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IOrderedDictionary.Insert Method

Inserts a key/value pair into the collection at the specified index.

Namespace: System.Collections.Specialized
Assembly: System (in system.dll)

void Insert (
	int index,
	Object key,
	Object value
)
void Insert (
	int index, 
	Object key, 
	Object value
)
function Insert (
	index : int, 
	key : Object, 
	value : Object
)
Not applicable.

Parameters

index

The zero-based index at which the key/value pair should be inserted.

key

The object to use as the key of the element to add.

value

The object to use as the value of the element to add. The value can be a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

Exception typeCondition

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

index is less than 0.

-or-

index is greater than Count.

ArgumentNullException

key is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

ArgumentException

An element with the same key already exists in the IOrderedDictionary collection.

NotSupportedException

The IOrderedDictionary collection is read-only.

-or-

The IOrderedDictionary collection has a fixed size.

IOrderedDictionary accepts a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic) as a valid value and allows duplicate elements.

If the index parameter is equal to Count, the value parameter is added to the end of the IOrderedDictionary collection.

In collections of contiguous elements, such as lists, the elements that follow the insertion point move down to accommodate the new element. If the collection is indexed, the indexes of the elements that are moved are also updated. This behavior does not apply to collections where elements are conceptually grouped together, such as a hash table.

The following code example demonstrates the implementation of a simple IOrderedDictionary based on the ArrayList class. The implemented IOrderedDictionary stores first names as the keys and last names as the values, with the added requirement that each first name is unique. This code is part of a larger code example provided for the IOrderedDictionary class.

public class People : IOrderedDictionary
{
    private ArrayList _people;

    public People(int numItems)
    {
        _people = new ArrayList(numItems);
    }

    public int IndexOfKey(object key)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < _people.Count; i++)
        {
            if (((DictionaryEntry)_people[i]).Key == key)
                return i;
        }

        // key not found, reutrn -1.
        return -1;
    }

    public object this[object key]
    {
        get
        {
            return ((DictionaryEntry)_people[IndexOfKey(key)]).Value;
        }
        set
        {
            _people[IndexOfKey(key)] = new DictionaryEntry(key, value);
        }
    }

    // IOrderedDictionary Members
    public IDictionaryEnumerator GetEnumerator()
    {
        return new PeopleEnum(_people);
    }

    public void Insert(int index, object key, object value)
    {
        if (IndexOfKey(key) != -1)
        {
            throw new ArgumentException("An element with the same key already exists in the collection.");
        }
        _people.Insert(index, new DictionaryEntry(key, value));
    }

    public void RemoveAt(int index)
    {
        _people.RemoveAt(index);
    }

    public object this[int index]
    {
        get
        {
            return ((DictionaryEntry)_people[index]).Value;
        }
        set
        {
            object key = ((DictionaryEntry)_people[index]).Key;
            _people[index] = new DictionaryEntry(Keys, value);
        }
    }
    // IDictionary Members

    public void Add(object key, object value)
    {
        if (IndexOfKey(key) != -1)
        {
            throw new ArgumentException("An element with the same key already exists in the collection.");
        }
        _people.Add(new DictionaryEntry(key, value));
    }

    public void Clear()
    {
        _people.Clear();
    }

    public bool Contains(object key)
    {
        if (IndexOfKey(key) == -1)
        {
            return false;
        }
        else
        {
            return true;
        }
    }

    public bool IsFixedSize
    {
        get
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    public bool IsReadOnly
    {
        get
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    public ICollection Keys
    {
        get
        {
            ArrayList KeyCollection = new ArrayList(_people.Count);
            for (int i = 0; i < _people.Count; i++)
            {
                KeyCollection[i] = ((DictionaryEntry)_people[i]).Key;
            }
            return KeyCollection;
        }
    }

    public void Remove(object key)
    {
        _people.RemoveAt(IndexOfKey(key));
    }

    public ICollection Values
    {
        get
        {
            ArrayList ValueCollection = new ArrayList(_people.Count);
            for (int i = 0; i < _people.Count; i++)
            {
                ValueCollection[i] = ((DictionaryEntry)_people[i]).Value;
            }
            return ValueCollection;
        }
    }


    // ICollection Members

    public void CopyTo(Array array, int index)
    {
        _people.CopyTo(array, index);
    }

    public int Count
    {
        get
        {
            return _people.Count;
        }
    }

    public bool IsSynchronized
    {
        get
        {
            return _people.IsSynchronized;
        }
    }

    public object SyncRoot
    {
        get
        {
            return _people.SyncRoot;
        }
    }

    // IEnumerable Members

    IEnumerator IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()
    {
        return new PeopleEnum(_people);
    }
}

public class PeopleEnum : IDictionaryEnumerator
{
    public ArrayList _people;
    
    // Enumerators are positioned before the first element
    // until the first MoveNext() call.
    int position = -1;

    public PeopleEnum(ArrayList list)
    {
        _people = list;
    }

    public bool MoveNext()
    {
        position++;
        return (position < _people.Count);
    }

    public void Reset()
    {
        position = -1;
    }

    public object Current
    {
        get
        {
            try
            {
                return _people[position];
            }
            catch (IndexOutOfRangeException)
            {
                throw new InvalidOperationException();
            }
        }
    }

    public DictionaryEntry Entry
    {
        get
        {
            return (DictionaryEntry)Current;
        }
    }

    public object Key
    {
        get
        {
            try
            {
                return ((DictionaryEntry)_people[position]).Key;
            }
            catch (IndexOutOfRangeException)
            {
                throw new InvalidOperationException();
            }
        }
    }

    public object Value
    {
        get
        {
            try
            {
                return ((DictionaryEntry)_people[position]).Value;
            }
            catch (IndexOutOfRangeException)
            {
                throw new InvalidOperationException();
            }
        }
    }
}

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0

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