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ListView ControlTemplate Example

Controls in Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) have a ControlTemplate that contains the visual tree of that control. You can change the structure and appearance of a control by modifying the ControlTemplate of that control. There is no way to replace only part of the visual tree of a control; to change the visual tree of a control you must set the Template property of the control to its new and complete ControlTemplate.

This topic shows the ControlTemplate of the WPF ListView control.

This topic contains the following sections.

Prerequisites

To run the examples in this topic, you should understand how to write WPF applications. For more information, see Get Started Using Windows Presentation Foundation. You should also understand how styles are used in WPF. For more information, see Styling and Templating.

ListView ControlTemplate Example

While this example contains all of the elements that are defined in the ControlTemplate of a ListView by default, the specific values should be thought of as examples.

<Style x:Key="{x:Static GridView.GridViewScrollViewerStyleKey}"
       TargetType="ScrollViewer">
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="ScrollViewer">
        <Grid Background="{TemplateBinding Background}">
          <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <ColumnDefinition Width="*"/>
            <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto"/>
          </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
          <Grid.RowDefinitions>
            <RowDefinition Height="*"/>
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
          </Grid.RowDefinitions>

          <DockPanel Margin="{TemplateBinding Padding}">
            <ScrollViewer DockPanel.Dock="Top"
              HorizontalScrollBarVisibility="Hidden"
              VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Hidden"
              Focusable="false">
              <GridViewHeaderRowPresenter Margin="2,0,2,0"
                Columns="{Binding Path=TemplatedParent.View.Columns,
                          RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                ColumnHeaderContainerStyle="{Binding
                             Path=TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderContainerStyle,
                             RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                ColumnHeaderTemplate="{Binding
                             Path=TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderTemplate,
                             RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                ColumnHeaderTemplateSelector="{Binding 
                             Path=TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderTemplateSelector,
                             RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                AllowsColumnReorder="{Binding
                             Path=TemplatedParent.View.AllowsColumnReorder,
                             RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                ColumnHeaderContextMenu="{Binding
                             Path=TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderContextMenu,
                             RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                ColumnHeaderToolTip="{Binding
                             Path=TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderToolTip,
                             RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                SnapsToDevicePixels="{TemplateBinding SnapsToDevicePixels}"/>
            </ScrollViewer>

            <ScrollContentPresenter Name="PART_ScrollContentPresenter"
              KeyboardNavigation.DirectionalNavigation="Local"/>
          </DockPanel>

          <ScrollBar Name="PART_HorizontalScrollBar"
            Orientation="Horizontal"
            Grid.Row="1"
            Maximum="{TemplateBinding ScrollableWidth}"
            ViewportSize="{TemplateBinding ViewportWidth}"
            Value="{TemplateBinding HorizontalOffset}"
            Visibility="{TemplateBinding ComputedHorizontalScrollBarVisibility}"/>

          <ScrollBar Name="PART_VerticalScrollBar"
            Grid.Column="1"
            Maximum="{TemplateBinding ScrollableHeight}"
            ViewportSize="{TemplateBinding ViewportHeight}"
            Value="{TemplateBinding VerticalOffset}"
            Visibility="{TemplateBinding ComputedVerticalScrollBarVisibility}"/>

