Writing Visual Basic Statements
- Declaration statements, which name a variable, constant, or procedure and can also specify a data type.
- Assignment statements, which assign a value or expression to a variable or constant.
- Executable statements, which initiate actions. These statements can execute a method or function, and they can loop or branch through blocks of code. Executable statements often contain mathematical or conditional operators.
Continuing a Statement over Multiple Lines
A statement usually fits on one line, but you can continue a statement onto the next line using a line-continuation character. In the following example, the MsgBox executable statement is continued over three lines:
Comments can explain a procedure or a particular instruction to anyone reading your code. Visual Basic ignores comments when it runs your procedures. Comment lines begin with an apostrophe (') or with Rem followed by a space, and can be added anywhere in a procedure. To add a comment to the same line as a statement, insert an apostrophe after the statement, followed by the comment. By default, comments are displayed as green text.
Checking Syntax Errors
If you press ENTER after typing a line of code and the line is displayed in red (an error message may display as well), you must find out what's wrong with your statement, and then correct it.