Export (0) Print
Expand All

AsyncCompletedEventArgs.UserState Property

Gets the unique identifier for the asynchronous task.

Namespace:  System.ComponentModel
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

public Object UserState { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.Object
An object reference that uniquely identifies the asynchronous task; otherwise, null if no value has been set.

If a class supports multiple asynchronous methods, or multiple invocations of a single method, you can determine which task raised the MethodNameCompleted event by checking the value of the UserState property. Your code will need track these tokens, known as task IDs, as their corresponding asynchronous tasks start and complete.

The value of this property is set during the original call to the asynchronous method that started the task.

The following code example demonstrates using an AsyncOperation to track the lifetime of asynchronous operations. This code example is part of a larger example provided for the System.ComponentModel.AsyncOperationManager class.

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Threading;
using System.Windows.Forms;


...


// This event handler updates the ListView control when the
// PrimeNumberCalculator raises the CalculatePrimeCompleted
// event. The ListView item is updated with the appropriate
// outcome of the calculation: Canceled, Error, or result.
private void primeNumberCalculator1_CalculatePrimeCompleted(
    object sender, 
    CalculatePrimeCompletedEventArgs e)
{
    Guid taskId = (Guid)e.UserState;

    if (e.Cancelled)
    {   
        string result = "Canceled";

        ListViewItem lvi = UpdateListViewItem(taskId, result);

        if (lvi != null)
        {
            lvi.BackColor = Color.Pink;
            lvi.Tag = null;
        }
    }
    else if (e.Error != null)
    {
        string result = "Error";

        ListViewItem lvi = UpdateListViewItem(taskId, result);

        if (lvi != null)
        {
            lvi.BackColor = Color.Red;
            lvi.ForeColor = Color.White;
            lvi.Tag = null;
        }
    }
    else
    {   
        bool result = e.IsPrime;

        ListViewItem lvi = UpdateListViewItem(
            taskId, 
            result, 
            e.FirstDivisor);

        if (lvi != null)
        {
            lvi.BackColor = Color.LightGray;
            lvi.Tag = null;
        }
    }
}

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft