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ASP.NET Compatibility

This sample demonstrates how to enable ASP.NET Compatibility mode in Windows Communication Foundation (WCF). Services running in ASP.NET Compatibility mode participate fully in the ASP.NET application pipeline and can make use of ASP.NET features such as file/URL authorization, session state, and the HttpContext class. The HttpContext class allows access to cookies, sessions, and other ASP.NET features. This mode requires that the bindings use the HTTP transport and the service itself must be hosted in IIS.

In this sample, the client is a console application (an executable) and the service is hosted in Internet Information Services (IIS).

Note Note

The set-up procedure and build instructions for this sample are located at the end of this topic.

Note Note

This sample requires a .NET Framework version 4 application pool in order to run. To create a new application pool, or to modify the default application pool, follow these steps.

  1. Open Control Panel. Open the Administrative Tools applet under the System and Security heading. Open the Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager applet.

  2. Expand the treeview in the Connections pane. Select the Application Pools node.

  3. To set the default application pool to use .NET Framework version 4 (which may cause incompatibility problems with existing sites), right-click the DefaultAppPool list item and select Basic Settings…. Set the .Net Framework Version pull-down to .Net Framework v4.0.30128 (or later).

  4. To create a new application pool that uses .NET Framework version 4 (to preserve compatibility for other applications), right-click the Application Pools node and select Add Application Pool…. Name the new application pool, and set the .Net Framework Version pull-down to .Net Framework v4.0.30128 (or later). After running the setup steps below, right-click the ServiceModelSamples application and select Manage Application, Advanced Settings…. Set the Application Pool to the new application pool.

Important note Important

The samples may already be installed on your computer. Check for the following (default) directory before continuing.

<InstallDrive>:\WF_WCF_Samples

If this directory does not exist, go to Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) and Windows Workflow Foundation (WF) Samples for .NET Framework 4 to download all Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) and WF samples. This sample is located in the following directory.

<InstallDrive>:\WF_WCF_Samples\WCF\Basic\Services\Hosting\WebHost\ASPNetCompatibility

This sample is based on the Getting Started Sample, which implements a calculator service. The ICalculator contract has been modified as the ICalculatorSession contract to allow a set of operations to be performed, while keeping a running result.

[ServiceContract(Namespace="http://Microsoft.ServiceModel.Samples")]
public interface ICalculatorSession
{
    [OperationContract]
    void Clear();
    [OperationContract]
    void AddTo(double n);
    [OperationContract]
    void SubtractFrom(double n);
    [OperationContract]
    void MultiplyBy(double n);
    [OperationContract]
    void DivideBy(double n);
    [OperationContract]
    double Result();
}

The service maintains state, using the feature, for each client as multiple service operations are called to perform a calculation. The client can retrieve the current result by calling Result and can clear the result to zero by calling Clear.

The service uses the ASP.NET session to store the result for each client session. This allows the service to maintain the running result for each client across multiple calls to the service.

NoteNote

ASP.NET session state and WCF sessions are very different things. See the Session for details on WCF sessions.

The service has an intimate dependency on ASP.NET session state and requires ASP.NET compatibility mode to function correctly. These requirements are expressed declaratively by applying the AspNetCompatibilityRequirements attribute.

[AspNetCompatibilityRequirements(RequirementsMode =
                       AspNetCompatibilityRequirementsMode.Required)]
public class CalculatorService : ICalculatorSession
{
    double Result
    {  // store result in AspNet Session
       get {
          if (HttpContext.Current.Session["Result"] != null)
             return (double)HttpContext.Current.Session["Result"];
          return 0.0D;
       }
       set
       {
          HttpContext.Current.Session["Result"] = value;
       }
    }
    public void Clear()
    {
        Result = 0.0D;
    }
    public void AddTo(double n)
    {
        Result += n;
    }
    public void SubtractFrom(double n)
    {
        Result -= n;
    }
    public void MultiplyBy(double n)
    {
        Result *= n;
    }
    public void DivideBy(double n)
    {
        Result /= n;
    }
    public double Result()
    {
        return Result;
    }
}

When you run the sample, the operation requests and responses are displayed in the client console window. Press ENTER in the client window to shut down the client.


    0, + 100, - 50, * 17.65, / 2 = 441.25
    Press <ENTER> to terminate client.

To set up, build, and run the sample

  1. Be sure you have performed the One-Time Setup Procedure for the Windows Communication Foundation Samples.

  2. To build the C# or Visual Basic .NET edition of the solution, follow the instructions in Building the Windows Communication Foundation Samples.

  3. After the solution has been built, run Setup.bat to set up the ServiceModelSamples Application in IIS 7.0. The ServiceModelSamples directory should now appear as an IIS 7.0 Application.

  4. To run the sample in a single- or cross-computer configuration, follow the instructions in Running the Windows Communication Foundation Samples.

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