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ListView Styles and Templates

This topic describes the styles and templates for the ListView control. You can modify the default ControlTemplate to give the control a unique appearance. For more information, see Customizing the Appearance of an Existing Control by Creating a ControlTemplate.

The ListView control does not have any named parts.

When you create a ControlTemplate for a ListView, your template might contain an ItemsPresenter within a ScrollViewer. (The ItemsPresenter displays each item in the ListView; the ScrollViewer enables scrolling within the control). If the ItemsPresenter is not the direct child of the ScrollViewer, you must give the ItemsPresenter the name, ItemsPresenter.

The following table lists the visual states for the ListView control.

VisualState Name

VisualStateGroup Name

Description

Valid

ValidationStates

The control uses the Validation class and the Validation.HasError attached property is false.

InvalidFocused

ValidationStates

The Validation.HasError attached property is true has the control has focus.

InvalidUnfocused

ValidationStates

The Validation.HasError attached property is true has the control does not have focus.

The ListViewItem control does not have any named parts.

The following table lists the states for the ListViewItem control.

VisualState Name

VisualStateGroup Name

Description

Normal

CommonStates

The default state.

Disabled

CommonStates

The control is disabled.

MouseOver

CommonStates

The mouse pointer is over the ComboBox control.

Focused

FocusStates

The control has focus.

Unfocused

FocusStates

The control does not have focus.

Selected

SelectionStates

The item is currently selected.

Unselected

SelectionStates

The item is not selected.

SelectedUnfocused

SelectionStates

The item is selected, but does not have focus.

Valid

ValidationStates

The control uses the Validation class and the Validation.HasError attached property is false.

InvalidFocused

ValidationStates

The Validation.HasError attached property is true has the control has focus.

InvalidUnfocused

ValidationStates

The Validation.HasError attached property is true has the control does not have focus.

The following example shows how to define a ControlTemplate for the ListView control and its associated types.

<Style x:Key="{x:Static GridView.GridViewScrollViewerStyleKey}"
       TargetType="ScrollViewer">
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="ScrollViewer">
        <Grid Background="{TemplateBinding Background}">
          <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <ColumnDefinition Width="*" />
            <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
          </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
          <Grid.RowDefinitions>
            <RowDefinition Height="*" />
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
          </Grid.RowDefinitions>

          <DockPanel Margin="{TemplateBinding Padding}">
            <ScrollViewer DockPanel.Dock="Top"
                          HorizontalScrollBarVisibility="Hidden"
                          VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Hidden"
                          Focusable="false">
              <GridViewHeaderRowPresenter Margin="2,0,2,0"
                                          Columns="{Binding Path=TemplatedParent.View.Columns,
                RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                                          ColumnHeaderContainerStyle="{Binding
                Path=TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderContainerStyle,
                RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                                          ColumnHeaderTemplate="{Binding
                Path=TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderTemplate,
                RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                                          ColumnHeaderTemplateSelector="{Binding 
                Path=TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderTemplateSelector,
                RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                                          AllowsColumnReorder="{Binding
                Path=TemplatedParent.View.AllowsColumnReorder,
                RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                                          ColumnHeaderContextMenu="{Binding
                Path=TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderContextMenu,
                RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                                          ColumnHeaderToolTip="{Binding
                Path=TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderToolTip,
                RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                                          SnapsToDevicePixels="{TemplateBinding
                SnapsToDevicePixels}" />
            </ScrollViewer>

            <ScrollContentPresenter Name="PART_ScrollContentPresenter"
                                    KeyboardNavigation.DirectionalNavigation="Local"
                                    CanContentScroll="True"
                                    CanHorizontallyScroll="False"
                                    CanVerticallyScroll="False" />
          </DockPanel>

          <ScrollBar Name="PART_HorizontalScrollBar"
                     Orientation="Horizontal"
                     Grid.Row="1"
                     Maximum="{TemplateBinding ScrollableWidth}"
                     ViewportSize="{TemplateBinding ViewportWidth}"
                     Value="{TemplateBinding HorizontalOffset}"
                     Visibility="{TemplateBinding ComputedHorizontalScrollBarVisibility}" />

