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UI Automation Support for the Tree Control Type

Note Note

This documentation is intended for .NET Framework developers who want to use the managed UI Automation classes defined in the System.Windows.Automation namespace. For the latest information about UI Automation, see Windows Automation API: UI Automation.

This topic provides information about UI Automation support for the Tree control type. In UI Automation, a control type is a set of conditions that a control must meet in order to use the ControlTypeProperty property. The conditions include specific guidelines for UI Automation tree structure, UI Automation property values, and control patterns.

The Tree control type is used for containers whose contents have relevance as a hierarchy of nodes, as with the way files and folders are displayed in the left pane of Microsoft Windows Explorer. Each node has the potential to contain other nodes, called child nodes. Parent nodes, or nodes that contain child nodes, can be displayed as expanded or collapsed.

The following sections define the required UI Automation tree structure, properties, control patterns, and events for the Tree control type. The UI Automation requirements apply to all tree controls, whether Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF), Win32, or Windows Forms.

This topic contains the following sections.

The following table depicts the control view and the content view of the UI Automation tree that pertains to tree controls and describes what can be contained in each view. For more information on the UI Automation tree, see UI Automation Tree Overview.

Control View

Content View

Tree

  • DataItem (0 or more)

  • TreeItem (0 or more)

    • TreeItem (0 or more)• …

  • ScrollBar (0, 1, 2)

Tree

  • DataItem (0 or more)

  • TreeItem (0 or more)

    • TreeItem (0 or more)• …

The control view of the UI Automation tree consists of:

  • Zero to many items within the container (items can be based on the Tree Item, Data Item, or other control type).

  • Zero, one or two scroll bars.

The content view of the UI Automation tree consists of zero or many items within the container (items can be based on the Tree Item, Data Item, or other control type).

The following table lists the UI Automation properties whose value or definition is especially relevant to list controls. For more information about UI Automation properties, see UI Automation Properties for Clients.

UI Automation Property

Value

Notes

AutomationIdProperty

See notes.

The value of this property needs to be unique across all controls in an application.

BoundingRectangleProperty

See notes.

The outermost rectangle that contains the whole control.

ClickablePointProperty

See notes.

Tree controls have a clickable point that will cause the tree or one the items in the tree container to have the focus set on them. You get a clickable point for a tree only if you can click somewhere that doesn't cause one of the items to be selected/get focus.

ControlTypeProperty

Tree

This value is the same for all UI frameworks.

IsContentElementProperty

True

The tree control is always included in the content view of the UI Automation tree.

IsControlElementProperty

True

The tree control is always included in the control view of the UI Automation tree.

IsKeyboardFocusableProperty

See notes.

If the control can receive keyboard focus, it must support this property.

LabeledByProperty

See notes.

If the tree control has a label associated with it, this property will return an AutomationElement for that label. Otherwise, the property will return a null reference (Nothing in Microsoft Visual Basic .NET).

LocalizedControlTypeProperty

"tree"

Localized string corresponding to the List control type.

NameProperty

See notes.

The value of a tree control's name property usually comes from text that labels the control. If there is no text label, then the application developer must provide a value for this property.

The following table lists the UI Automation control patterns required to be supported by list controls. For more information on control patterns, see UI Automation Control Patterns Overview.

Control Pattern/Pattern Property

Support/Value

Notes

ISelectionProvider

Depends

Tree controls that contain a set of selectable items must implement this control pattern. This control pattern does not have to be implemented if selecting an item does not convey meaningful information to the user.

CanSelectMultiple

See notes.

Implement this property if the tree control supports multiple selection (most tree controls do not support multiple selection).

IsSelectionRequired

See notes.

The value of this property is exposed if the control requires that an item be selected.

IScrollProvider

Depends

Implement this control pattern if the contents of the tree container can be scrolled.

The following table lists the UI Automation events required to be supported by all tree controls. For more information on events, see UI Automation Events Overview.

UI Automation Event

Support

Notes

InvalidatedEvent

Depends

None

BoundingRectangleProperty property-changed event.

Required

None

IsOffscreenProperty property-changed event.

Required

None

IsEnabledProperty property-changed event.

Required

None

HorizontallyScrollableProperty property-changed event.

Depends

None

HorizontalScrollPercentProperty property-changed event.

Depends

None

HorizontalViewSizeProperty property-changed event.

Depends

None

VerticalScrollPercentProperty property-changed event.

Depends

None

VerticallyScrollableProperty property-changed event.

Depends

None

VerticalViewSizeProperty property-changed event.

Depends

None

AutomationFocusChangedEvent

Required

None

StructureChangedEvent

Required

None

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