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Modifying a Word Command

Last modified: March 14, 2012

Applies to: Office 2013 | Word 2013

You can modify most Microsoft Word commands by turning them into macros. For example, you can modify the Open command on the File tab so that instead of displaying a list of Worddocument files (files ending with the .doc file name extension), Word displays every file in the current folder.

To display the list of built-in Word commands in the Macro dialog box (Alt-F8), you select Word Commands in the Macros In box. Every command available on the ribbon or through shortcut keys is listed. Commands begin with the menu name that was associated with the command before menus were replaced with the ribbon. For example, the Save command, which was formerly on the File menu, is listed as FileSave.

You can replace a Word command with a macro by giving a macro the same name as a Word command. For example, if you create a macro named "FileSave," Word runs the macro when you choose Save from the File menu, click the Save toolbar button, or press the Ctrl-S shortcut key combination.

This example takes you through the steps needed to modify the FileSave command.

  1. Press Alt-F8.

  2. In the Macros in box, select Word commands.

  3. In the Macro name box, select "FileSave".

  4. In the Macros in box, select a template or document location to store the macro. For example, select "Normal.dot (Global Template)" to create a global macro (this modifies the FileSave command for all documents that use the normal tempate).

  5. Click Create.

The FileSave macro appears as shown below.

Sub FileSave() 
' 
' FileSave Macro 
' Saves the active document or template 
' 
    ActiveDocument.Save 
 
End Sub

You can add additional instructions or remove the existing ActiveDocument.Save instruction. Now every time the FileSave command runs, your FileSave macro runs instead of the Word command. To restore the original FileSave functionality, you need to rename or delete your FileSave macro.

You can also replace a Word command by creating a code module named after a Word command (for example, FileSave) with a subroutine named Main.

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