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StringDictionary::Item Property

Gets or sets the value associated with the specified key.

Namespace:  System.Collections.Specialized
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

public:
virtual property String^ Item[String^ key] {
	String^ get (String^ key);
	void set (String^ key, String^ value);
}

Parameters

key
Type: System::String

The key whose value to get or set.

Property Value

Type: System::String
The value associated with the specified key. If the specified key is not found, Get returns nullptr, and Set creates a new entry with the specified key.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

key is nullptr.

The key is handled in a case-insensitive manner; it is translated to lowercase before it is used.

A key cannot be nullptr, but a value can. To distinguish between nullptr that is returned because the specified key is not found and nullptr that is returned because the value of the specified key is nullptr, use the ContainsKey method to determine if the key exists in the list.

The C# language uses the this keyword to define the indexers instead of implementing the Item property. Visual Basic implements Item as a default property, which provides the same indexing functionality.

Retrieving the value of this property is an O(1) operation; setting the property is also an O(1) operation.

The following code example enumerates the elements of a StringDictionary.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Collections::Specialized;

void PrintKeysAndValues1( StringDictionary^ myCol );
void PrintKeysAndValues2( StringDictionary^ myCol );
void PrintKeysAndValues3( StringDictionary^ myCol );

int main()
{
   // Creates and initializes a new StringDictionary.
   StringDictionary^ myCol = gcnew StringDictionary;
   myCol->Add( "red", "rojo" );
   myCol->Add( "green", "verde" );
   myCol->Add( "blue", "azul" );

   // Display the contents of the collection using for each. This is the preferred method.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using for each:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );

   // Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the IEnumerator:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues2( myCol );

   // Display the contents of the collection using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues3( myCol );
}

// Uses the for each statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator. 
// NOTE: The for each statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection. 
void PrintKeysAndValues1( StringDictionary^ myCol )  {
   Console::WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
   for each ( DictionaryEntry^ de in myCol )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", de->Key, de->Value );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

// Uses the enumerator.  
void PrintKeysAndValues2( StringDictionary^ myCol )
{
   IEnumerator^ myEnumerator = myCol->GetEnumerator();
   DictionaryEntry^ de;
   Console::WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
   while ( myEnumerator->MoveNext() )
   {
      de =  (DictionaryEntry^)(myEnumerator->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", de->Key, de->Value );
   }
   Console::WriteLine();
}

// Uses the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties. 
void PrintKeysAndValues3( StringDictionary^ myCol )
{
   array<String^>^myKeys = gcnew array<String^>(myCol->Count);
   myCol->Keys->CopyTo( myKeys, 0 );
   Console::WriteLine( "   INDEX KEY                       VALUE" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myCol->Count; i++ )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-5} {1,-25} {2}", i, myKeys[ i ], myCol[ myKeys[ i ] ] );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Displays the elements using for each:
   KEY                       VALUE
   red                       rojo
   blue                      azul
   green                     verde

Displays the elements using the IEnumerator:
   KEY                       VALUE
   red                       rojo
   blue                      azul
   green                     verde

Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:
   INDEX KEY                       VALUE
   0     red                       rojo
   1     blue                      azul
   2     green                     verde

*/

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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