Export (0) Print
Expand All

How to: Set the Width Properties of an Element

This example visually shows the differences in rendering behavior among the four width-related properties in Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF).

The FrameworkElement class exposes four properties that describe the width characteristics of an element. These four properties can conflict, and when they do, the value that takes precedence is determined as follows: the MinWidth value takes precedence over the MaxWidth value, which in turn takes precedence over the Width value. A fourth property, ActualWidth, is read-only, and reports the actual width as determined by interactions with the layout process.

The following Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML) examples draw a Rectangle element (rect1) as a child of Canvas. You can change the width properties of a Rectangle by using a series of ListBox elements that represent the property values of MinWidth, MaxWidth, and Width. In this manner, the precedence of each property is visually displayed.

<Canvas Height="200" MinWidth="200" Background="#b0c4de" VerticalAlignment="Top"  HorizontalAlignment="Center" Name="myCanvas">
    <Rectangle HorizontalAlignment="Center" Canvas.Top="50" Canvas.Left="50"  Name="rect1" Fill="#4682b4" Width="100" Height="100"/>
</Canvas>


...


    <TextBlock Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="0" Margin="10,0,0,0" TextWrapping="Wrap">Set the Rectangle Width:</TextBlock>
    <ListBox Grid.Column="1" Grid.Row="1" Margin="10,0,0,0" Width="50" Height="50" SelectionChanged="changeWidth">
      <ListBoxItem>25</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>50</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>75</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>100</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>125</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>150</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>175</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>200</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>225</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>250</ListBoxItem>
    </ListBox>

	<TextBlock Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="2" Margin="10,0,0,0" TextWrapping="Wrap">Set the Rectangle MinWidth:</TextBlock>
    <ListBox Grid.Column="3" Grid.Row="1" Margin="10,0,0,0" Width="50" Height="50" SelectionChanged="changeMinWidth">
      <ListBoxItem>25</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>50</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>75</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>100</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>125</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>150</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>175</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>200</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>225</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>250</ListBoxItem>
  </ListBox>      

    <TextBlock Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="4" Margin="10,0,0,0" TextWrapping="Wrap">Set the Rectangle MaxWidth:</TextBlock>
    <ListBox Grid.Column="5" Grid.Row="1" Margin="10,0,0,0" Width="50" Height="50" SelectionChanged="changeMaxWidth">
      <ListBoxItem>25</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>50</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>75</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>100</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>125</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>150</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>175</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>200</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>225</ListBoxItem>
      <ListBoxItem>250</ListBoxItem>  
    </ListBox>

The following code-behind examples handle the events that the SelectionChanged event raises. Each custom method takes the input from the ListBox, parses the value as a Double, and applies the value to the specified width-related property. The width values are also converted to a string and written to various TextBlock elements (definition of those elements is not shown in the selected XAML).

Private Sub changeWidth(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal args As SelectionChangedEventArgs)
    Dim li As ListBoxItem = CType(CType(sender, ListBox).SelectedItem, ListBoxItem)
    Dim sz1 As Double = Double.Parse(li.Content.ToString())
    rect1.Width = sz1
    rect1.UpdateLayout()
    txt1.Text = "ActualWidth is set to " + rect1.ActualWidth.ToString
    txt2.Text = "Width is set to " + rect1.Width.ToString
    txt3.Text = "MinWidth is set to " + rect1.MinWidth.ToString
    txt4.Text = "MaxWidth is set to " + rect1.MaxWidth.ToString
End Sub 
Private Sub changeMinWidth(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal args As SelectionChangedEventArgs)

    Dim li As ListBoxItem = CType(CType(sender, ListBox).SelectedItem, ListBoxItem)
    Dim sz1 As Double = Double.Parse(li.Content.ToString())
    rect1.MinWidth = sz1
    rect1.UpdateLayout()
    txt1.Text = "ActualWidth is set to " + rect1.ActualWidth.ToString
    txt2.Text = "Width is set to " + rect1.Width.ToString
    txt3.Text = "MinWidth is set to " + rect1.MinWidth.ToString
    txt4.Text = "MaxWidth is set to " + rect1.MaxWidth.ToString
End Sub 
Private Sub changeMaxWidth(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal args As SelectionChangedEventArgs)

    Dim li As ListBoxItem = CType(CType(sender, ListBox).SelectedItem, ListBoxItem)
    Dim sz1 As Double = Double.Parse(li.Content.ToString())
    rect1.MaxWidth = sz1
    rect1.UpdateLayout()
    txt1.Text = "ActualWidth is set to " + rect1.ActualWidth.ToString
    txt2.Text = "Width is set to " + rect1.Width.ToString
    txt3.Text = "MinWidth is set to " + rect1.MinWidth.ToString
    txt4.Text = "MaxWidth is set to " + rect1.MaxWidth.ToString
End Sub

For the complete sample, see Width Properties Comparison Sample.

Show:
© 2014 Microsoft