          <ScrollBar Name="PART_VerticalScrollBar"
                     Grid.Column="1"
                     Maximum="{TemplateBinding ScrollableHeight}"
                     ViewportSize="{TemplateBinding ViewportHeight}"
                     Value="{TemplateBinding VerticalOffset}"
                     Visibility="{TemplateBinding ComputedVerticalScrollBarVisibility}" />

        </Grid>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<Style x:Key="GridViewColumnHeaderGripper"
       TargetType="Thumb">
  <Setter Property="Width"
          Value="18" />
  <Setter Property="Background">
    <Setter.Value>
      <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                           EndPoint="0,1">
        <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
          <GradientStopCollection>
            <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderLightColor}"
                          Offset="0.0" />
            <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                          Offset="1.0" />
          </GradientStopCollection>
        </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
      </LinearGradientBrush>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}">
        <Border Padding="{TemplateBinding Padding}"
                Background="Transparent">
          <Rectangle HorizontalAlignment="Center"
                     Width="1"
                     Fill="{TemplateBinding Background}" />
        </Border>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
  <Setter Property="BorderBrush">
    <Setter.Value>
      <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1"
                           StartPoint="0.5,0">
        <GradientStop Color="Black"
                      Offset="0" />
        <GradientStop Color="White"
                      Offset="1" />
      </LinearGradientBrush>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<Style x:Key="{x:Type GridViewColumnHeader}"
       TargetType="GridViewColumnHeader">
  <Setter Property="HorizontalContentAlignment"
          Value="Center" />
  <Setter Property="VerticalContentAlignment"
          Value="Center" />
  <Setter Property="Foreground"
          Value="{DynamicResource {x:Static SystemColors.ControlTextBrushKey}}" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="GridViewColumnHeader">
        <Grid>
          <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates">
              <VisualState x:Name="Normal" />
              <VisualState x:Name="MouseOver">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
                    (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)"
                                                Storyboard.TargetName="HeaderBorder">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource ControlMouseOverColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
              <VisualState x:Name="Pressed" />
              <VisualState x:Name="Disabled" />
            </VisualStateGroup>
          </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
          <Border x:Name="HeaderBorder"
                  BorderThickness="0,1,0,1"
                  Padding="2,0,2,0">
            <Border.BorderBrush>
              <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                   EndPoint="0,1">
                <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                  <GradientStopCollection>
                    <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderLightColor}"
                                  Offset="0.0" />
                    <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                                  Offset="1.0" />
                  </GradientStopCollection>
                </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
              </LinearGradientBrush>

            </Border.BorderBrush>
            <Border.Background>

              <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                   EndPoint="0,1">
                <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                  <GradientStopCollection>
                    <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                                  Offset="0.0" />
                    <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                                  Offset="1.0" />
                  </GradientStopCollection>
                </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
              </LinearGradientBrush>

            </Border.Background>
            <ContentPresenter x:Name="HeaderContent"
                              Margin="0,0,0,1"
                              RecognizesAccessKey="True"
                              VerticalAlignment="{TemplateBinding VerticalContentAlignment}"
                              HorizontalAlignment="{TemplateBinding HorizontalContentAlignment}"
                              SnapsToDevicePixels="{TemplateBinding SnapsToDevicePixels}"/>
          </Border>
          <Thumb x:Name="PART_HeaderGripper"
                 HorizontalAlignment="Right"
                 Margin="0,0,-9,0"
                 Style="{StaticResource GridViewColumnHeaderGripper}" />
        </Grid>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
  <Style.Triggers>
    <Trigger Property="Role"
             Value="Floating">
      <Setter Property="Opacity"
              Value="0.7" />
      <Setter Property="Template">
        <Setter.Value>
          <ControlTemplate TargetType="GridViewColumnHeader">
            <Canvas Name="PART_FloatingHeaderCanvas">
              <Rectangle Fill="#60000000"
                         Width="{TemplateBinding ActualWidth}"
                         Height="{TemplateBinding ActualHeight}" />
            </Canvas>
          </ControlTemplate>
        </Setter.Value>
      </Setter>
    </Trigger>
    <Trigger Property="Role"
             Value="Padding">
      <Setter Property="Template">
        <Setter.Value>
          <ControlTemplate TargetType="GridViewColumnHeader">
            <Border Name="HeaderBorder"
                    BorderThickness="0,1,0,1">
              <Border.Background>
                <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}" />
              </Border.Background>
              <Border.BorderBrush>
                <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                     EndPoint="0,1">
                  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                    <GradientStopCollection>
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderLightColor}"
                                    Offset="0.0" />
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                                    Offset="1.0" />
                    </GradientStopCollection>
                  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                </LinearGradientBrush>
              </Border.BorderBrush>
            </Border>
          </ControlTemplate>
        </Setter.Value>
      </Setter>
    </Trigger>
  </Style.Triggers>
</Style>

