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Application.SendKeys Method (Excel)

Sends keystrokes to the active application.

expression .SendKeys(Keys, Wait)

expression A variable that represents an Application object.

Parameters

Name

Required/Optional

Data Type

Description

Keys

Required

Variant

The key or key combination you want to send to the application, as text.

Wait

Optional

Variant

True to have Microsoft Excel wait for the keys to be processed before returning control to the macro. False (or omitted) to continue running the macro without waiting for the keys to be processed.

This method places keystrokes in a key buffer. In some cases, you must call this method before you call the method that will use the keystrokes. For example, to send a password to a dialog box, you must call the SendKeys method before you display the dialog box.

The Keys argument can specify any single key or any key combined with ALT, CTRL, or SHIFT (or any combination of those keys). Each key is represented by one or more characters, such as "a" for the character a, or "{ENTER}" for the ENTER key.

To specify characters that aren't displayed when you press the corresponding key (for example, ENTER or TAB), use the codes listed in the following table. Each code in the table represents one key on the keyboard.

Key

Code

BACKSPACE

{BACKSPACE} or {BS}

BREAK

{BREAK}

CAPS LOCK

{CAPSLOCK}

CLEAR

{CLEAR}

DELETE or DEL

{DELETE} or {DEL}

DOWN ARROW

{DOWN}

END

{END}

ENTER (numeric keypad)

{ENTER}

ENTER

~ (tilde)

ESC

{ESCAPE} or {ESC}

HELP

{HELP}

HOME

{HOME}

INS

{INSERT}

LEFT ARROW

{LEFT}

NUM LOCK

{NUMLOCK}

PAGE DOWN

{PGDN}

PAGE UP

{PGUP}

RETURN

{RETURN}

RIGHT ARROW

{RIGHT}

SCROLL LOCK

{SCROLLLOCK}

TAB

{TAB}

UP ARROW

{UP}

F1 through F15

{F1} through {F15}

You can also specify keys combined with SHIFT and/or CTRL and/or ALT. To specify a key combined with another key or keys, use the following table.

To combine a key with

Precede the key code with

SHIFT

+ (plus sign)

CTRL

^ (caret)

ALT

% (percent sign)

This example uses the SendKeys method to quit Microsoft Excel.

Application.SendKeys("%fx")

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