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How to: Filter Data in a View

This example shows how to filter data in a view.

To create a filter, define a method that provides the filtering logic. The method is used as a callback and accepts a parameter of type object. The following method returns all the Order objects with the filled property set to "No", filtering out the rest of the objects.

public bool Contains(object de)
{
    Order order = de as Order;
    //Return members whose Orders have not been filled 
    return(order.Filled== "No");
}

You can then apply the filter, as shown in the following example. In this example, myCollectionView is a ListCollectionView object.

myCollectionView.Filter = new Predicate<object>(Contains);

To undo filtering, you can set the Filter property to null:

myCollectionView.Filter = null;

For information about how to create or obtain a view, see How to: Get the Default View of a Data Collection. For the complete example, see Sorting and Filtering Items in a View Sample.

If your view object comes from a CollectionViewSource object, you apply filtering logic by setting an event handler for the Filter event. In the following example, listingDataView is an instance of CollectionViewSource.

listingDataView.Filter += new FilterEventHandler(ShowOnlyBargainsFilter);

The following shows the implementation of the example ShowOnlyBargainsFilter filter event handler. This event handler uses the Accepted property to filter out AuctionItem objects that have a CurrentPrice of $25 or greater.

private void ShowOnlyBargainsFilter(object sender, FilterEventArgs e)
{
    AuctionItem product = e.Item as AuctionItem;
    if (product != null)
    {
        // Filter out products with price 25 or above 
        if (product.CurrentPrice < 25)
        {
            e.Accepted = true;
        }
        else
        {
            e.Accepted = false;
        }
    }
}
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