<Style x:Key="{x:Type ListView}"
       TargetType="ListView">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.HorizontalScrollBarVisibility"
          Value="Auto" />
  <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.VerticalScrollBarVisibility"
          Value="Auto" />
  <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="VerticalContentAlignment"
          Value="Center" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="ListView">
        <Border Name="Border"
                BorderThickness="1">
          <Border.Background>
            <SolidColorBrush Color="{StaticResource ControlLightColor}" />
          </Border.Background>
          <Border.BorderBrush>
            <SolidColorBrush Color="{StaticResource BorderMediumColor}" />
          </Border.BorderBrush>
          <ScrollViewer Style="{DynamicResource
                        {x:Static GridView.GridViewScrollViewerStyleKey}}">
            <ItemsPresenter />
          </ScrollViewer>
        </Border>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
          <Trigger Property="IsGrouping"
                   Value="true">
            <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll"
                    Value="false" />
          </Trigger>
          <Trigger Property="IsEnabled"
                   Value="false">
            <Setter TargetName="Border"
                    Property="Background">
              <Setter.Value>
                <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource DisabledBorderLightColor}" />
              </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
          </Trigger>
        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<Style x:Key="{x:Type ListViewItem}"
       TargetType="ListViewItem">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="ListBoxItem">
        <Border x:Name="Border"
                Padding="2"
                SnapsToDevicePixels="true"
                Background="Transparent">
          <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates">
              <VisualState x:Name="Normal" />
              <VisualState x:Name="MouseOver" />
              <VisualState x:Name="Disabled" />
            </VisualStateGroup>
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="SelectionStates">
              <VisualState x:Name="Unselected" />
              <VisualState x:Name="Selected">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Border"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
                    (SolidColorBrush.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource SelectedBackgroundColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
              <VisualState x:Name="SelectedUnfocused">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Border"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
                    (SolidColorBrush.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource SelectedUnfocusedColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
            </VisualStateGroup>
          </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
          <GridViewRowPresenter VerticalAlignment="{TemplateBinding VerticalContentAlignment}" />
        </Border>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

The ControlTemplate examples use one or more of the following resources.

<!--Control colors.-->
<Color x:Key="WindowColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorLight">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorDark">#FF7381F9</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledControlLightColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledControlDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledForegroundColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="SelectedBackgroundColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="SelectedUnfocusedColor">#FFDDDDDD</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlLightColor">White</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlMediumColor">#FF7381F9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlDarkColor">#FF211AA9</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlMouseOverColor">#FF3843C4</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlPressedColor">#FF211AA9</Color>


<Color x:Key="GlyphColor">#FF444444</Color>
<Color x:Key="GlyphMouseOver">sc#1, 0.004391443, 0.002428215, 0.242281124</Color>

<!--Border colors-->
<Color x:Key="BorderLightColor">#FFCCCCCC</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderMediumColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="PressedBorderLightColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="PressedBorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderLightColor">#FFAAAAAA</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderDarkColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="DefaultBorderBrushDarkColor">Black</Color>

<!--Control-specific resources.-->
<Color x:Key="HeaderTopColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DatagridCurrentCellBorderColor">Black</Color>
<Color x:Key="SliderTrackDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>

<Color x:Key="NavButtonFrameColor">#FF3843C4</Color>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="MenuPopupBrush"
                     EndPoint="0.5,1"
                     StartPoint="0.5,0">
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="0" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                Offset="0.5" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="1" />
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="ProgressBarIndicatorAnimatedFill"
                     StartPoint="0,0"
                     EndPoint="1,0">
  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="0" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.4" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.6" />
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="1" />
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

For the complete sample, see Styling with ControlTemplates Sample.

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