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Hashtable.Contains Method

Determines whether the Hashtable contains a specific key.

Namespace: System.Collections
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public virtual bool Contains (
	Object key
)
public boolean Contains (
	Object key
)
public function Contains (
	key : Object
) : boolean
Not applicable.

Parameters

key

The key to locate in the Hashtable.

Return Value

true if the Hashtable contains an element with the specified key; otherwise, false.

Exception typeCondition

ArgumentNullException

key is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

Contains implements IDictionary.Contains. It behaves exactly as ContainsKey.

This method is an O(1) operation.

Starting with the .NET Framework 2.0, this method uses the collection’s objects’ Equals and CompareTo methods on item to determine whether item exists. In the earlier versions of the .NET Framework, this determination was made by using the Equals and CompareTo methods of the item parameter on the objects in the collection.

The following example shows how to determine whether the Hashtable contains a specific element.

using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesHashtable  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new Hashtable.
      Hashtable myHT = new Hashtable();
      myHT.Add( 0, "zero" );
      myHT.Add( 1, "one" );
      myHT.Add( 2, "two" );
      myHT.Add( 3, "three" );
      myHT.Add( 4, "four" );

      // Displays the values of the Hashtable.
      Console.WriteLine( "The Hashtable contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( myHT );

      // Searches for a specific key.
      int myKey = 2;
      Console.WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, myHT.ContainsKey( myKey ) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
      myKey = 6;
      Console.WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, myHT.ContainsKey( myKey ) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );

      // Searches for a specific value.
      String myValue = "three";
      Console.WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, myHT.ContainsValue( myValue ) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
      myValue = "nine";
      Console.WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, myHT.ContainsValue( myValue ) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
   }


   public static void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( Hashtable myHT )  {
      int i = 0;
      Console.WriteLine( "\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-" );
      foreach ( DictionaryEntry de in myHT )
         Console.WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}\t{2}", i++, de.Key, de.Value );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}


/* 
This code produces the following output.

The Hashtable contains the following values:
        -INDEX- -KEY-   -VALUE-
        [0]:    4       four
        [1]:    3       three
        [2]:    2       two
        [3]:    1       one
        [4]:    0       zero

The key "2" is in the Hashtable.
The key "6" is NOT in the Hashtable.
The value "three" is in the Hashtable.
The value "nine" is NOT in the Hashtable.

*/ 

import System.*;
import System.Collections.*;

public class SamplesHashtable
{
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Creates and initializes a new Hashtable.
        Hashtable myHT = new Hashtable();

        myHT.Add(new Integer(0), "zero");
        myHT.Add(new Integer(1), "one");
        myHT.Add(new Integer(2), "two");
        myHT.Add(new Integer(3), "three");
        myHT.Add(new Integer(4), "four");

        // Displays the values of the Hashtable.
        Console.WriteLine("The Hashtable contains the following values:");
        PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(myHT);

        // Searches for a specific key.
        int myKey = 2;

        Console.WriteLine("The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", 
            System.Convert.ToString(myKey), 
            (myHT.ContainsKey(new Integer(myKey))) ? 
            "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable");
        myKey = 6;
        Console.WriteLine("The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", 
            System.Convert.ToString(myKey), 
            (myHT.ContainsKey(new Integer(myKey))) ? 
            "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable");

        // Searches for a specific value.
        String myValue = "three";

        Console.WriteLine("The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, 
            (myHT.ContainsValue(myValue)) ? 
            "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable");
        myValue = "nine";
        Console.WriteLine("The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, 
            (myHT.ContainsValue(myValue)) ? 
            "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable");
    } //main

    public static void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(Hashtable myHT)
    {
        int i = 0;
        Console.WriteLine("\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-");
        IEnumerator myEnumerator = myHT.GetEnumerator();

		while (myEnumerator.MoveNext()) {
			DictionaryEntry de = (DictionaryEntry)myEnumerator.get_Current();
            Console.WriteLine("\t[{0}]:\t{1}\t{2}", 
                System.Convert.ToString(i++), 
                de.get_Key().toString(), de.get_Value().toString());
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    } //PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues
} //SamplesHashtable 

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The Hashtable contains the following values:
         -INDEX- -KEY-   -VALUE-
         [0]:    4       four
         [1]:    3       three
         [2]:    2       two
         [3]:    1       one
         [4]:    0       zero

 The key "2" is in the Hashtable.
 The key "6" is NOT in the Hashtable.
 The value "three" is in the Hashtable.
 The value "nine" is NOT in the Hashtable.
 */

import System
import System.Collections
import Microsoft.VisualBasic

// Creates and initializes a new Hashtable.
var myHT : Hashtable = new Hashtable()
myHT.Add(0, "zero")
myHT.Add(1, "one")
myHT.Add(2, "two")
myHT.Add(3, "three")
myHT.Add(4, "four")

// Displays the values of the Hashtable.
Console.WriteLine("The Hashtable contains the following values:")
PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(myHT)

// Searches for a specific key.
var msg : String
var myKey : int = 2
if(myHT.ContainsKey(myKey))
    msg = "in the Hashtable"
else
    msg = "NOT in the Hashtable"
Console.WriteLine("The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, msg)
myKey = 6
if(myHT.ContainsKey(myKey))
    msg = "in the Hashtable"
else
    msg = "NOT in the Hashtable"
Console.WriteLine("The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, msg)

// Searches for a specific value.
var myValue : String = "three"
if(myHT.ContainsValue(myValue))
    msg = "in the Hashtable"
else
    msg = "NOT in the Hashtable"
Console.WriteLine("The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, msg)
myValue = "nine"
if(myHT.ContainsValue(myValue))
    msg = "in the Hashtable"
else
    msg = "NOT in the Hashtable"
Console.WriteLine("The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, msg)

function PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(myList : Hashtable){
    var myEnumerator : IDictionaryEnumerator = myList.GetEnumerator()
    var i : int = 0
    Console.WriteLine("\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-")
    while(myEnumerator.MoveNext()){
        Console.WriteLine("\t[{0}]:\t{1}\t{2}", i++, myEnumerator.Key,
            myEnumerator.Value)
    }
    Console.WriteLine()
}

// This code produces the following output.
// 
// The Hashtable contains the following values:
//     -INDEX-    -KEY-    -VALUE-
//     [0]:       4        four
//     [1]:       3        three
//     [2]:       2        two
//     [3]:       1        one
//     [4]:       0        zero
// 
// The key "2" is in the Hashtable.
// The key "6" is NOT in the Hashtable.
// The value "three" is in the Hashtable.
// The value "nine" is NOT in the Hashtable. 

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 1.0

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