Export (0) Print
Expand All
This topic has not yet been rated - Rate this topic

BitConverter.ToSingle Method

Returns a single-precision floating point number converted from four bytes at a specified position in a byte array.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
public static float ToSingle(
	byte[] value,
	int startIndex
)

Parameters

value
Type: System.Byte[]

An array of bytes.

startIndex
Type: System.Int32

The starting position within value.

Return Value

Type: System.Single
A single-precision floating point number formed by four bytes beginning at startIndex.
ExceptionCondition
ArgumentException

startIndex is greater than or equal to the length of value minus 3, and is less than or equal to the length of value minus 1.

ArgumentNullException

value is null.

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

startIndex is less than zero or greater than the length of value minus 1.

The ToSingle method converts the bytes from index startIndex to startIndex + 3 to a Single value. The order of bytes in the array must reflect the endianness of the computer system's architecture; for more information, see the Remarks section of BitConverter.

The following code example converts elements of Byte arrays to Single values with the ToSingle method.

// Example of the BitConverter.ToSingle method. 
using System;

class BytesToSingleDemo
{
    const string formatter = "{0,5}{1,17}{2,18:E7}";

    // Convert four byte array elements to a float and display it. 
    public static void BAToSingle( byte[ ] bytes, int index )
    {
        float value = BitConverter.ToSingle( bytes, index );

        Console.WriteLine( formatter, index, 
            BitConverter.ToString( bytes, index, 4 ), value );
    }

    // Display a byte array, using multiple lines if necessary. 
    public static void WriteMultiLineByteArray( byte[ ] bytes )
    {
        const int rowSize = 20;
        int iter;

        Console.WriteLine( "initial byte array" );
        Console.WriteLine( "------------------" );

        for( iter = 0; iter < bytes.Length - rowSize; iter += rowSize )
        {
            Console.Write( 
                BitConverter.ToString( bytes, iter, rowSize ) );
            Console.WriteLine( "-" );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( BitConverter.ToString( bytes, iter ) );
        Console.WriteLine( );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        byte[ ] byteArray = {
              0,   0,   0,   0, 128,  63,   0,   0, 112,  65, 
              0, 255, 127,  71,   0,   0, 128,  59,   0,   0, 
            128,  47,  73,  70, 131,   5,  75,   6, 158,  63, 
             77,   6, 158,  63,  80,   6, 158,  63,  30,  55, 
            190, 121, 255, 255, 127, 255, 255, 127, 127,   1, 
              0,   0,   0, 192, 255,   0,   0, 128, 255,   0, 
              0, 128, 127 };

        Console.WriteLine(
            "This example of the BitConverter.ToSingle( byte( ), " +
            "int ) \nmethod generates the following output. It " +
            "converts elements \nof a byte array to float values.\n" );

        WriteMultiLineByteArray( byteArray );

        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "index", "array elements", 
            "float" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "-----", "--------------", 
            "-----" );

        // Convert byte array elements to float values.
        BAToSingle( byteArray, 0 );
        BAToSingle( byteArray, 2 );
        BAToSingle( byteArray, 6 );
        BAToSingle( byteArray, 10 );
        BAToSingle( byteArray, 14 );
        BAToSingle( byteArray, 18 );
        BAToSingle( byteArray, 22 );
        BAToSingle( byteArray, 26 );
        BAToSingle( byteArray, 30 );
        BAToSingle( byteArray, 34 );
        BAToSingle( byteArray, 38 );
        BAToSingle( byteArray, 42 );
        BAToSingle( byteArray, 45 );
        BAToSingle( byteArray, 49 );
        BAToSingle( byteArray, 51 );
        BAToSingle( byteArray, 55 );
        BAToSingle( byteArray, 59 );
    }
}

/*
This example of the BitConverter.ToSingle( byte( ), int )
method generates the following output. It converts elements
of a byte array to float values.

initial byte array
------------------
00-00-00-00-80-3F-00-00-70-41-00-FF-7F-47-00-00-80-3B-00-00-
80-2F-49-46-83-05-4B-06-9E-3F-4D-06-9E-3F-50-06-9E-3F-1E-37-
BE-79-FF-FF-7F-FF-FF-7F-7F-01-00-00-00-C0-FF-00-00-80-FF-00-
00-80-7F

index   array elements             float
-----   --------------             -----
    0      00-00-00-00    0.0000000E+000
    2      00-00-80-3F    1.0000000E+000
    6      00-00-70-41    1.5000000E+001
   10      00-FF-7F-47    6.5535000E+004
   14      00-00-80-3B    3.9062500E-003
   18      00-00-80-2F    2.3283064E-010
   22      49-46-83-05    1.2345000E-035
   26      4B-06-9E-3F    1.2345671E+000
   30      4D-06-9E-3F    1.2345673E+000
   34      50-06-9E-3F    1.2345676E+000
   38      1E-37-BE-79    1.2345679E+035
   42      FF-FF-7F-FF   -3.4028235E+038
   45      FF-FF-7F-7F    3.4028235E+038
   49      01-00-00-00    1.4012985E-045
   51      00-00-C0-FF               NaN
   55      00-00-80-FF         -Infinity
   59      00-00-80-7F          Infinity
*/

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Silverlight 8.1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Show:
© 2014 Microsoft. All rights reserved.