        </Grid>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<Style x:Key="GridViewColumnHeaderGripper" TargetType="Thumb">
  <Setter Property="Width" Value="18"/>
  <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource NormalBorderBrush}"/>
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}">
        <Border Padding="{TemplateBinding Padding}"
          Background="Transparent">
          <Rectangle HorizontalAlignment="Center"
            Width="1"
            Fill="{TemplateBinding Background}"/>
        </Border>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<Style x:Key="{x:Type GridViewColumnHeader}"
       TargetType="GridViewColumnHeader">
  <Setter Property="HorizontalContentAlignment" Value="Center"/>
  <Setter Property="VerticalContentAlignment" Value="Center"/>
  <Setter Property="Foreground"
          Value="{DynamicResource {x:Static SystemColors.ControlTextBrushKey}}"/>
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="GridViewColumnHeader">
        <Grid>
          <Border Name="HeaderBorder"
            BorderThickness="0,1,0,1"
            BorderBrush="{StaticResource NormalBorderBrush}"
            Background="{StaticResource LightBrush}"
            Padding="2,0,2,0">
            <ContentPresenter Name="HeaderContent"
              Margin="0,0,0,1"
              VerticalAlignment="{TemplateBinding VerticalContentAlignment}"
              HorizontalAlignment="{TemplateBinding HorizontalContentAlignment}"
              RecognizesAccessKey="True"
              SnapsToDevicePixels="{TemplateBinding SnapsToDevicePixels}"/>
          </Border>
          <Thumb x:Name="PART_HeaderGripper"
            HorizontalAlignment="Right"
            Margin="0,0,-9,0"
            Style="{StaticResource GridViewColumnHeaderGripper}"/>
        </Grid>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
          <Trigger Property="IsMouseOver" Value="true">
            <Setter TargetName="HeaderBorder"
                    Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource NormalBrush}"/>
          </Trigger>
          <Trigger Property="IsPressed" Value="true">
            <Setter TargetName="HeaderBorder"
                    Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource PressedBrush}"/>
            <Setter TargetName="HeaderContent"
                    Property="Margin" Value="1,1,0,0"/>
          </Trigger>
          <Trigger Property="IsEnabled" Value="false">
            <Setter Property="Foreground"
                    Value="{DynamicResource {x:Static SystemColors.GrayTextBrushKey}}"/>
          </Trigger>
        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
  <Style.Triggers>
    <Trigger Property="Role" Value="Floating">
      <Setter Property="Opacity" Value="0.7"/>
      <Setter Property="Template">
        <Setter.Value>
          <ControlTemplate TargetType="GridViewColumnHeader">
            <Canvas Name="PART_FloatingHeaderCanvas">
              <Rectangle Fill="#60000000"
                Width="{TemplateBinding ActualWidth}"
                Height="{TemplateBinding ActualHeight}"/>
            </Canvas>
          </ControlTemplate>
        </Setter.Value>
      </Setter>
    </Trigger>
    <Trigger Property="Role" Value="Padding">
      <Setter Property="Template">
        <Setter.Value>
          <ControlTemplate TargetType="GridViewColumnHeader">
            <Border Name="HeaderBorder"
              BorderThickness="0,1,0,1"
              BorderBrush="{StaticResource NormalBorderBrush}"
              Background="{StaticResource LightBrush}"/>
          </ControlTemplate>
        </Setter.Value>
      </Setter>
    </Trigger>
  </Style.Triggers>
</Style>

<Style x:Key="{x:Type ListView}" TargetType="ListView">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels" Value="true"/>
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle" Value="true"/>
  <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.HorizontalScrollBarVisibility" Value="Auto"/>
  <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.VerticalScrollBarVisibility" Value="Auto"/>
  <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll" Value="true"/>
  <Setter Property="VerticalContentAlignment" Value="Center"/>
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="ListView">
        <Border Name="Border"
          BorderThickness="1"
          BorderBrush="{StaticResource SolidBorderBrush}"
          Background="{StaticResource WindowBackgroundBrush}">
          <ScrollViewer Style="{DynamicResource
                        {x:Static GridView.GridViewScrollViewerStyleKey}}">
            <ItemsPresenter />
          </ScrollViewer>
        </Border>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
          <Trigger Property="IsGrouping"
                   Value="true">
            <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll"
                    Value="false"/>
          </Trigger>
          <Trigger Property="IsEnabled"
                   Value="false">
            <Setter TargetName="Border"
                    Property="Background"
                    Value="{StaticResource DisabledBorderBrush}"/>
          </Trigger>
        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

The above example uses one or more of the following resources:

<!-- Fill Brushes -->

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="NormalBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="0,1">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#FFF" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#CCC" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="HorizontalNormalBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="1,0">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#FFF" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#CCC" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="LightBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="0,1">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#FFF" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#EEE" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="HorizontalLightBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="1,0">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#FFF" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#EEE" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="DarkBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="0,1">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#FFF" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#AAA" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="PressedBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="0,1">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#BBB" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#EEE" Offset="0.1"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#EEE" Offset="0.9"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#FFF" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<SolidColorBrush x:Key="DisabledForegroundBrush" Color="#888" />

<SolidColorBrush x:Key="DisabledBackgroundBrush" Color="#EEE" />

<SolidColorBrush x:Key="WindowBackgroundBrush" Color="#FFF" />

<SolidColorBrush x:Key="SelectedBackgroundBrush" Color="#DDD" />

<!-- Border Brushes -->

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="NormalBorderBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="0,1">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#CCC" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#444" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="HorizontalNormalBorderBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="1,0">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#CCC" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#444" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="DefaultedBorderBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="0,1">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#777" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#000" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="PressedBorderBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="0,1">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#444" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#888" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<SolidColorBrush x:Key="DisabledBorderBrush" Color="#AAA" />

<SolidColorBrush x:Key="SolidBorderBrush" Color="#888" />

<SolidColorBrush x:Key="LightBorderBrush" Color="#AAA" />

<!-- Miscellaneous Brushes -->
<SolidColorBrush x:Key="GlyphBrush" Color="#444" />

<SolidColorBrush x:Key="LightColorBrush" Color="#DDD" />


For the complete sample, see Styling with ControlTemplates Sample.

See Also

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