceState::ServiceNotObtained; 
            this->label = S"Service Removed";                                                                   
         }                    
      }
      else
      {
         // Obtain string and provide text service.
         StringInputDialog* form = 
            new StringInputDialog(S"Test String");
         form->StartPosition = FormStartPosition::CenterParent;
         if( form->ShowDialog() == DialogResult::OK )
         {
            if( GetService(__typeof(TextService)) != 0 )                        
               RemoveService(__typeof(TextService), true);                                                                            
            parent->ResetServiceTree(this, new EventArgs());

            AddService(__typeof(TextService), 
               new TextService( form->inputTextBox->Text ), true);

            // The following commented method uses a service creator callback.
            // AddService(typeof(TextService), 
            //  new ServiceCreatorCallback(this.CreateTextService));                                                

            state = TextServiceState::ServiceProvided;
            this->label = String::Format( S"Provided Text: {0}", form->inputTextBox->Text );                                 
         }
      }
   }
   parent->UpdateServiceCoverage();
}

[STAThread]
int main() 
{
   Application::Run(new ServiceForm());
}

[JScript] No example is available for JScript. To view a Visual Basic, C#, or C++ example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Namespace: System.ComponentModel.Design

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family

Assembly: System (in System.dll)

See Also

IServiceContainer Members | System.ComponentModel.Design Namespace | IDesignerHost | IServiceProvider

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